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Sir Michael de Poynings
(-1314)
Margaret Bardolf
(After 1286-Between 1333/1334)
Richard de Rokesle
(Bef 1278-Bef 1321)
Joan de Criel
(Bef 1278-Bef 1322)
Sir Thomas de Poynings
(Abt 1294-1339)
Agnes de Rokesle
(Bef 1299-Bef 1346)
Michael de Poynings 1st Baron Poynings
(Bef 1317-1369)

 

Family Links

Spouses/Children:
1. Joan

Michael de Poynings 1st Baron Poynings

  • Born: Bef 17 Nov 1317 1
  • Marriage (1): Joan before 1349
  • Died: 7 Mar 1369 2
  • Buried: Holy Trinity Church, The Street, Poynings, West Sussex, BN45 7AQ, GB 3

  General Notes:

SIR MICHAEL DE POYNINGS, son and heir, took part in the expedition to Flanders, 1338-39, and had order for seisin, being then still abroad, 8 February 1339/40. In June following he was again setting out with the King. He was summoned, December 1341, against the Scots; and to councils in February 1341/2, July 1352, July 1353 and June 1358. He sailed with the King to Brittany in October 1342, as a banneret. Again in 1345 he sailed with the King, and fought at Crécy and Calais in his retinue, with 45 men under his command. He was summoned to Parliament, by writs directed Michaeli de Ponynges, from 20 November 1348 to 24 February 1367/8, whereby he is held to have become ;ORD POYNINGS. He was on the commissions of the peace in Sussex, 1351, 1354, 1361, 1362, 1364 and 1368; and in June 1354 one of the justices to enforce the Statute of Labourers there. In July 1355 he was abroad in the King's service; and he commanded his own company in the King's campaign in France, 1359-60. He was a commissioner in Sussex, in July 1360, to check the return of the unspent residue of a special 10th and 15th granted for the emergency of the war.

He married, in or before 1348, Joan, widow of John, son and heir apparent of Sir John (DE MOLEYNS), LORD MOLEYNS; and died 7 March 1368/9. His widow died 16 May 1369.

[Complete Peerage X:660-1, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)]

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POYNINGS or PONYNGS, MICHAEL de, second Baron Poynings (1317-1369), was eldest son of Thomas, first baron, by Agnes, daughter and coheiress of Richard de Rokesle. The family had been settled at Poynings, Sussex, as early as the reign of Stephen, and Michael's grandfather, Michael de Poynings (d. 1316), received a summons to parliament on 8 June 1294; but it was not renewed, and it does not appear that it can be regarded as constituting a regular summons to parliament (Nicolas, Historic Peerage, pp. 117-18, 389). His son Thomas was, however, summoned on 23 April 1337. The latter was one of the guardians of the sea-coast of Sussex on 1 April 1338, and on 22 June 1339 one of the witnesses to the treaty with Brabant (Fœdera, ii. 1025, 1083). He was killed in the assault of Hunycourt in Vermandois on 10 Oct. 1339 (Hemingburgh, i. 341), though it is commonly stated that he was killed in the sea-fight off Sluys on 24 June 1340 (Le Baker, ed. Thompson, p. 243; Barnes, Hist. Edward III, p. 183). He left three sons - Michael, Richard, and Luke. The last-named married Isabella, sister and coheiress of Edmund, lord St. John of Basing, and was summoned to parliament in 1368, probably in right of his wife, as Baron St. John.

Michael de Poynings was twenty-two years of age when he succeeded his father as second baron in 1339. He served in Flanders in 1339 and 1340, and on 4 Nov. 1341 was summoned for service in the Scots war (Fœdera, ii. 1181, 1184). On 4 Oct. 1342 he is mentioned as being with the king at Sandwich, when on his way to Brittany (ib. ii. 1212). He again served in France in 1345, and in 1346 took part in the campaign of Crécy (Barnes, Hist. Edward III, pp. 320, 354). In 1351, and again in 1352, he was one of the guardians of the sea-coast of Sussex (Fœdera, iii. 218, 245). He was employed in the French expedition of the king in 1355, and in the campaign of Poitiers in the following year. In August 1359, together with his brothers Richard and Luke, he joined in the great invasion of France, and was still abroad in April 1360 (ib. iii. 445, 483). On 22 June 1362 he was one of the signatories to the treaty with the king of Castile (ib. iii. 657). Poynings died on 15 March 1369. He had been summoned to parliament from 25 Feb. 1342. By his wife Joan, widow of Sir John de Molyns, who must be distinct from Sir John de Molines or Moleyns (d. 1365?) [q. v.] he had two sons - Thomas and Richard - and four daughters. Of the latter, Mary married Sir Arnold Savage [q. v.] Joan de Poynings died on 11 May 1369 [16 May according to Inq.], and was buried with her husband at Poynings, where the existing church was erected in accordance with their wills.

[Dictionary of National Biography] 3

  Noted events in his life were:

• Manorial Estate: Berewick [Berwick] Manor, Lympne, Hythe, Kent, CT21, GB. 4 BEREWICK, now called Berwick, is a manor here, which lies about half a mile northward of Limne church, in the valley between it and Newin-green. It was given before the Norman conquest, by king Knute, to Eadsy, a priest, who in the year 1032 gave it to the monastery of Christ-church, in Canterbury. The copy of the grant of it may be seen in Somner's Roman Ports, a curious specimen of the manner of the donations of that time; among other revenues of the priory it was allotted to the archbishop, of whom it was afterwards held by knight's service, and continued so till after the Norman conquest. Accordingly it is entered in the record of Domesday, under that general title, as follows:

In Estraites hundred, Wills de Eddesham holds of the archbishop, Berewic as one manor. It was taxed at half a suling. The arable land is three carucates. In demesne there are two, and nine villeins, with nine borderers having one carucate and an half. There are eighteen acres of meadow, and wood for the pannage of twenty bogs. In the time of king Edward the Confessor it was worth sixty shillings, and afterwards twenty shillings, now seven pounds, and yet it yields eleven pounds.

After which this manor appears to have come into the possession of the family of Auberville, in which it remained till Joane, daughter and heir of William de Auberville, marrying Nicholas de Criol, entitled him to it as part of her inheritance. At length his descendant Bertram de Criol dying s. p. Joane his sister carried it in marriage to Sir Richard de Rokesle, whose daughter and coheir Joane, about the middle of king Edward II.'s reign, marrying Thomas de Poynings, he became in her right possessed of it, and in his descendants it continued down to Sir Edward Poynings, of Westenhanger, on whose death in the 14th year of king Henry VIII. without legitimate issue, and even without any collateral kindred, who could make claim to his estates, this manor, among the rest of them, escheated to the crown.

• Manorial Estate: Capell Manor, Tonbridge, Kent, TN12, GB. 5 THE MANOR OF CAPELL, called likewise the manor of St. Mary le Merge, was antiently part of the possessions of Nigell de Muneville, whose descendant William de Muneville leaving an only daughter and heir, she carried it in marriage to William de Albrincis, or Averenches, whose son, of the sams name, leaving likewise an only daughter and heir Matilda, she entitled her husband Hamo de Crevequer to it. He left four daughters, of whom Elene, married to Bertram de Crioll, on the partition of their inheritance, entitled her husband to this manor, and he died possessed of it in the 23d year of Edward I. leaving two sons John and Bertram, who both died s.p. and a daughter Joane, who upon the death of the latter became his heir, and carried this manor, among the rest of her inheritance, in marriage to Sir Richard de Rokesle, whose eldest daughter and coheir Agnes entitled her husband Thomas de Poynings to the possession of it; in whose descendants it continued down to Sir Edward Poynings, of Westenhanger, governor of Dover castle and lord warden, who in the 12th year of king Henry the VIII.th's reign gave it in marriage with Mary, one of his natural daughters, to Thomas Fynes, lord Clinton and Saye, to whom this manor was confirmed in the 30th year of it.

• Manorial Estate: Criols Court, Shadoxhurst, Ashford, Kent, TN26, GB. 6 CRIOLS-COURT, now usually called Crayals, is an estate in this parish, which was once the patrimony of the eminent family of Criol, and was one of the several seates of theirs in this county, which took their name from them. Bertram de Criol died possessed of it in the 23d year of king Edward I. and his son John dying in the 34th year of that reign s. p. left Joane his sister his next heir, then married to Sir Richard de Rokesle. His eldest daughter and coheir Agnes, married Thomas de Poynings, and by it entitled that family to this among the great inheritance which devolved to her in right of her mother; and in their descendants this estate continued down to Sir Edward Poynings, a man much in favour with king Henry VII. and VIII. under both of whom he enjoyed many important offices of trust and honor.

• Manorial Estate: Criols Manor, Borden, Sittingbourne, Kent, ME10, GB. 7 CRIOLS, alias KYRIELLS, with an appendage to it, called Poyles, the very name of which has been long since forgotten, is a manor here, which in early times was in the possession of the eminent family of Criol, who fixed their name on it, as they did on other estates belonging to them in different parts of this county.

Bertram de Criol died possessed of it in the 23d year of king Edward I. anno 1294, whose son John de Criol dying in the 34th year of that reign, s. p. Joane his sister, married to Sir Richard de Rokesle, became his heir, and entitled her husband to this manor.

He left by her two daughters his coheirs, of whom Agnes, the eldest, married Thomas de Poynings, who in her right became possessed of it, and in his name and descendants it continued down to Sir Edward Poynings, governor of Dover-castle, and lord warden, and he died possessed of it in the 14th year of king Henry VIII. anno 1522, not only without legitimate issue, though he had several natural children, but without any collateral kindred, who could lay claim to his estates, so that this manor, among others, escheated to the crown.

• Manorial Estate: Criols Manor, Brenchley, Tonbridge, Kent, TN12, GB. 8 CRIOLS is another manor here, lying about a mile and a half south west from Brenchley village, which in the reign of king Henry III. was in the possession of the eminent family of Criol, in which reign Bertram de. Criol held it, as half a knight's fee, of Alicia de Waltham, as she again did of the earl of Gloucester. He resided, at Ostenhanger, in this county, which seat he rebuilt, and being much in the king's favor, among other offices of trust, was made sheriff of Kent in the 16th and 26th years of that reign, and had the custody of the castles of Dover and Rochester committed to him. His great grandson, John de Criol, died in the 34th year of king Edward the 1st.'s reign, leaving Joane his sister his next heir, married to Sir Richard de Rokesle, who in her right inherited this manor. His eldest daughter and coheir Agnes, married Thomas de Poynings, and intitled him to this manor, in whose name and descendants it continued down to Sir Edward Poynings, a man much in favor with king Henry VII. and VIII. being governor of Dover-castle, lordwarden of the cinque ports, and knight of the garter, and he died possessed of it in the 14th year of the latter reign, anno 1522, not only without legitimate issue, but without any collateral kindred, who could make claim to his estates.

• Manorial Estate: Eastwell Manor, Ashford, Kent, TN25, GB. 9 At the time of taking the general survey of Domesday, in the 15th year of the Conqueror's reign, this place was part of the possessions of Hugo de Montfort, under the general title of whose lands it is thus entered in it:

Hugo de Montfort holds one manor, Estwelle, which Frederic held of king Edward. It was taxed at one suling. There are three yokes within the division of Hugo, and the fourth yoke is without, and is of the fee of the bishop of Baieux. The arable land is three carucates in the whole. In demesne there are two carucates, and five villeins, and five borderers having one carucate and an half. There are ten servants, and twelve acres of meadow, and a wood. In the time of king Edward the Confessor, it was worth seventy shillings, and afterwards thirty shillings, now seventy shillings.

And the following entries in the same record, under the general title of the bishop of Baieux's lands, seem to relate to his possessions in this parish:

Ralph de Curbespine holds of the bishop Essewelle. It was taxed at three sulings. The arable land is . . . . . In demesne there are three carucates, and one villein, with seven borderers having half a carucate. There is one servant. It is worth six pounds. Molleue held it of king Edward.

The other entry is thus: Osbern holds of the bishop one manor, which three free tenants held of king Edward. It was taxed at one suling and an half. The arable land is . . . . In demesne there is one carucate, and one villein, with one borderer having half a caruacate. In the time of king Edward it was, and is now worth four pounds.

Hugo de Montfort, before-mentioned, had accompanied the Conqueror in his expedition hither, and after the battle of Hastings was rewarded for his services with many lordships in different counties, and among them with this of Eastwell. Robert, his grandson, was general of king William Rufus's army; but favouring the title of Robert Curthose, in opposition to king Henry I. to avoid being called in question upon that account, obtained leave to go on a pilgrimage to Jerusalem, leaving his possessions to the king, by which means this manor came into the hands of the crown, of which it was afterwards held by a family who took their surname from it; one of whom, Matilda de Estwelles, held this manor, with the advowson of the church of it, of the king in capite, at her death in the 52d year of king Henry III. Soon after which it seems to have come into the possession of the family of Criol; for Bertram, son of John de Criol, died possessed of it in the 23d year of king Edward I. holding it in the like manner, and by ward to Dover castle, being part of those lands which made up the barony, called the Constabularie. He left two sons, John and Bertram, and a daughter Joane, who afterwards married Sir Richard de Rokesle. Both these sons died s.p. the former of them left his wife Alianor surviving, who entitled her second husband Edmund Gaselyn to this manor for her life, and she died possessed of it in the 23d year of king Edward III. upon which this manor descended to Agnes and Joane, the two daughters and coheirs of Joane her late husband's sister before-mentioned, by Sir Richard de Rokesley; and upon the division of their inheritance, the manor of Eastwell was allotted to Agnes the eldest, who entitled Thomas de Poynings her husband to it; and in his descendants this manor, with the advowson of the church, continued down to Robert de Poynings, who died possessed of it in the 25th year of king Henry VI. leaving Alianore, his grand-daughter, wife of Henry, lord Percy, eldest son of Henry, earl of Northumberland, his next heir; who in the 27th year of it had summons to parliament among the barons of this realm, as lord Poynings.

• Manorial Estate: Horsemonden Manor, Tonbridge, Kent, TN12, GB. 10 In the 8th year of king Edward II. this manor was part of the possessions of the family of Rokesle, the heirs of Roger de Rokesle then holding it of the honor of Clare; one of these was Sir Richard de Rokesle, who died without male issue, leaving by his wife Joane, sister and heir of John de Criol, son of Bertram above-mentioned, two daughters his coheirs; of whom Agnes, the eldest, married Thomas de Poynings; and Joane, the youngest, first Hugh de Pateshull, and secondly Sir William le Baud, each of whom in her right became possessed of this manor, and the latter of them died possessed of it in the 4th year of king Edward III. His widow, in the 20th year of that reign, paid aid for it, being then held of the earl of Gloucester.

After which, although their son, Sir William Baud, seems to have had some interest in this estate, at his death in the 50th year of that reign, yet on hers, the manor itself came to her nephew Michael, son of Thomas de Poynings above mentioned, by Joane de Rokesle her sister, in whose descendants it continued down to his grandson Robert de Poynings, who died in the 25th year of king Henry VI. leaving Alianore, the wife of Sir Henry Percy, lord Percy, eldest son of Henry, earl of Northumberland, daughter of Richard de Poynings, his eldest son, who died in his life-time, his next heir; upon which the lord Percy, in her right, became entitled to this manor.

• Manorial Estate: Mottenden Manor, Hedcorne [Headcorn], Ashford, Kent, TN27, GB. 11 MOTTENDEN, or more truly Modinden, is a manor situated in the northern part of this parish, which with the estate belonging to it, called Great and Little Mottenden, antiently belonged to the family of Rokesle; one of whom, Sir Richard de Rokesle, in the year 1224, anno 9 Henry III. founded a priory on this manor, for friars of the order of the holy trinity, commonly called Trinitarians, being the first house of this order in England. Their rule was that of St. Austin, with some peculiar constitutions. Their habit, a white gown, with a red and blue cross on their breasts; their revenues were divided, one part for their support and maintenance, another to relieve the poor, and a third to redeem such Christians as should be taken captives by the insidels. To this priory the founder at the same time gave this manor; and there were from time to time several pardons and indulgencies granted by the succeeding popes to the benefactors of it, which increased both the reputation and revenues of it.

[...] This manor, with the scite of the priory and lands belonging to it, did not after this long remain in the hands of the crown; for the king granted them in his 30th year to Thomas, lord Cromwell, who was the next year created earl of Essex.

[Have assumed that this manor was handed down as per the other Rokesley manors.]

• Manorial Estate: Ostenhanger Manor, Stanford, Ashford, Kent, TN25, GB. 12 WESTENHANGER is an eminent manor here, which was once a parish of itself, though now united to Stanford: Its antient and more proper name, as appears by the register of the monastery of St. Angustine, was Le Hangre, yet I find it called likewise in records as high as the reign of Richard I. by the names both of Ostenhanger and Westenhanger, which certainly arose from its having been divided, and in the hands of separate owners, being possessed by the two eminent families of Criol and Auberville. Bertram de Criol, who was constable of Dover castle, lord warden of the five ports, and sheriff of Kent, for several years in the reign of king Henry III. who from his great possessions in this country, was usually stiled the great lord of Kent, is written in the pipe-rolls of the 27th year of that reign, of Ostenhanger, where it is said he rebuilt great part of the then antient mansion. He left two sons, Nicholas and John, the former of whom marrying with Joane, daughter and heir of Sir William de Aubervilse, inherited in her right the other part of this manor, called Westenhanger, as will be further mentioned hereafter. John, the younger son, seems to have inherited his father's share of this manor, called Ostenhanger, of which he died possessed in the 48th year of king Henry III. as did his son Bertram de Criol in the 23d year of Edward I. leaving two sons, John and Bertram, who both died s.p. and a daughter Joane, who upon the death of the latter became his heir, and carried Ostenhanger, among the rest of her inheritance, in marriage to Sir Richard de Rokesle, seneschal and governor of Poictu and Montreul in Picardy, a man of eminent character in that time, having been created a knight-banneret by king Edward I. at the siege of Carlaverock, in Scotland. He died without issue male, leaving his two daughters his coheirs, of whom Agnes, the eldest, married Thomas de Poynings; and Joane, the youngest, first Hugh de Pateshall, and secondly Sir William le Baud, and upon the division of their inheritance, Ostenhanger was wholly allotted to Thomas de Poynings, who died anno 13 Edward III. bearing for his arms, Barry of six, or, and vert, over all a bend, gules. He left three sons, Nicholas, Michael, and Lucas de Poynings, all three summoned at different times to parliament, among the barons of this realm. The descendants of the latter being summoned as barons Poynings de St. John, which barony became vested in the late duke of Bolton. Upon the division of their inheritance, this manor was allotted to the second son Michael, who died anno 43 king Edward III. and left two sons, Thomas and Richard. Thomas de Poynings, the eldest son, possessed it on his father's death, but he died anno 49 Edward III. s.p. having bequeathed his body to be buried in the midst of the choir of St. Radigund's, of his own patronage, before the high altar, appointing that a fair tomb should be placed over his grave, with the image of a knight made thereon. Upon his death, Richard de Poynings, his youngest brother, succeeded to it, and died possessed of it in the IIth year of king Richard II. as did his son Robert anno 25 Henry VI. having had two sons, Richard de Poynings, who died in his life-time, leaving a sole daughter and heir Alianore, who married Sir Henry Percy, afterwards earl of Northumberland...

• Manorial Estate: Paddlesworth Manor, Folkestone, Kent, CT18, GB. 13 The manor or Padlesworth was antiently part of the estate of the great family of Criol, one of whom, Bertram de Criol, died possessed of it in the 23d year of king Edward I. whose two sons dying without issue, Joane their sister became possessed of this manor, with the rest of her brother's inheritance, which she carried in marriage to Sir Richard de Rokesle, who left his two daughters his coheirs, of whom Agnes, the eldest, married Thomas de Poynings, and entitled her husband to the possession of this manor. He died anno 13 Edward III. and in his descendants it continued down to Robert de Poynings, who lived in king Edward IV.'s reign, and was, as his several ancestors were, summoned to parliament among the barons of this realm, and he passed it away by sale to Sir Thomas Fogge, of Repton...

• Manorial Estate: Seaton Manor, Boughton Aluph, Ashford, Kent, TN25, GB. 14 SEATON is a small manor in this parish, which was held by knight's service in grand sergeantry, to provide one man, called a vautrer, to lead three greyhounds when the king should go into Gascony, until he had worn out a pair of shoes of the price of four-pence, bought at the king's cost; by which service John de Criol, younger son of Bertram, held it at his death in the 48th year of king Henry III. whose grand-daughter Joane becoming heir to her brother's inheritance, who died s. p. she carried this manor in marriage to Sir Richard de Rokesle, who was found to hold it by the like service, in the 11th year of king Edward II. His eldest daughter and coheir Agnes married Thomas de Poynings, and entitled him to the possession of it. In whose descendants it continued till Alianore, daughter of Richard de Poynings, marrying Henry, lord Percy, eldest son of Henry, earl of Northamberland, he, in her right, became entitled to this manor among her other great inheritance in this county and elsewhere.

• Manorial Estate: Tottington Manor, Aylesford, Kent, ME20, GB. 15 TOTTINGTON, or TOTTENDEN, as it is called in the rolls of Aylesford manor, lies about half a mile north-eastward from the priory of Aylesford. In the reign of William the Conqueror it was part of the possessions of Odo, the great bishop of Baieux, and half brother to the king; and accordingly it is thus entered under the general title of that prelate's lands, in the survey of Domesday, taken about 1080.

Robert Latin holds to ferm of the king Tontintune, of the new gift of the bishop of Baieux. It was taxed at half a suling. The arable land is one carucate and a half. In demesne there is one, and three villeins, with nine borderers, having half a carucate. There are four servants and five acres of meadow. Wood for the pannage of two hogs. In the time of king Edward the Confessor it was worth 30 shillings, when he received it 20 shillings, now 40 shillings. Ulnod held it of king Edward.

The same Robert holds in Totintune to ferm of the king one yoke, and that is of the new gift of the bishop of Baieux, and there is nothing except two acres of meadow. It is and was worth separately 10 shillings. Godnin held it of king Edward.

Soon after this the manor of Tottington was become the property of Malgerius de Rokesle, so called from his possessions at Rokesle, in this county, and his son Richard gave the whole tithe of his land, in Totintune to the monks of St. Andrew's, in Rochester, on condition, that he and his wife and son should receive the benefit of the prayers of that society; in whose descendants this manor continued the same as that of Rokesle before described, till at length it came into the possession of Robert de Poynings, who died in the 25th year of king Henry VI. anno 1446, possessed likewise of the advowson of the free chapel of St. Stephen in it, founded by his father, Richard de Poynings, both being held of the king, as of his castle of Leeds, which was of the barony of Crevequer, by knight service. He gave it to Tho. Palmer, esq. of the Court lodge, in Snodland, who had married his only daughter, and was grandson of Thomas, of Snodland, who married the daughter of Fitz Simon.

• Manorial Estate: West Shelve Manor, Lenham, Ashford, Kent, GB. 16 THE MANOR OF WEST, alias NEW SHELVE, so called from its situation in regard to the others, and to distinguish it from the adjoining manor of Old Shelve, became part of the possessions of the family of Criol, one of whom Bertram de Criol held it in the reign of Henry III. in whose descendants it continued down to John de Criol, who dying s. p. in the reign of king Edward I. Joane his sister became his heir, and carried this manor among the rest of her inheritance, in marriage to Sir Richard de Rokesle, seneschal and governor of Poitou and Montreul, in Picardy, who left two daughters his coheirs, of whom Agnes the eldest married Thomas de Poynings; and Joane the youngest, first, Hugh de Pateshull, and secondly, Sir William le Baud, nevertheless, they did not inherit this manor, which descended to a younger branch of the family of Rokesle, and it afterwards, on failure of issue, devolved as next of kin, in like manner as Ruxley heretofore described, by reason of the above marriage to the family of Poynings, in which it continued till Sir EdPoynings, dying in the 14th year of Henry VIIIth's reign, without legitimate issue, and even without any collateral kindred who could make claim to his estates, this manor among the rest of his possessions escheated to the crown.

• Manorial Estate: Westwood Manor, Preston-next-Faversham, Kent, ME13, GB. 17 WESTWOOD is an eminent manor in the south-east part of this parish, which was antiently part of the possessions of the family of Rokesle, by whom it was held of the barony of Crevequer, by the tenure of performing ward to Dover castle. In the reign of Edward II. Sir Richard de Rokesle became by inheritance the owner of it, holding it by knight's services of the before mentioned barony. He died without male issue, leaving by Joane, sister and heir of John de Criol, two daughters his coheirs, of whom Agnes, the eldest, married to Thomas de Poynings, seems to have entitled her husband to it, who in the 2d year of Edward III. obtained a charter of free warren for all his demesne lands in this manor of Westwood among others.

In his descendants it continued down to Robert de Poynings, who died in the 25th year of king Henry VI. He had two sons, of whom Richard, the eldest, died in his life-time, leaving a daughter Eleanor, married to Sir Henry Percy, afterwards earl of Northumberland, and Robert de Poynings, the younger son, became entitled to this manor, and was succeeded in it by his son and heir Sir Edward Poynings, who was much in favor with king Henry VII. and VIII. being lord warden of the five ports, and knight of the garter. He died in the 14th year of the latter reign, 1522, not only without legitimate issue, but without any collateral kindred, who could make claim to his estates, so that this manor, among his other estates, escheated to the crown, and was afterwards granted to Thomas Cromwell, earl of Essex.

• Inquisition, 25 Oct 1339. 18 231. THOMAS DE PONYNGES.

Writ, 25 October, 13 Edward III.

KENT. Inq. 12 November, 13 Edward III.

Terlyngeham. A moiety of the manor, with a moiety of the hundred of Falkstan (extent given), held of the king in chief by service of a sixteenth part of a knight's fee, as of the crown of England; and from the pleas and perquisites of the said hundred (-court) are due to the king, for the ward of the castle of Dover, 7s. yearly, and by the hands of the sheriff of Kent 10s. yearly.

Westwode. The manor (extent given), held for his life of the castle of Ledes by service of a knight's fee and suit of court every three weeks; the reversion whereof belongs to Michael his son, and the heirs of his body, by a fine levied in the king's court, and there are of rents resolute viz.'9763s. 2 1/2d. to the abbot of Faveresham, 14s. to the prior of Christ Church, Canterbury, and 4s. 10d. to divers other lords.

He died on 17 October in the year abovesaid. Michael his son, aged 22 years and more, is his next heir.

SUSSEX. Inq. 9 November, 13 Edward III.

Slagham. The manor (extent given), with the advowson of the church and a park, held of the earl of Warenne by service of doing a perch of the fencing of the park of Kokefelde.

Date of death as above. Heir as above, aged 21 years and more.

SUSSEX. Inq. 11 November, 13 Edward III.

Pengedene. The manor (extent given) held of the earl of Warenne by service of enclosing two furlongs about the said earl's park of Dychenynge, and half a furlong about the park of Cukkefeld.

Preston. The manor (extent given) held of the heir of John de Sencler by knight's service.

Date of death and heir as first above.

SUSSEX. Inq. 10 November, 13 Edward III.

Ponynges. The manor (extent given), with the advowsons of the church and a park, held of the earl of Warenne by knight's service.

Hangelton. The manor (extent given), including a pasture called Shepelese, and rents called 'eggyngselver,' 'ocsegheld' and 'saltgheld,' held of the earl of Warenne by knight's service.

Twynem. The manor (full extent given), including a park, held of the earl of Warenne by service of a pair of gilt spurs, or 6d.

Date of death and heir as first above.

ESSEX. Inq. 17 November, 13 Edward III.

Wythermundeford. The manor (extent given) held of the heir of Sir Richard de Plays, knight, a minor and in the king's wardship, by service of a quarter of a knight's fee.

Heir as above, aged 22 years.

SUFFOLK. Inq. 18 November, 13 Edward III.

Wrantham. The manor (extent given), including a park, held of the earl of Warenne by knight's service.

Thanys. The manor (extent given), with a certain messuage called Smalbrigge, and a park, held of Andrew de Bures by knight's service.

Heir as above, aged 22 years and more.

C. Edw. III. File 60. (6.)

• Inquisition: Post mortem, 10 Feb 1349. 19 421. ELEANOR, LATE THE WIFE OF JOHN SON OF BERTRAM DE CRYEL.

Writ, 10 February, 23 Edward III. KENT. Inq. taken at Estwelle, 2 March, 23 Edward III.

Estwelle. The manor, with the advowson of the church, held for life of the king in chief by service of 1 3/4 knights' fees.

Seint Maricherche in the marsh of Romene. Sixty acres of land in a place called Shyngledehalle held for life of the king in chief by service of a quarter of a knight's fee.

Esshemersfeld. The manor, held for life of the heirs of Giles de Badelesmere in chief by service of a moiety of a knight's fee.

She died on 17 January last. The reversion of the premises belongs to Joan, late the wife of William Baud, knight, and to Michael de Ponnynges, knight, son and heir of Agnes sister of the said Joan, as heirs of the said John son of Bertram de Cryel, uncle of Joan and Agnes. The said Joan and Michael are 21 years of age and more.

Writ of certiorari de feodis, &c., 13 February, 23 Edward III.

KENT. Extent taken at Estwelle, 2 March, 23 Edward III. She held no knights' fees or advowsons of churches in the county of the king in chief, but she held for life the manor of Estwelle, to which belongs the advowson of the church. Writ to the escheator to deliver to the said Michael and Joan their pourparties, 14 March, 23 Edward III. By p.s. (See Fine Roll 149, m. 24.)

Endorsed division of pourparties. (See Calendar of Close Rolls, p. 140.)

C. Edw. III. File 104. (22.)

E. Inq. p.m. File 10. (20.)

• Manorial Estate, 1369, Poynings Manor, Steyning, West Sussex, BN45, GB. 20 The manor of POYNINGS was probably identical with 8 hides held in 1086 of William de Warenne by William son of Rainald, who may be identified with Rainald de Poynings son of Reiner.

[...] Adam de Poynings and his wife Beatrice were holding land at Poynings about 1140. They had a son Adam. In 1242-3 Thomas de Poynings held Poynings and its members as 10 knights' fees, and was succeeded by his son Luke, who was holding Poynings in 1284-5, and died in 1294. Michael son and heir of Luke died in 1316, in which year his widow Margery was holding Poynings. In 1339 Thomas, Michael's heir and first holder of the barony of Poynings, created in 1337, died seised of the manor, which descended to his son Michael, who died in March 1369. His widow Joan held the manor as dower till her death a few months later, and it passed subsequently to her son Thomas who died in 1375 having settled the manor on his wife Blanche for life. It does not, however, appear among her possessions at her death in 1409. Thomas's heir was his young brother Richard, who held the manor until 1387. His widow Isabel held as her dower until her death in 1394. Richard's son Robert died in 1446, and since his only son Richard had died in 1430, the manor passed to Richard's daughter Eleanor, wife of Henry Percy son and heir of Henry Percy, Earl of Northumberland. Subsequently the lordship of Poynings became merged in the earldom of Northumberland.

• Inquisition, 8 Mar 1369. 21 404. MICHAEL DE PONYNGES, or PONYNGGES, knight.

Writ, 8 March, 43 Edward III. WILTS. Inq. made at Wilton, 20 March, 43 Edward III.

La Lee and La Gore by Lavynton. The manors, held in right of Joan his wife, who survives, by reason of a gift thereof lately made by John de Molyns, knight, to John his son and the said Joan, then wife of the latter, and the heirs of their bodies, with remainder to William de Molyns, brother of the said John son of John, and the heirs male of his body, and with reversion to John de Molyns and his heirs. John son of John is dead without heir of his body by Joan, so that the manors ought to remain to William de Molyns and the heirs male of his body after the death of Joan. The manor of La Lee is held of the abbot of Malmesbury, and the manor of La Gore of Robert de la Mare, both by knight's service.

He held no other lands &c. in the county.

He died on 7 March last.

Writ, 8 March, 43 Edward III.

NORFOLK. Inq. (indented) taken at Wilton, Monday in Easter Week, 43 Edward III.

Wilton. The manor (extent given), with the advowson of the church of Hokewold, held of the earl of Arundel, the prior of Castelacre, the prior of Flycham, and Osbert de Mundeford by service of one knight's fee and half a quarter (di' quart'), and by suit to the court of Castelacre, and by 11s. 9d. rent yearly. The extent includes a pightle called 'Halleyerd,' and a marsh, the fishery of which, with the rushes, is worth 10s. a year.

Fouldon. 50a. arable and 5s. yearly rent, held as parcel of the said manor of the said earl, and of the manor of Hilburworth, by service of 4s. 9d. yearly.

Westbradenham. 120a. arable, held of the honor of Clare by homage and suit to the court of Clare.

He died on 15 March last. Thomas his son, aged 20 years and more, is his heir.

NORFOLK. Inq. (indented) taken at Sydestronde, Friday in Easter Week, 43 Edward III.

Sydestronde. He held no lands &c. in the county except the manor of Wilton and the lands &c. which are extended by an inquisition taken at Wilton (see above); but long before his death he granted his manor of Sydestronde, with the advowson of the church of St. Michael there, to Robert Boteler and Richard his own son for their lives. The jurors know not of whom or by what services the manor is held.

Date of death and heir as last above.

NORFOLK. Inq. (indented) taken at Flycham, Thursday in Easter Week, 43 Edward III.

Flycham. He held no lands in Norfolk except as above; but long before his death he granted his manor of Flycham to Robert Boteler and Richard his own son for their lives. The manor is held of the earl of Arundel, services not known.

Date of death and heir as above.

SUFFOLK. Inq. (indented) taken at Wrantham, Wednesday in Easter Week, 43 Edward III.

Wrantham. Long before his death he granted his manor of Wrantham to Andrew de Bures, knight, Robert Botiller, John Borle, parson of the church of Terring, and Walter de Berdefeld, parson of the church of Elyngham, who survive, to hold for the lives of each of them. The manor is held of the earl of Arundel, services not known.

Date of death and heir as above.

Writ, 8 March, 43 Edward III.

SUSSEX. Inq. (indented) taken at Lewes, Saturday the eve of the Annunciation, 43 Edward III. (Twenty-four jurors.)

Ponyngges. The manor (extent given), held of Richard earl of Arundel by knight's service, as of his castle of Lewes. The extent includes a park half a league in circumference, with deer.

Penggeden, Perchyng, Hangelton and Preston by Glynde. Long before his death, to wit, in 29 Edward III, he demised these manors to Robert Boteler, Sir John de Borle, rector of the church of Terryng, Robert Queth, and John atte Hide, who survive, for their lives, at a yearly rent of 2 roses at Midsummer, saving to him and his heirs the reversion thereof, as by the charters appears. The manors of Perchyng, Penggeden, and Hanggelton are held of the said earl by knight's service, as of the said castle; and the manor of Preston is held of John Seynclere, knight, and John Cokefeld, as of their manors of Jevyngton and Ferle, by knight's service.

Westdene by Sefforde. The manor, held jointly with Joan his wife, who survives, of Andrew Sakevill, knight, as of his manor of Chytyngleghe, by knight's service. He acquired it from Thomas Herynggaude, knight, to hold to him and Joan his wife and his heirs, as appears by a fine levied in the king's court and shewn.

Twynem. The manor (extent given), held in socage of the said earl by service of a pair of gilt spurs, price 6d., payable yearly at the earl's manor of Cokefelde. The extent includes a small park of about 100a., with deer.

Walderne. A messuage and 100a. of land, held jointly with Joan his wife, under the name of the manor of Walderne, of Andrew Sakevill, knight, by knight's service, as of his manor of Chidyngglegh, by a fine levied in the king's court as above, by gift of Thomas Herynghaud, knight, to him and the said Joan and his heirs.

Craule. The town (extent given), held of the same earl, as of his castle of Lewes, by knight's service.

Ifeld. 6 marks yearly rent from free tenants, held of John de Moumbray, as of his castle of Brembre, by knight's service.

Slagham. The manor (extent given), held of the said earl, as of his castle of Lewes, by knight's service. The extent includes a chief messuage enclosed by a ditch and water, a park one league in circumference, with deer, and three woods called 'Colewode,' 'Betonwode' and 'Hoggeswode.'

He held no other lands &c. in the county of Sussex.

He died on 7 March last. Thomas his son, who will be 20 years of age on 19 April next, is his heir.

KENT. Inq. (indented) taken at Osprenge, 27 March, 43 Edward III.

Terlyngham. The manor (extent given).

Folkston. A moiety of the hundred.

Hastynglegh. The advowson of the church.

All held of the king in chief by knight's service, as of his castle of Dover, and by service of maintaining and repairing a moiety of a chapel and of a hall in the said castle whenever necessary, and by service of rendering to the king 2s. 6d. at the end of every 28 weeks for great ward of the castle, and 15d. at the end of every 28 weeks for little ward of the castle, and 10s. yearly for sheriff's aid for farm of the moiety of Folkston hundred. The extent of Terlyngham includes a several pasture called 'Northcroft.'

Newynton Bertram. The manor (extent given), held of the king in chief by service as above, as parcel of the manor of Terlyngham. The extent includes 100s. rent which the said Michael long since acquired to him and his heirs from Donald (Douenaldus) Sturmy and Isolda [de Bellehous], his wife, by a fine levied in the king's court, to be received of various tenants in Donemerssh and Newynton, which tenants with their services Donald and Isolda previously held of Michael, as of his manor of Terlyngham.

Westwode. The manor (extent given), held of the king in chief, as of the castle aforesaid, by knight's service and by service of rendering 3s. 4d. at the castle at the end of every 24 weeks.

Preston, Sheldwych, Faveresham and Herteye. 200a. arable, held in gavelkind of the abbot of Faversham, the prior of Christ Church, Canterbury, Nicholas de Loveigne, the archbishop of Canterbury and others; and 7a. meadow, worth only 6d. an acre because it is salt meadow, a spinney (spinet') of 16a., and 7l. 5s. rents, of the same tenure. Rents resolute of 63s. 7 3/4d. to the abbot of Faversham, and of 20s. 6 1/4d. to the various other lords as above.

Estwelle. The manor (extent given), and the advowson of the church thereof, held of the king in chief, as of the aforesaid castle, by knight's service, and by rendering to the king at the said castle 20s. yearly on 27 April. The extent includes the following rents, namely, 19 1/4d. of 'Romescot' and 16s. 1 3/4d. for ward of Dover castle.

Estwell. 40a. land in a field called 'Oterplay,' held of the lord de Say by knight's service; 5 marks yearly rent, held of the abbot of Battle, as of his manor of Asshmersfeld; and 2 marks yearly rent which he acquired from Thomas de Aldon, knight, to be received from the lands late of John Reynold in Westwell.

Estwell. 52a. land, held of Thomas de Aldon, knight; 7a. meadow, [held of the abbot of Battle]; and 4a. meadow, held of the abbot of St. Augustine; all held in gavelkind.

Thomas, whose age appears below, and Richard, who was 12 years of age on 3 July last, sons of the deceased, are his heirs to all the above lands &c. of gavelkind tenure.

Horsmondenne. The manor (extent given), with the advowson of the church thereof, held of the heir of William le Vaus, as of his manor of Chiksill, by knight's service.

The deceased held no other lands &c. in the county of Kent.

He died on 7 March, 43 Edward III. Thomas his son, who will be 20 years of age on 19 April next, is his heir.

C. Edw. III. File 212. (8.)

E. Enrolments &c. of Inq. No. 145. (4.) (Sussex.)

E. Enrolments &c. of Inq. No. 145. (5.) (Kent.)

E. Enrolments &c. of Inq. No. 150. (1.) (Norfolk.)


Michael married Joan before 1349. (Joan was born about 1319, died on 16 May 1369 22 and was buried in Holy Trinity Church, The Street, Poynings, West Sussex, BN45 7AQ, GB.)


Sources


1 J E E S Sharp and A E Stamp, <i>Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem </i> (London: n.p., n.d.), 8: 166-180; Michael his son, aged 22 years and more, is his next heir; Inquisition post mortem for Thomas de Poynings, father.

2 J E E S Sharp and A E Stamp, <i>Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem </i> (London: n.p., n.d.), 12: 380-392. .... Sir Leslie Stephen, Robert Blake, Christine Stephanie Nicholls, <i>Dictionary of National Biography</i> (London, The Macmillan Company: Smith, Elder, & Co , 1885-1900).

3 Sir Leslie Stephen, Robert Blake, Christine Stephanie Nicholls, <i>Dictionary of National Biography</i> (London, The Macmillan Company: Smith, Elder, & Co , 1885-1900).

4 Edward Hasted, <i>The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent</i>, 12 (Canterbury: W Bristow, 1799), 8: 282-303.

5 Edward Hasted, <i>The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent</i>, 12 (Canterbury: W Bristow, 1799), 8: 142-147.

6 Edward Hasted, <i>The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent</i>, 12 (Canterbury: W Bristow, 1799), 7: 238-244.

7 Edward Hasted, <i>The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent</i>, 12 (Canterbury: W Bristow, 1799), 6: 68-80.

8 Edward Hasted, <i>The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent</i>, 12 (Canterbury: W Bristow, 1799), 5: 280-294.

9 Edward Hasted, <i>The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent</i>, 12 (Canterbury: W Bristow, 1799), 7: 398-412.

10 Edward Hasted, <i>The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent</i>, 12 (Canterbury: W Bristow, 1799), 5: 311-322.

11 Edward Hasted, <i>The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent</i>, 12 (Canterbury: W Bristow, 1799), 5: 324-336.

12 Edward Hasted, <i>The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent</i>, 12 (Canterbury: W Bristow, 1799), 8: 63-78.

13 Edward Hasted, <i>The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent</i>, 12 (Canterbury: W Bristow, 1799), 8: 118-119.

14 Edward Hasted, <i>The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent</i>, 12 (Canterbury: W Bristow, 1799), 7: 384-398.

15 Edward Hasted, <i>The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent</i>, 12 (Canterbury: W Bristow, 1799), 4: 416-447.

16 Edward Hasted, <i>The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent</i>, 12 (Canterbury: W Bristow, 1799), 5: 415-445.

17 Edward Hasted, <i>The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent</i>, 12 (Canterbury: W Bristow, 1799), 6: 532-549.

18 J E E S Sharp and A E Stamp, <i>Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem </i> (London: n.p., n.d.), 8: 166-180.

19 J E E S Sharp and A E Stamp, <i>Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem </i> (London: n.p., n.d.), 9 Edward III: 309-328.

20 <i>A History of the County of Sussex</i>, 8 (London: Victoria County History, 1953), 7: 208-212.

21 J E E S Sharp and A E Stamp, <i>Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem </i> (London: n.p., n.d.), 12: 380-392.

22 J E E S Sharp and A E Stamp, <i>Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem </i> (London: n.p., n.d.), 12: 393-411.

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