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Luke de Poynings
(Bef 1231-Between 1293/1294)
Hawise
(Abt 1233-1299)
Hugh Bardolf 1st Baron Bardolf
(Bef 1259-Bef 1304)
Isabel de Aguillon
(Abt 1258/1262-Bef 1323)
Sir Michael de Poynings
(-1314)
Margaret Bardolf
(After 1286-Between 1333/1334)
Sir Thomas de Poynings
(Abt 1294-1339)

 

Family Links

Spouses/Children:
1. Agnes de Rokesle

Sir Thomas de Poynings

  • Born: Abt 1294
  • Marriage (1): Agnes de Rokesle about 1317
  • Died: 17 Oct 1339 aged about 45 1

   Cause of his death was killed in battle.

  General Notes:

SIR THOMAS DE POYNINGS, (son and) heir, was a knight in April 1315. In February 1322/3 he was preparing for service in Scotland under Earl de Warenne; and in March 1323/4 was going to Aquitaine with Edmund, Earl of Kent. In May 1324 he was summoned by proclamation to the Great Council at Westminster. He took part in the Dunstable tournament in 1333; was summoned against the Scots in 1335 and 1337, and in May 1336 was appointed one of the custodians of the ports and coasts of Surrey and Sussex against the Scots and their foreign allies. He was summoned in April 1337 to a council of prelates and magnates at Stamford, and in June following to a similar assembly at Westininster. He served with a retinue in the King's expedition to Flanders in 1338, and was in Antwerp in July 1339 (e).

He married, about 1317, Agnes (aged 22 and more in May 1321), younger daughter and coheir of Richard DE ROKESLEY, of Westwood (in Preston) and Ruxley, Kent, by Joan, heir of her brother Bertram DE CRIOL, and daughter of Bertram DE CRIOL (died 1295), by Eleanor, younger daughter and coheir of Maud D'AVRANCHES. He was killed, 10 October 1339, in an attack on the castle of Honnecourt, on the St. Quentin canal, arr. of Cambrai (g). His widow died some time before 22 December 1346, and was buried at Poynings.

(e) In Mar 1336/7 he was granted an annuity of 200 marks, till he could receive an equivalent in land, in recognition of his good services to the King's brother, John of Eltham, late Earl of Cornwall, and of his then engagement with the King--with the assent of Parliament.

(g) Idem (vol viii, no 231) (which dates his death 17 Oct, and gives his son's age as 22 and more in Nov 1339). On 14 Oct, the King, in consideration of Thomas's death in his service, and his affection for him, granted seisin and his marriage to his son Michael, though still a minor. Sir Thomas had younger sons (Thomas, John, Luke, and Richard - 3rd Lord Poynings).

[Complete Peerage X:659-60, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)]

  Noted events in his life were:

Manorial Estate: Berewick [Berwick] Manor, Lympne, Hythe, Kent, CT21, GB. 2 BEREWICK, now called Berwick, is a manor here, which lies about half a mile northward of Limne church, in the valley between it and Newin-green. It was given before the Norman conquest, by king Knute, to Eadsy, a priest, who in the year 1032 gave it to the monastery of Christ-church, in Canterbury. The copy of the grant of it may be seen in Somner's Roman Ports, a curious specimen of the manner of the donations of that time; among other revenues of the priory it was allotted to the archbishop, of whom it was afterwards held by knight's service, and continued so till after the Norman conquest. Accordingly it is entered in the record of Domesday, under that general title, as follows:

In Estraites hundred, Wills de Eddesham holds of the archbishop, Berewic as one manor. It was taxed at half a suling. The arable land is three carucates. In demesne there are two, and nine villeins, with nine borderers having one carucate and an half. There are eighteen acres of meadow, and wood for the pannage of twenty bogs. In the time of king Edward the Confessor it was worth sixty shillings, and afterwards twenty shillings, now seven pounds, and yet it yields eleven pounds.

After which this manor appears to have come into the possession of the family of Auberville, in which it remained till Joane, daughter and heir of William de Auberville, marrying Nicholas de Criol, entitled him to it as part of her inheritance. At length his descendant Bertram de Criol dying s. p. Joane his sister carried it in marriage to Sir Richard de Rokesle, whose daughter and coheir Joane, about the middle of king Edward II.'s reign, marrying Thomas de Poynings, he became in her right possessed of it, and in his descendants it continued down to Sir Edward Poynings, of Westenhanger, on whose death in the 14th year of king Henry VIII. without legitimate issue, and even without any collateral kindred, who could make claim to his estates, this manor, among the rest of them, escheated to the crown.

Manorial Estate: Criols Manor, Borden, Sittingbourne, Kent, ME10, GB. 3 CRIOLS, alias KYRIELLS, with an appendage to it, called Poyles, the very name of which has been long since forgotten, is a manor here, which in early times was in the possession of the eminent family of Criol, who fixed their name on it, as they did on other estates belonging to them in different parts of this county.

Bertram de Criol died possessed of it in the 23d year of king Edward I. anno 1294, whose son John de Criol dying in the 34th year of that reign, s. p. Joane his sister, married to Sir Richard de Rokesle, became his heir, and entitled her husband to this manor.

He left by her two daughters his coheirs, of whom Agnes, the eldest, married Thomas de Poynings, who in her right became possessed of it, and in his name and descendants it continued down to Sir Edward Poynings, governor of Dover-castle, and lord warden, and he died possessed of it in the 14th year of king Henry VIII. anno 1522, not only without legitimate issue, though he had several natural children, but without any collateral kindred, who could lay claim to his estates, so that this manor, among others, escheated to the crown.

Manorial Estate: Paddlesworth Manor, Folkestone, Kent, CT18, GB. 4 The manor or Padlesworth was antiently part of the estate of the great family of Criol, one of whom, Bertram de Criol, died possessed of it in the 23d year of king Edward I. whose two sons dying without issue, Joane their sister became possessed of this manor, with the rest of her brother's inheritance, which she carried in marriage to Sir Richard de Rokesle, who left his two daughters his coheirs, of whom Agnes, the eldest, married Thomas de Poynings, and entitled her husband to the possession of this manor. He died anno 13 Edward III. and in his descendants it continued down to Robert de Poynings, who lived in king Edward IV.'s reign, and was, as his several ancestors were, summoned to parliament among the barons of this realm, and he passed it away by sale to Sir Thomas Fogge, of Repton...

Manorial Estate: Mottenden Manor, Hedcorne [Headcorn], Ashford, Kent, TN27, GB. 5 MOTTENDEN, or more truly Modinden, is a manor situated in the northern part of this parish, which with the estate belonging to it, called Great and Little Mottenden, antiently belonged to the family of Rokesle; one of whom, Sir Richard de Rokesle, in the year 1224, anno 9 Henry III. founded a priory on this manor, for friars of the order of the holy trinity, commonly called Trinitarians, being the first house of this order in England. Their rule was that of St. Austin, with some peculiar constitutions. Their habit, a white gown, with a red and blue cross on their breasts; their revenues were divided, one part for their support and maintenance, another to relieve the poor, and a third to redeem such Christians as should be taken captives by the insidels. To this priory the founder at the same time gave this manor; and there were from time to time several pardons and indulgencies granted by the succeeding popes to the benefactors of it, which increased both the reputation and revenues of it.

[...] This manor, with the scite of the priory and lands belonging to it, did not after this long remain in the hands of the crown; for the king granted them in his 30th year to Thomas, lord Cromwell, who was the next year created earl of Essex.

[Have assumed that this manor was handed down as per the other Rokesley manors.]

Manorial Estate: Criols Manor, Brenchley, Tonbridge, Kent, TN12, GB. 6 CRIOLS is another manor here, lying about a mile and a half south west from Brenchley village, which in the reign of king Henry III. was in the possession of the eminent family of Criol, in which reign Bertram de. Criol held it, as half a knight's fee, of Alicia de Waltham, as she again did of the earl of Gloucester. He resided, at Ostenhanger, in this county, which seat he rebuilt, and being much in the king's favor, among other offices of trust, was made sheriff of Kent in the 16th and 26th years of that reign, and had the custody of the castles of Dover and Rochester committed to him. His great grandson, John de Criol, died in the 34th year of king Edward the 1st.'s reign, leaving Joane his sister his next heir, married to Sir Richard de Rokesle, who in her right inherited this manor. His eldest daughter and coheir Agnes, married Thomas de Poynings, and intitled him to this manor, in whose name and descendants it continued down to Sir Edward Poynings, a man much in favor with king Henry VII. and VIII. being governor of Dover-castle, lordwarden of the cinque ports, and knight of the garter, and he died possessed of it in the 14th year of the latter reign, anno 1522, not only without legitimate issue, but without any collateral kindred, who could make claim to his estates.

Manorial Estate: Capell Manor, Tonbridge, Kent, TN12, GB. 7 THE MANOR OF CAPELL, called likewise the manor of St. Mary le Merge, was antiently part of the possessions of Nigell de Muneville, whose descendant William de Muneville leaving an only daughter and heir, she carried it in marriage to William de Albrincis, or Averenches, whose son, of the sams name, leaving likewise an only daughter and heir Matilda, she entitled her husband Hamo de Crevequer to it. He left four daughters, of whom Elene, married to Bertram de Crioll, on the partition of their inheritance, entitled her husband to this manor, and he died possessed of it in the 23d year of Edward I. leaving two sons John and Bertram, who both died s.p. and a daughter Joane, who upon the death of the latter became his heir, and carried this manor, among the rest of her inheritance, in marriage to Sir Richard de Rokesle, whose eldest daughter and coheir Agnes entitled her husband Thomas de Poynings to the possession of it; in whose descendants it continued down to Sir Edward Poynings, of Westenhanger, governor of Dover castle and lord warden, who in the 12th year of king Henry the VIII.th's reign gave it in marriage with Mary, one of his natural daughters, to Thomas Fynes, lord Clinton and Saye, to whom this manor was confirmed in the 30th year of it.

Manorial Estate: Ostenhanger Manor, Stanford, Ashford, Kent, TN25, GB. 8 WESTENHANGER is an eminent manor here, which was once a parish of itself, though now united to Stanford: Its antient and more proper name, as appears by the register of the monastery of St. Angustine, was Le Hangre, yet I find it called likewise in records as high as the reign of Richard I. by the names both of Ostenhanger and Westenhanger, which certainly arose from its having been divided, and in the hands of separate owners, being possessed by the two eminent families of Criol and Auberville. Bertram de Criol, who was constable of Dover castle, lord warden of the five ports, and sheriff of Kent, for several years in the reign of king Henry III. who from his great possessions in this country, was usually stiled the great lord of Kent, is written in the pipe-rolls of the 27th year of that reign, of Ostenhanger, where it is said he rebuilt great part of the then antient mansion. He left two sons, Nicholas and John, the former of whom marrying with Joane, daughter and heir of Sir William de Aubervilse, inherited in her right the other part of this manor, called Westenhanger, as will be further mentioned hereafter. John, the younger son, seems to have inherited his father's share of this manor, called Ostenhanger, of which he died possessed in the 48th year of king Henry III. as did his son Bertram de Criol in the 23d year of Edward I. leaving two sons, John and Bertram, who both died s.p. and a daughter Joane, who upon the death of the latter became his heir, and carried Ostenhanger, among the rest of her inheritance, in marriage to Sir Richard de Rokesle, seneschal and governor of Poictu and Montreul in Picardy, a man of eminent character in that time, having been created a knight-banneret by king Edward I. at the siege of Carlaverock, in Scotland. He died without issue male, leaving his two daughters his coheirs, of whom Agnes, the eldest, married Thomas de Poynings; and Joane, the youngest, first Hugh de Pateshall, and secondly Sir William le Baud, and upon the division of their inheritance, Ostenhanger was wholly allotted to Thomas de Poynings, who died anno 13 Edward III. bearing for his arms, Barry of six, or, and vert, over all a bend, gules. He left three sons, Nicholas, Michael, and Lucas de Poynings, all three summoned at different times to parliament, among the barons of this realm. The descendants of the latter being summoned as barons Poynings de St. John, which barony became vested in the late duke of Bolton. Upon the division of their inheritance, this manor was allotted to the second son Michael, who died anno 43 king Edward III. and left two sons, Thomas and Richard. Thomas de Poynings, the eldest son, possessed it on his father's death, but he died anno 49 Edward III. s.p. having bequeathed his body to be buried in the midst of the choir of St. Radigund's, of his own patronage, before the high altar, appointing that a fair tomb should be placed over his grave, with the image of a knight made thereon. Upon his death, Richard de Poynings, his youngest brother, succeeded to it, and died possessed of it in the IIth year of king Richard II. as did his son Robert anno 25 Henry VI. having had two sons, Richard de Poynings, who died in his life-time, leaving a sole daughter and heir Alianore, who married Sir Henry Percy, afterwards earl of Northumberland...

Manorial Estate: Criols Court, Shadoxhurst, Ashford, Kent, TN26, GB. 9 CRIOLS-COURT, now usually called Crayals, is an estate in this parish, which was once the patrimony of the eminent family of Criol, and was one of the several seates of theirs in this county, which took their name from them. Bertram de Criol died possessed of it in the 23d year of king Edward I. and his son John dying in the 34th year of that reign s. p. left Joane his sister his next heir, then married to Sir Richard de Rokesle. His eldest daughter and coheir Agnes, married Thomas de Poynings, and by it entitled that family to this among the great inheritance which devolved to her in right of her mother; and in their descendants this estate continued down to Sir Edward Poynings, a man much in favour with king Henry VII. and VIII. under both of whom he enjoyed many important offices of trust and honor.

Manorial Estate: Seaton Manor, Boughton Aluph, Ashford, Kent, TN25, GB. 10 SEATON is a small manor in this parish, which was held by knight's service in grand sergeantry, to provide one man, called a vautrer, to lead three greyhounds when the king should go into Gascony, until he had worn out a pair of shoes of the price of four-pence, bought at the king's cost; by which service John de Criol, younger son of Bertram, held it at his death in the 48th year of king Henry III. whose grand-daughter Joane becoming heir to her brother's inheritance, who died s. p. she carried this manor in marriage to Sir Richard de Rokesle, who was found to hold it by the like service, in the 11th year of king Edward II. His eldest daughter and coheir Agnes married Thomas de Poynings, and entitled him to the possession of it. In whose descendants it continued till Alianore, daughter of Richard de Poynings, marrying Henry, lord Percy, eldest son of Henry, earl of Northamberland, he, in her right, became entitled to this manor among her other great inheritance in this county and elsewhere.

Manorial Estate: Westwood Manor, Preston-next-Faversham, Kent, ME13, GB. 11 WESTWOOD is an eminent manor in the south-east part of this parish, which was antiently part of the possessions of the family of Rokesle, by whom it was held of the barony of Crevequer, by the tenure of performing ward to Dover castle. In the reign of Edward II. Sir Richard de Rokesle became by inheritance the owner of it, holding it by knight's services of the before mentioned barony. He died without male issue, leaving by Joane, sister and heir of John de Criol, two daughters his coheirs, of whom Agnes, the eldest, married to Thomas de Poynings, seems to have entitled her husband to it, who in the 2d year of Edward III. obtained a charter of free warren for all his demesne lands in this manor of Westwood among others.

In his descendants it continued down to Robert de Poynings, who died in the 25th year of king Henry VI. He had two sons, of whom Richard, the eldest, died in his life-time, leaving a daughter Eleanor, married to Sir Henry Percy, afterwards earl of Northumberland, and Robert de Poynings, the younger son, became entitled to this manor, and was succeeded in it by his son and heir Sir Edward Poynings, who was much in favor with king Henry VII. and VIII. being lord warden of the five ports, and knight of the garter. He died in the 14th year of the latter reign, 1522, not only without legitimate issue, but without any collateral kindred, who could make claim to his estates, so that this manor, among his other estates, escheated to the crown, and was afterwards granted to Thomas Cromwell, earl of Essex.

Manorial Estate: Tottington Manor, Aylesford, Kent, ME20, GB. 12 TOTTINGTON, or TOTTENDEN, as it is called in the rolls of Aylesford manor, lies about half a mile north-eastward from the priory of Aylesford. In the reign of William the Conqueror it was part of the possessions of Odo, the great bishop of Baieux, and half brother to the king; and accordingly it is thus entered under the general title of that prelate's lands, in the survey of Domesday, taken about 1080.

Robert Latin holds to ferm of the king Tontintune, of the new gift of the bishop of Baieux. It was taxed at half a suling. The arable land is one carucate and a half. In demesne there is one, and three villeins, with nine borderers, having half a carucate. There are four servants and five acres of meadow. Wood for the pannage of two hogs. In the time of king Edward the Confessor it was worth 30 shillings, when he received it 20 shillings, now 40 shillings. Ulnod held it of king Edward.

The same Robert holds in Totintune to ferm of the king one yoke, and that is of the new gift of the bishop of Baieux, and there is nothing except two acres of meadow. It is and was worth separately 10 shillings. Godnin held it of king Edward.

Soon after this the manor of Tottington was become the property of Malgerius de Rokesle, so called from his possessions at Rokesle, in this county, and his son Richard gave the whole tithe of his land, in Totintune to the monks of St. Andrew's, in Rochester, on condition, that he and his wife and son should receive the benefit of the prayers of that society; in whose descendants this manor continued the same as that of Rokesle before described, till at length it came into the possession of Robert de Poynings, who died in the 25th year of king Henry VI. anno 1446, possessed likewise of the advowson of the free chapel of St. Stephen in it, founded by his father, Richard de Poynings, both being held of the king, as of his castle of Leeds, which was of the barony of Crevequer, by knight service. He gave it to Tho. Palmer, esq. of the Court lodge, in Snodland, who had married his only daughter, and was grandson of Thomas, of Snodland, who married the daughter of Fitz Simon.

Inquisition: Indenture of partition of lands, 20 Jul 1323. 13 521. RICHARD DE ROKESLE and JOAN DE ROKESLE, sometime his wife.

Indenture of partition of lands &c., knights' fees, and advowsons of churches, which were of the said Richard and Joan, deceased, made in the king's chancery with the consent of Walter de Pateshill and Joan his wife, elder daughter and heir of the said Richard and Joan, and Thomas de Ponyngg' and Agnes his wife, younger daughter and heir of the same: pourparty assigned to the said Thomas and Agnes, 20 July, 17 Edward II, and enrolled in the Roll of Fines (defaced).

KENT.

Terlingham manor. The hall, chapel, lands &c. (extent given with field names and names of tenants) including a moiety of the wood of Reyndon, 14l. 13s. 11 3/4d. rents, saving a moiety of the rents in Schaddred, and rents in Alkham.

Hastingleye. The advowson of the church, with the glebe &c.

Westwode. The manor, with the advowson of the free chapel there.

Canterbury City. A messuage &c.

Codham and Chelsham. 40s. rent receivable from Walter de Huntingfeld from a tenement called Jorieslond.

Cherringg. 24s. rent receivable from William de Newent near Cherringg.

The (sums due for the) guard of the castle of Dover and for Romescot of the church of Folkstan, are to be equally paid by both parties; and the profits of the half hundred of Folkstan, wrecks, and anything herein omitted, and any reversions which may happen, are to be equally divided; and it was agreed that certain lands &c., which after the death of the said Richard, who predeceased the said Joan, were delivered to the said heirs, should be resumed into the king's hand, and (with) the other lands now in the king's hand by the death of the said Joan, be delivered to the heirs according to the tenor of these pourparties.

(See Nos. 273 and 424.)

C. Edw. II. File 86. (3.)

Manorial Estate, 1339, Poynings Manor, Steyning, West Sussex, BN45, GB. 14 The manor of POYNINGS was probably identical with 8 hides held in 1086 of William de Warenne by William son of Rainald, who may be identified with Rainald de Poynings son of Reiner.

[...] Adam de Poynings and his wife Beatrice were holding land at Poynings about 1140. They had a son Adam. In 1242-3 Thomas de Poynings held Poynings and its members as 10 knights' fees, and was succeeded by his son Luke, who was holding Poynings in 1284-5, and died in 1294. Michael son and heir of Luke died in 1316, in which year his widow Margery was holding Poynings. In 1339 Thomas, Michael's heir and first holder of the barony of Poynings, created in 1337, died seised of the manor, which descended to his son Michael, who died in March 1369. His widow Joan held the manor as dower till her death a few months later, and it passed subsequently to her son Thomas who died in 1375 having settled the manor on his wife Blanche for life. It does not, however, appear among her possessions at her death in 1409. Thomas's heir was his young brother Richard, who held the manor until 1387. His widow Isabel held as her dower until her death in 1394. Richard's son Robert died in 1446, and since his only son Richard had died in 1430, the manor passed to Richard's daughter Eleanor, wife of Henry Percy son and heir of Henry Percy, Earl of Northumberland. Subsequently the lordship of Poynings became merged in the earldom of Northumberland.

Inquisition, 25 Oct 1339. 1 231. THOMAS DE PONYNGES.

Writ, 25 October, 13 Edward III.

KENT. Inq. 12 November, 13 Edward III.

Terlyngeham. A moiety of the manor, with a moiety of the hundred of Falkstan (extent given), held of the king in chief by service of a sixteenth part of a knight's fee, as of the crown of England; and from the pleas and perquisites of the said hundred (-court) are due to the king, for the ward of the castle of Dover, 7s. yearly, and by the hands of the sheriff of Kent 10s. yearly.

Westwode. The manor (extent given), held for his life of the castle of Ledes by service of a knight's fee and suit of court every three weeks; the reversion whereof belongs to Michael his son, and the heirs of his body, by a fine levied in the king's court, and there are of rents resolute viz.'9763s. 2 1/2d. to the abbot of Faveresham, 14s. to the prior of Christ Church, Canterbury, and 4s. 10d. to divers other lords.

He died on 17 October in the year abovesaid. Michael his son, aged 22 years and more, is his next heir.

SUSSEX. Inq. 9 November, 13 Edward III.

Slagham. The manor (extent given), with the advowson of the church and a park, held of the earl of Warenne by service of doing a perch of the fencing of the park of Kokefelde.

Date of death as above. Heir as above, aged 21 years and more.

SUSSEX. Inq. 11 November, 13 Edward III.

Pengedene. The manor (extent given) held of the earl of Warenne by service of enclosing two furlongs about the said earl's park of Dychenynge, and half a furlong about the park of Cukkefeld.

Preston. The manor (extent given) held of the heir of John de Sencler by knight's service.

Date of death and heir as first above.

SUSSEX. Inq. 10 November, 13 Edward III.

Ponynges. The manor (extent given), with the advowsons of the church and a park, held of the earl of Warenne by knight's service.

Hangelton. The manor (extent given), including a pasture called Shepelese, and rents called 'eggyngselver,' 'ocsegheld' and 'saltgheld,' held of the earl of Warenne by knight's service.

Twynem. The manor (full extent given), including a park, held of the earl of Warenne by service of a pair of gilt spurs, or 6d.

Date of death and heir as first above.

ESSEX. Inq. 17 November, 13 Edward III.

Wythermundeford. The manor (extent given) held of the heir of Sir Richard de Plays, knight, a minor and in the king's wardship, by service of a quarter of a knight's fee.

Heir as above, aged 22 years.

SUFFOLK. Inq. 18 November, 13 Edward III.

Wrantham. The manor (extent given), including a park, held of the earl of Warenne by knight's service.

Thanys. The manor (extent given), with a certain messuage called Smalbrigge, and a park, held of Andrew de Bures by knight's service.

Heir as above, aged 22 years and more.

C. Edw. III. File 60. (6.)


Thomas married Agnes de Rokesle, daughter of Richard de Rokesle and Joan de Criel, about 1317. (Agnes de Rokesle was born before 3 Nov 1299 15 and died before 22 Dec 1346.)


Sources


1 J E E S Sharp and A E Stamp, <i>Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem </i> (London: n.p., n.d.), 8: 166-180.

2 Edward Hasted, <i>The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent</i>, 12 (Canterbury: W Bristow, 1799), 8: 282-303.

3 Edward Hasted, <i>The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent</i>, 12 (Canterbury: W Bristow, 1799), 6: 68-80.

4 Edward Hasted, <i>The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent</i>, 12 (Canterbury: W Bristow, 1799), 8: 118-119.

5 Edward Hasted, <i>The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent</i>, 12 (Canterbury: W Bristow, 1799), 5: 324-336.

6 Edward Hasted, <i>The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent</i>, 12 (Canterbury: W Bristow, 1799), 5: 280-294.

7 Edward Hasted, <i>The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent</i>, 12 (Canterbury: W Bristow, 1799), 8: 142-147.

8 Edward Hasted, <i>The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent</i>, 12 (Canterbury: W Bristow, 1799), 8: 63-78.

9 Edward Hasted, <i>The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent</i>, 12 (Canterbury: W Bristow, 1799), 7: 238-244.

10 Edward Hasted, <i>The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent</i>, 12 (Canterbury: W Bristow, 1799), 7: 384-398.

11 Edward Hasted, <i>The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent</i>, 12 (Canterbury: W Bristow, 1799), 6: 532-549.

12 Edward Hasted, <i>The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent</i>, 12 (Canterbury: W Bristow, 1799), 4: 416-447.

13 J E E S Sharp and A E Stamp, <i>Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem </i> (London: n.p., n.d.), 6 Edward II: 341-347.

14 <i>A History of the County of Sussex</i>, 8 (London: Victoria County History, 1953), 7: 208-212.

15 J E E S Sharp and A E Stamp, <i>Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem </i> (London: n.p., n.d.), 6: 242-252.

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