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Eudes [II] de Blois Comte de Blois
(Abt 0982/0983-1037)
Ermengarde d'Auvergne
(Abt 1010-After 1042/1042)
Herbert I du Maine Comte du Maine
(Between 0990/1000-1032/1035)
Thibaut [III] de Blois Comte de Blois
(Abt 1010-1089/1089)
Gersende du Maine
(Abt 1025/1035-Bef 1096)
Étienne de Blois Comte de Blois
(Abt 1046-1102)

 

Family Links

Spouses/Children:
1. Adèle de Normandie

2. Unknown

Étienne de Blois Comte de Blois 3

  • Born: Abt 1046 4
  • Marriage (1): Adèle de Normandie about 1080 in Breteuil, Eure, Haute-Normandie, FR 1
  • Partnership (2): Unknown 2
  • Died: 19 May 1102, Ramlah, IL aged about 56 5

   Another name for Étienne was Stephen "Le Sage" de Blois.

  General Notes:

ETIENNE [Henri] de Blois, son of THIBAUT III Comte de Blois & his [first/second wife Gersende du Maine/Gundrada ---] (-murdered Ramla 19 May 1102). The Liber Modernorum Regum Francorum names (in order) "Stephanus et Hugo" as sons of "comes Tetbaudus", specifying that Etienne "factus est Blesensium Carnotensium atque Meldensium comes" on their father's death. Son of Thibaut according to Orderic Vitalis, who does not specify his mother's name. "Stephanus comes" donated property to the abbey of Pontlevoy, for the souls of "Theobaldi comitis patris mei et matris meæ Gundreæ…" by charter dated 1089. As noted above, it is possible that "Gundreæ" in this charter is in fact a distorted transcription of "Gersendæ", the name of Thibaut´s known first wife. This cannot be verified unless another primary source emerges which names the mother of Comte Etienne. He succeeded his father in 1089 as ETIENNE Comte de Blois, de Chartres, de Châteaudun, de Sancerre et de Meaux. He joined the contingent of Robert II Count of Flanders on the First Crusade in Sep 1096, along with Robert "Curthose" Duke of Normandy. Albert of Aix records the arrival in Constantinople of "Robertus Normannorum comes, Stephanus Blesensis, Eustachius frater prædicti Ducis", dated to early 1097 from the context. Albert of Aix records that "Willelmus Carpentarius, Willelmusque alter, quondam familiaris et domesticus imperatoris Constantinopolis, qui et sororem Boemundi principis Siciliæ uxorem duxerat", escaped "out of fear", believing that the crusading army was doomed after it was besieged by Kerbogha atabeg of Mosul, from Antioch to Alexandretta where they met "Stephanus Blesensis" (who had left the siege "causa infirmitatis") and who thereupon prepared to leave for Europe by sea. "Henricus comes cognomina Stephanus necnon et Adela uxor eius cum filiis nostris" granted immunities to Chartres Notre-Dame by charter dated [Oct 1100/1101], signed by "Stephani comitis, Adele comitisse, Guillelmi, Stephani, Odonis, Teobaldi". Albert of Aix records that "Stephanus comes Blesensium, pœnitentia ductus" made plans to return to Jerusalem, dated to late 1100 from the context. The group appointed Comte Raymond as their overall leader when they arrived at Constantinople. After the combined armies left Constantinople in May 1101, they captured Ankara from the Seljuk Turks 23 Jun 1101 but were scattered after their defeat by the Turks at Mersivan. Albert of Aix records "…Stephanus Blesensis…" among those who spent Easter in Jerusalem with Baudouin I King of Jerusalem, dated to 1102 from the context. Robert of Torigny records that "Stephanus comes Blesensis" was killed "1102 XV Kal Aug apud Ramulam". Albert of Aix records that "Conradus, Arpinus, Stephanus Blesensis itemque Stephanus de Burgundia" were captured at Ramla after being burned in a tower, and that "Stephano itemque Stephano" were beheaded, dated to mid-1102 from the context. Two of his letters to his wife Adela, written during the First Crusade, have survived and provide a unique first-hand account of events. The necrology of Chartres cathedral records the death "XIV Kal Jun" of "Stephanus palatinus comes". The necrology of Saint-Jean-en-Vallée records the death "XIV Kal Jun" of "Stephanus nomine Henricus comes palatinus". The necrology of Pontlevoy records the death "XIV Kal Jun" of "Henrici comitis".

m (Breteuil 1080, confirmed Chartres Cathedral 1081) ADELA de Normandie, daughter of WILLIAM I "the Conqueror" King of England & his wife Mathilde de Flandre (Normandy [1066/67]-Marigney-sur-Loire 8 Mar 1138, bur Abbey of Holy Trinity, Caen). She is listed by Orderic Vitalis last among the daughters of King William in his description of their careers. She is named third in his list of the daughters of King William I by Matthew Paris, but this appears unlikely in view of Adela's child-bearing until her husband's death in 1102. Her birth date is estimated bearing in mind that marriage frequently took place in early adolescence at the time, and also that Adela clearly continued to bear children right up to her husband's death. Orderic Vitalis records that she encouraged her husband to join the First Crusade and did not hide her shame when he deserted from Antioch in 1098. Regent of Blois 1102-1107, after the death of her husband. She became a nun at the Cluniac priory of Marigney-sur-Loire in [1122]. The necrology of Chartres cathedral records the death "VIII Id Mar" of "Adela comitissa", and in another manuscript the death "VIII Id Mar" of "Adela nobilis Blesensium comitissa regis Anglorum Willelmi filia".

Mistress (1): ---. The name of Comte Etienne's mistress is not known.

Comte Etienne & his wife had [eleven] children:

Comte Etienne had [one illegitimate daughter by his mistress]: Emma.

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Ancestral Roots has Stephen as son by the 2nd wife Alix, giving no marriage date for Theobald & Alix, nor birth date for Stephen. Turton also has Etienne/Steven born by the 2nd wife Alice de Vexin. But Richard Borthwick in a post to SGM believes that the dates indicate it was his 1st wife who was mother.

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The following information was supplied in a post-em by Curt Hofemann, curt_hofemann AT yahoo.com:

Stephen "Le Sage" Count of Champagne & Blois

Mother: Alix de Crepi b: ABT. 1020 in Vexin, Normandy, France

The identity of his mother seems to be in debate:

I think... (the mother of Stephen) should be Gersende of Maine, Thibaut III's 1st wife. Stephen Henry was born in 1046 and Thibaut and Gersende did not separate until 1048. ES II:46 gives these dates and mistakenly indicates Stephen Henry to be the son of Gundrada. Also see M Bur *La formation du comte de Champagne* (Nancy, 1977), 199, 214-15 where Stephen Henry is stated to be the son of Gersende. [Ref: Richard Borthwick 30 Jan 1998 message to Gen-Medieval] note: I don't know why he refers to as Stephen as Stephen "Henry". As far as I know, middle names didn't come into use until centuries later... Curt

Research note 1: mother: Alix de Crepi [Ref: Weis AR7 137:23]

Research note 2: mother: Gundrada [Ref: Moriarty p117, Paget p58, Watney p110]

Regards,
Curt

Note: the separation between Thibaut/Theobald and Gersende maybe didn't officially happen until 1048, but I have a child of Gersende's 2nd husband who looks to be b. abt 1045. 2

  Death Notes:

On Crusade of 1101.


Étienne married Adèle de Normandie, daughter of Guillaume I de Normandie King of England (William I), Duc de Normandie and Mathilde de Flandre, about 1080 in Breteuil, Eure, Haute-Normandie, FR.1 (Adèle de Normandie was born about 1066-1067 in Normandie, FR,6 died on 8 Mar 1138 5 and was buried in Abbaye de Sainte-Trinité de Caen (Abbaye aux Dames), Caen, Calvados, Basse-Normandie, 14000, FR 2.)


Étienne had a relationship with someone.2


Sources


1 Frederick Lewis Weis, Walter Lee Sheppard, David Faris, <i>Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700: The Lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and Some of Their Descendants</i> (Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1992), 137-23. .... William Henry Turton, <i>The Plantagenet Ancestry</i> (1968), 15.

2 Charles Cawley, <i>Medieval Lands</i>.

3 Encyclopedia Britannica, Treatise on, United Kingdom, Ancestry of the British Royal House. .... Frederick Lewis Weis, Walter Lee Sheppard, David Faris, <i>Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700: The Lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and Some of Their Descendants</i> (Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1992), 262-26. .... William Henry Turton, <i>The Plantagenet Ancestry</i> (1968), 15.

4 Newsgroup: soc.genealogy.medieval, at groups - google.com, Richard Borthwick, 30 Jan 1998.

5 Charles Cawley, <i>Medieval Lands</i>. .... Encyclopedia Britannica, Treatise on, United Kingdom, Ancestry of the British Royal House. .... William Henry Turton, <i>The Plantagenet Ancestry</i> (1968), 15.

6 Charles Cawley, <i>Medieval Lands</i>. .... Frederick Lewis Weis, Walter Lee Sheppard, David Faris, <i>Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700: The Lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and Some of Their Descendants</i> (Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1992), 137-23. .... William Henry Turton, <i>The Plantagenet Ancestry</i> (1968), 15.

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