Sir Thomas Lewknor
- Born: Bef 8 Sep 1392 2
- Marriage (1): Elizabeth Carew
- Marriage (2): Phillippa Dalyngrudge after 6 Aug 1412 1
- Marriage (3): Elizabeth Echingham after 1420
- Died: 1452
SIR THOMAS LEWKNOR, aforesaid of Bradhurst, co Sussex & co who had previously in 5th Hen IV been found heir, through his grandmother Joane D'Oyly to the extensive estates of the Tregoze family at Goring, co Sussex, and elsewhere in that county, on the death of John Tregoze of Goring, son of Sir Henry Tregoze, Knt: on which occasion the jury returned that "Thomas Lewknor was the cousin and heir of the deceased (being the son of Roger, the son of Joan, the daughter of Margaret D'Oyly, sister of Sir Henry Tregoze) and that the said Thomas was 12 years of age. [Esch 5 Hen IV John Tregoze]. Sir Thomas thus acquired many numerous estates in Sussex; moved his seat to Goring; was knight of the shire for Sussex in 1 Hen VI (1423) and was thrice* married. His first wife was Elizabeth, daughter of his maternal kinsman and guardian Nicholas Carew of Beddington, co. Surrey (ancestor of the Baronets Carew of Beddington) by Mary his wife. She died s.p. Sept 1410 and was buried in Beddington church [Manning's Surrey, II 523-9]. He married secondly Philippa, relict of Sir Richard Berners, daughter and, by death s.p. of her brother Richard Dalyngrigge, sole heiress of Walter Dalyngrigge, son of Sir Roger Dalyngrigge of Bodiam Castle, co. Sussex, and cousin and heiress of Sir John Dalyngrigge, Knt.
[Bayley goes on to say that Thomas Lewknor's third wife was Catherine Pelham, but on my copy he has realised his mistake and crossed it out. In his handwriting he has added "this relates to his grandson" and "his third wife was Elizabeth Echingham"] *
[Account of the House of D'Oyly, William Bayley, 1845.p.95]
* Why is Philippa referred to as Thomas's widow in her IPM?
Noted events in his life were:
• Inquisition: Post mortem, 8 Sep 1404. 3 933 JOHN TREYGOS
Writ 8 Sept. 1404.
KENT. Inquisition. West Malling. 10 March 1405. Long before he died he granted the manor of Boxley by his deed to Nicholas de Carreu, John Asshurst and John Blachemerden, clerk, their heirs and assigns. They still hold it in peaceful seisin, and he only had it by their licence and at their will.
He died on 24 Aug. last. Thomas Leukenore is next heir of blood, being the son of Roger Leukenore, son of Joan, daughter of Margaret Doyle, sister of Henry Treygos, father of John. He is aged 12 years and more, and by right of inheritance the manor would descend to him.
934 Writ 8 Sept. 1404.
SUSSEX. Inquisition. Angmering. 3 Jan. 1405.
Long before he died he recognised by a fine [CP 25(1) 240/80, no. 13] that the manors of Goring, Preston, Dedisham, Barkham, Parham, Walderton, Wiggenholt, Greatham and Cootham were the right of Nicholas de Carreu, John Estephenes, Thomas Harlyng, clerk, William Pymour, clerk, Thomas Suthtoune, clerk, Thomas Lyttewynne and the heirs of Thomas Lyttewynne. Thomas Lyttewynne by his deed released his rights to the others. William Pymour died. The survivors assigned to Alice widow of Edward Tregos the manors of Preston, Barkham, Wiggenholt and Parham, and 20s. rent from Goring, for life in dower; and she was given seisin by Thomas Asshehurst in accordance with their letters to him [CCR 1399'961402, p.298]. So she has held these manors until the present time.
John Tregos after this assignment and livery of seisin to Alice, by the licence and will of Nicholas Carreu, John Estephenes, Thomas Harlyng and Thomas Suthtoune, entered the manors of Goring, Dedisham, Greatham, Walderton and Cootham, the possession of which they confirmed by their deed to John Tregos, his heirs and assigns.
Afterwards by his deed John Tregos granted to Nicholas de Carreu, John Asshurst and John Black the manors of Goring, Dedisham, Greatham, and Walderton and certain lands and tenements … by the name of 'Wyntric' with their appurtenances to them, their heirs and assigns. So they were seised of them and still hold in peaceful seisin, without … John Tregos … [several lines illegible].
Date of death and heir as above.
C 137/43, no. 26
• Manorial Estate, 1412-1452, Stoke Doyle Manor, Stoke Doyle, Peterborough, Northamptonshire, PE8, GB. 4 The manor of STOKE DOYLE may be identified with one of the Domesday holdings of the Abbey of Peterborough, which contained 2 hides and a virgate of land, but was then appurtenant to Oundle manor. By 1125, the land had been subinfeudated, but the overlordship was held by the Abbey, until its dissolution. Afterwards the manor was held of the Crown as of the Hundred of Navisford (q.v.), and when the latter was granted by James I to Lord Montagu, he also obtained the overlordship of Stoke Doyle.
About 1125, Wymund de Stoke was the tenant of this land, which he held as one knights' fee, but claimed to hold 1½ hides in socage. In the 12th century survey of Northamptonshire, Stoke does not appear, but as Wadenhoe, Pilton and Stoke formed one township, it is possible that the entries under Wadenhoe include holdings in the other two parishes. Wymund appears as holding one virgate of land, which may have been the virgate which the lords of Stoke Doyle afterwards held of the manor of Pilton, but if so his main holding is omitted. He was probably succeeded by another Wymund before 1146. In 1189, the fee was held by Guy de Stoke, and in 1199 Robert de Stoke agreed to perform the military service due from half a knight's fee and to pay a rent of 8s. a year for the other half. He was living in 1227, but was succeeded by Edmund or Simon de Stoke shortly afterwards. In 1242\endash 3 John de Stoke was the tenant, but he had died before 1246\endash 7, and in 1254 the half fee was held by the heir of Robert de Stoke. In 1275 John de Stoke was lord of the manor, but he apparently died before 1280.
The manor then passed to Alice, the wife of John Doyley, who obtained in 1313, from Robert son of John de Stoke, a quitclaim of his right in the manor. In the same year they settled it, with remainders to their son Thomas and the right heirs of Alice. Thomas did homage to the abbot in 1322. A John Doyley, possibly son of Thomas, held the manor in 1341 and in 1353 he made a settlement on his son Thomas by his second wife Margery. This Thomas seems to have died young, and the manor went to Henry Doyley, probably his great-uncle, son of John Doyley and his wife Alice. On his death after 1367 the manor went to John, son of Robert Knightley (d. c. 1326) and Alice his wife (d. 1349), who was sister of Henry Doyley. John Knightley presented to the church in 1369 and 1390. A settlement of Stoke Doyle was made in 1370 on Joan, said to be daughter and heir of Sir John Doyley, and Thomas, son of Roger Lewkenor of Sussex, her husband, and in 1391 a further settlement of the manor was made on Joan and her second husband, John Cobham, with a life interest to John Knightley. Roger Lewkenor apparently granted it to trustees, one of whom, Nicholas Nymmes, did homage in 1401, and the trustees still held it in 1412. By 1428 the manor had reverted to Thomas Lewkenor, Joan's grandson, whose son Roger presented to the church in 1453 and died in 1478, leaving a son and heir Thomas, who forfeited his lands, probably as a Yorkist. Stoke Doyle was granted to William Sapcote in 1484, but Lewkenor was probably reinstated in possession, as his son Roger presented to the church in 1491. He left four daughters, and his heirs apparently sold the manor to Sir George Puttenham, who in 1526 levied a fine of it against Roger Corbet.
• Inquisition: Post mortem, 12 Jul 1412. 5 955 ROGER LEWKENORE
Commission to John Halle, senior, John Wallere, Robert Wrytele, Adam Iwode and Thomas Preston [CPR 1408-13, p.430]. 12 July 1412.
SUSSEX. Inquisition before Halle, Wallere, Wrytele and Ywode. Alfriston. 5 Nov.
He formerly held the manors of Horsted Keynes, Itford, Selmeston and Broadhurst and 33s. rent in Alchin in his demesne as of fee. Itford and Selmeston are member of Horsted Keynes. By his charter dated 20 Nov. 1393 he enfeoffed William Fitzrichard, clerk, John Lewkenore and Nicholas Mymmes, now deceased, and their heirs and assigns on condition that they should take the profits and rents during the minority of Thomas son and heir of Roger and enfoeoff him when he reached full age. John Lewkenore released his rights to William Fitzrichard and Nicholas Mymmes. Afterwards Roger made a new feoffment to William Fitzrichard, clerk, Nicholas Mymmes, Thomas Joper and John Break and their heirs with the intention that he should have all the profits during his life, and that after his death the feoffees should have the profits during the minority in order to marry his daughters and pay his debts, and then enfeoff Thomas his son when of full age.
Horsted Keynes, Itford and Selmeston are held of the king in chief, annual value £48 7s., Broadhurst of Richard Wakhurst, service unknown, annual value 40s., and the rents in Alchin of the king in chief of the honour of the Eagle.
He died on 10 Nov. 1400. Thomas his son and heir is aged 19 years and more. Thomas Joper and Nicholas Mymmes have held and taken the profits.
C 137/86, no.28
• Inquisition: Post mortem, 8 Oct 1417. 6 693 RICHARD BERNERS
Writ 8 Oct. 1417.
SURREY. Inquisition. Leatherhead. 24 Oct.
He held 18s. rent in West Horsley, payable by equal parts at the 4 terms in his demesne as of fee of Henry IV of Windsor castle by knight service. He died on 6 Aug. 1412. Margery his daughter and next heir is aged 7 years and more. Thomas de Leukenore, knight, and Philippa his wife, formerly Richard's wife, have held it since his death, and are answerable to the king for the profits.
694 Writ 6 Dec. 1417.
MIDDLESEX. Inquisition. Islington. 4 March 1418.
He held the manor of Barnsbury in Islington in his demesne as of fee of Richard bishop of London as a 4th part of a knight's fee, annual value £12. He died on 6 Aug. 1412. Margery his daughter and next heir was aged 7 years on 24 Oct. last. Thomas Lewkenore, knight, and Philippa his wife, formerly Richard's wife, hold a 3rd part in dower, and still take the profits. Richard bishop of London holds 2 parts and takes the profits.
Writ for Norfolk and Suffolk. 2 Dec. 1417. No inquisition.
C 138/25, no. 8 E 149/111, no. 13
• Will, 20 Aug 1444. Will of Thomas Echyngham, knt.
In the name of God Amen. I Thomas Echyngham, knight, of sound mind this 20th of August 1444 make this will. Firstly I bequeath my soul to almighty God, Blessed Mary and the holy Ghost, my body to be buried in the Echyngham vault near my mother Joan. A number of religious bequests. Item to Thomas SeintLeger my godson? [filiolo meo] 50 marks. The residual to my wife Margaret [uxori mei], Sir Thomas Lewkenor, Dame Elizabeth Lewkenor my sister [sorori mei], my son Thomas Echyngham [filio meo], Henry the Prior of Camberwell, Thomas Hoo, Richard Wakehurst jnr. and John Ashburnham whom I constitute my executors. I appoint Sir John Fortescue and Sir Roger Fiennes as my supervisors of this my will.
Thomas married Elizabeth Carew, daughter of Nicholas Carew of Beddington, Surrey and Mercy Hayme. (Elizabeth Carew was born about 1398-1399, died on 25 Sep 1410 and was buried in St. Mary's Church, Church Road, Beddington, Wallington, Sutton, London, SM6 7NJ, GB.)
Thomas next married Phillippa Dalyngrudge, daughter of Walter Dalyngrudge and Margaret Chaumont, after 6 Aug 1412.1 (Phillippa Dalyngrudge was born before 1394 and died on 2 Oct 1420 7.)
Thomas next married Elizabeth Echingham, daughter of Sir William Echingham and Alice Batesford, after 1420. (Elizabeth Echingham died between 1455 and 20 Feb 1464.)