Sir Thomas Fleming of Runwell, Essex 1
- Born: Bef 1402 2
- Marriage (1): Unknown
- Died: 1464
Noted events in his life were:
• Manorial Estate: Flemings Manor, Runwell, Wickford, Essex, SS11, GB. Lastly, Morant turns his attentions to Runwell's other main manor - that of Flemings, or 'Flemyng's' as he refers to it. This, he tells us, 'derived its name from an ancient Family of that name, whose seat it was. The mansion house stands at a distance from the Church, and was formerly very large, but most of it is pulled down.'(Morant, p. 142) He was, of course, referring to the present Flemings Farm, which is the remnants of a brick manor house built around 1500.
The first recorded owner of Flemings was Robert Fleming, who lived here, along with his wife Alice, in 1327, the first year in the reign of Edward III (1312-1377). (Morant, p. 42, Pedes Finium, 1 Ed. III) They are mentioned together in connection with a fine paid between them and one Roger of Dorkcester 'of the manor of Ronewell' in connection with the advowson of the church.(Ibid.) There was also a John Fleming during this king's reign, a Robert at the time of Richard II (1366-1400), a Thomas in the reign of Henry IV, a Sir Thomas who died in 1464 during the reign of Edward IV, and a John who was the latter's son and heir and just 15 when his father died.(Ibid, age of John Fleming on his father's death, cf. Inquit. 4 Edw. IV)
Morant informs us that, aside from a manor at Great Sutton and the advowson of St Mary's, Runwell, John held 'this manor of the Church of St Paul',(Ibid, p. 42) which is a very curious statement. Certainly, the Dean and Chapter of St Paul's held the principal manor of Runwell Hall, but there is no mention of them in connection with the manor of Flemings. Was Morant wrong, or confused in his facts, or did St Paul's also command some kind of control over a second manor in the parish during this time?
John Fleming died without a male heir but did leave behind three sisters, Constantia, Blanch and Anne, who became his co-heirs. Yet it was the last mentioned, Anne, who through marriage brought the manor into the ownership of the Sulyard, or Sulliard, family of Eye in Suffolk. A Sir William Sulyard gained control of Flemings in Runwell, and his son, Sir John Sulyard received it after his father's death.
• Inquisition: Post mortem, 10 Jul 1425. 2 THOMAS FLEMYNG, ESQUIRE
670 Writ. 10 July 1425. [Haseley]
ESSEX. Inquisition [indented]. Rayleigh. 1 October 1425. [Stokdale]
Jurors: John Samwell ; John Deth ; John Stevene ; John Cok ; John Bechamp ; John Tayllour ; John Soler ; John Hook ; John atte Sloo ; William Gray ; Sewall Sawkyne ; and John Fuller .
He held the manor and advowson of Great Sutton for life by curtesy in right of Rose his late wife. In the manor there are the capital messuage with 4 broken-down cottages, worth nothing yearly; 340 a. arable, each acre worth 4d. yearly; 3 a. meadow, each acre worth 12d. yearly; and 14s. assize rents at Easter and Michaelmas in equal portions.
The advowson is worth 5 marks yearly.
The manor and advowson are held of Richard duke of York of his honour of Rayleigh by service of 1/2 knight's fee.
He died on 1 April last. Thomas Flemyng, esquire , is the son and next heir of Thomas and Rose, aged 24 years and more.
C 139/26/46 mm.1\endash 2