Sir Richard Waleys of Glynde, Sussex


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Sir Richard Waleys of Glynde, Sussex 1

  • Marriage (1): Unknown

   Another name for Richard was Richard Wallis.

  General Notes:

The first-known lord of Glynde was Richard Waleys I, who was holding four knights fees of the Archbishop of Canterbury at Glynde and Buxted in Sussex, Thanington and Lossenham in Kent according to a late twelfth century list of knights of the archbishop. Waleys (Walensis) was a common name meaning 'of Wales' or simply 'foreign' and it will be appreciated that in the century after the Norman Conquest it would be hazardous to attempt a pedigree on surname evidence alone. Richard's father may have been the Robert Waleys who witnessed a notification to the barons of Kent in 1161-8, paid 40s. with Ralph, the clerk, for the lands of his brother William to the Sheriff of Kent in 1163-4, and owned land in Little Horsted in c. 1170. The first mention of Richard Waleys I is on the Sussex portion of the Pipe Roll, 1178-9, for the payment of 10 marks for his right to I fee in Torinton (? Taninton, i.e., Thanington, Kent). Richard married a certain Denise, who is called 'the heiress of the Lord Glynde' in the old family pedigree. This old tradition that Glynde was inherited through an heiress may be based on fact in spite of the unreliability of the pedigrees, which all postdate Richard and Denise to the end of the thirteenth century.
There are good reasons for supposing that the lords of Glynde before the Waleys were descended from one Godfrey of Malling, of whom Domesday Book records that he had previously held the manor of South Malling to farm for 90 pounds and was still holding a hide worth 50 shillings of the archbishop in the same manor (this may have been in Glynde which was in the Archbishop's peculiar of South Malling and is not mentioned elsewhere in Domesday Book). The Domesday Monachorum of Christchurch, Canterbury, notes that Godfrey of Malling held 3 fees of the archbishop. Professor Douglas has doubted whether Godfrey of Malling was identical with a Godfrey the dapifer holding land at Thanington, just outside Canterbury, but in view of the possession of the manor of Thanington and property in the peculiar of South Malling by the Waleys it may well be that the two Godfreys were one person, the ancestor of the heiress Denise. The popularity of Godfrey as a Christian name for Waleys men favours this argument.
Denise remarried Ralph Ardern and in 1209/10 they conveyed by fine the manors of Glynde, [West] Tarring and Patching in Sussex, Thanington and Newenden in Kent, which Denise held by grant of Archbishop Hubert Walter (d. 1205) possibly as her dower, to Denise's son Godfrey Waleys I, in exchange for a life interest in Patching for Ralph. Sir Godfrey Waleys I was credited with service of 1 knights' fees for West Tarring, one of the archbishop's Sussex manors, in 1210-12; by 1233 he was farming the manor for an annual render of 181i. in money or in food dues when the archbishop stayed at his mansion of West Tarring. About this time he appears as witness to several St. Pancras Priory deeds and in one is called 'the steward of the hall of Lewes.' Archbishop Edmund Rich deprived Godfrey of the manor for making default in rent but restored it in 1237 on payment over four years of 80, which the Archbishop graciously deposited with the Prior of Lewes to provide marriage portions for Godfrey's four daughters. His grandson Richard Waleys II was forced to relinquish the manor in 1276 for wronging the tenants and spending only 61i. 17s. 5d. on food for dues on one of Archbishop Robert Kilwardby's visits. The suit made a great stir in the county and 'all the knights and free tenants of Sussex were challenged on one side or the other.' Richard was obliged to quitclaim his right of chase in the archbishop's manors of South Malling and Mayfield.
In 1235 Sir Godfrey Waleys I was nominated a collector of the lay aid granted on the marriage of Isabella, the daughter of Henry III, with the Emperor Frederick II. When the money was rendered at the Exchequer in 1237 Godfrey was dead and his son Godfrey was represented by H[ugh] de Albeigny who held him in ward. Sir Godfrey Waleys II married Joan, the daughter of Robert le Sauvage. In a case recorded on the Assize Roll for 52 Henry III (1267-8) it was stated that Godfrey had died about a year before, leaving a son Richard and a daughter Agnes de Baddebyr. His widow Joan had then come to Shipley in Sussex and given Agnes seisin, but the same evening Richard, son of Godfrey, came and turned her out so the seisin was not effective. In 1271 Joan Waleys levied a fine with Agnes de Baddebyr of the manor of Goringlee in Sussex. Sir Richard II compensated for his loss of West Tarring by buying lands at Carleham, Hawkesden and Baynden in Mayfield and he did homage to the archbishop for lands in Mayfield in 1279. His estates now included woodland at Mayfield, down at Patching, and down, arable, and brookland at Glynde. In Kent, Thanington lay near the west gate of Canterbury while at Newenden and Lossenham, a small port in the lower Rother valley, Sir Richard commanded the road from London to Rye, and the heavy tolls he exacted at Newenden bridge were much resented by the men of Rye, who in revenge distrained on his tenants in 1281. Sir Richard married Joan, daughter of Thomas Gates of Newenden, and had two sons Richard and Godfrey. His widow had remarried Robert de Sevaunz (or Septvans) by 1294 without royal licence.
Sir Richard Waleys III was enrolled for the defence of the realm in 1296, and in 1297, 1298 and 1301 he was summoned to fight in Edward l's Scots War. Meanwhile his brother Godfrey was living at Thanington and taking the profits there and at Lossenham to his own use. On his brother's death without issue Sir Godfrey inherited and on 13 October 1303 rendered homage to the archbishop for 3 knights fees at Glynde, Buxted, Thanington and Lossenham. He too fought against the Scots in the Bannockburn campaign in 1314 and in 1324 he was summoned to the Great Council in Westminster. The facts of Sir Godfrey's two marriages were bitterly disputed by his descendants in a fifteenth century law suit and it is still impossible to verify this part of the Waleys pedigree. The supporters of William Waleys III believed that Sir Godfrey's sons John, William, Thomas and Godfrey were children of his first marriage with the daughter of Sir Herre [Henry] Tregoz, and that Sir Godfrey remarried in 1305 Joan, the daughter of Sir John Bassingbourn, by whom he had no children. The four co-heiresses and their husbands on the other hand claimed descent from Joan Bassingbourn in order to inherit under the entail of 1305 It was alleged by the first party that Sir John Waleys must have been the son of Godfrey's first marriage and born before 1305 as he was a hundred years old when he died in 1375 'as yt ys welknowen to gret partie of the schyre of Sussex.' This reckoning was based Waleys III, son of William Waleys II, brother of John Waleys II. This William is called the Idiot in the family pedigree.
Robert, [5th] Baron Poynings appears to have had the wardship of William the idiot (wronGLY/called John in MS. 8) and to have occupied the manor of Glynde by agreement with Henry Chichele, Archbishop of Canterbury. As a natural idiot one would have expected William to have been in the king's wardship. The four daughters and their husbands disputed the tile of William Waleys III and the dispute was put to the arbitration of William Chaunterell, serjeant-at-law, and Alexander Anne, recorder of the City of London. In their award of 22 Nov. 1436 the arbiters found for the four daughters, and Lord Poynings was ordered to surrender the manor; William Waleys was disseised on 12 Dec. 1436.

Richard married.


1 William Berry, <i>Pedigrees of the Families in the County of Sussex</i>, 1 (London: Sherwood, Gilbert and Piper, 1830), 321.

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