Eleanor
(-1349)

 

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Spouses/Children:
1. John de Criel
2. Edmund Gaselyn

Eleanor

  • Marriage (1): John de Criel
  • Marriage (2): Edmund Gaselyn after 1305
  • Died: 17 Jan 1349 1

  Noted events in her life were:

• Manorial Estate, 1295-1305, Eastwell Manor, Ashford, Kent, TN25, GB. 2 At the time of taking the general survey of Domesday, in the 15th year of the Conqueror's reign, this place was part of the possessions of Hugo de Montfort, under the general title of whose lands it is thus entered in it:

Hugo de Montfort holds one manor, Estwelle, which Frederic held of king Edward. It was taxed at one suling. There are three yokes within the division of Hugo, and the fourth yoke is without, and is of the fee of the bishop of Baieux. The arable land is three carucates in the whole. In demesne there are two carucates, and five villeins, and five borderers having one carucate and an half. There are ten servants, and twelve acres of meadow, and a wood. In the time of king Edward the Confessor, it was worth seventy shillings, and afterwards thirty shillings, now seventy shillings.

And the following entries in the same record, under the general title of the bishop of Baieux's lands, seem to relate to his possessions in this parish:

Ralph de Curbespine holds of the bishop Essewelle. It was taxed at three sulings. The arable land is . . . . . In demesne there are three carucates, and one villein, with seven borderers having half a carucate. There is one servant. It is worth six pounds. Molleue held it of king Edward.

The other entry is thus: Osbern holds of the bishop one manor, which three free tenants held of king Edward. It was taxed at one suling and an half. The arable land is . . . . In demesne there is one carucate, and one villein, with one borderer having half a caruacate. In the time of king Edward it was, and is now worth four pounds.

Hugo de Montfort, before-mentioned, had accompanied the Conqueror in his expedition hither, and after the battle of Hastings was rewarded for his services with many lordships in different counties, and among them with this of Eastwell. Robert, his grandson, was general of king William Rufus's army; but favouring the title of Robert Curthose, in opposition to king Henry I. to avoid being called in question upon that account, obtained leave to go on a pilgrimage to Jerusalem, leaving his possessions to the king, by which means this manor came into the hands of the crown, of which it was afterwards held by a family who took their surname from it; one of whom, Matilda de Estwelles, held this manor, with the advowson of the church of it, of the king in capite, at her death in the 52d year of king Henry III. Soon after which it seems to have come into the possession of the family of Criol; for Bertram, son of John de Criol, died possessed of it in the 23d year of king Edward I. holding it in the like manner, and by ward to Dover castle, being part of those lands which made up the barony, called the Constabularie. He left two sons, John and Bertram, and a daughter Joane, who afterwards married Sir Richard de Rokesle. Both these sons died s.p. the former of them left his wife Alianor surviving, who entitled her second husband Edmund Gaselyn to this manor for her life, and she died possessed of it in the 23d year of king Edward III. upon which this manor descended to Agnes and Joane, the two daughters and coheirs of Joane her late husband's sister before-mentioned, by Sir Richard de Rokesley; and upon the division of their inheritance, the manor of Eastwell was allotted to Agnes the eldest, who entitled Thomas de Poynings her husband to it; and in his descendants this manor, with the advowson of the church, continued down to Robert de Poynings, who died possessed of it in the 25th year of king Henry VI. leaving Alianore, his grand-daughter, wife of Henry, lord Percy, eldest son of Henry, earl of Northumberland, his next heir; who in the 27th year of it had summons to parliament among the barons of this realm, as lord Poynings.

• Inquisition: Post mortem, 10 Feb 1349. 1 421. ELEANOR, LATE THE WIFE OF JOHN SON OF BERTRAM DE CRYEL.

Writ, 10 February, 23 Edward III. KENT. Inq. taken at Estwelle, 2 March, 23 Edward III.

Estwelle. The manor, with the advowson of the church, held for life of the king in chief by service of 1 3/4 knights' fees.

Seint Maricherche in the marsh of Romene. Sixty acres of land in a place called Shyngledehalle held for life of the king in chief by service of a quarter of a knight's fee.

Esshemersfeld. The manor, held for life of the heirs of Giles de Badelesmere in chief by service of a moiety of a knight's fee.

She died on 17 January last. The reversion of the premises belongs to Joan, late the wife of William Baud, knight, and to Michael de Ponnynges, knight, son and heir of Agnes sister of the said Joan, as heirs of the said John son of Bertram de Cryel, uncle of Joan and Agnes. The said Joan and Michael are 21 years of age and more.

Writ of certiorari de feodis, &c., 13 February, 23 Edward III.

KENT. Extent taken at Estwelle, 2 March, 23 Edward III. She held no knights' fees or advowsons of churches in the county of the king in chief, but she held for life the manor of Estwelle, to which belongs the advowson of the church. Writ to the escheator to deliver to the said Michael and Joan their pourparties, 14 March, 23 Edward III. By p.s. (See Fine Roll 149, m. 24.)

Endorsed division of pourparties. (See Calendar of Close Rolls, p. 140.)

C. Edw. III. File 104. (22.)

E. Inq. p.m. File 10. (20.)


Eleanor married John de Criel, son of Bertrand de Criel and Eleanor de Crèvecœur. (John de Criel was born about 1261 3 and died about 1305 4.)


Eleanor next married Edmund Gaselyn after 1305. (Edmund Gaselyn died before 17 Jan 1349.)


Sources


1 J E E S Sharp and A E Stamp, <i>Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem </i> (London: n.p., n.d.), 9 Edward III: 309-328.

2 Edward Hasted, <i>The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent</i>, 12 (Canterbury: W Bristow, 1799), 7: 398-412.

3 J E E S Sharp and A E Stamp, <i>Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem </i> (London: n.p., n.d.), 3 Edward I: 159-173.

4 Edward Hasted, <i>The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent</i>, 12 (Canterbury: W Bristow, 1799), 7: 238-244.

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