Sir Ralph Grene
- Born: Bef 26 May 1378 1
- Died: 14 Oct 1417 2
• Manorial Estate, 1399-1417, Grately Manor, Grateley, Andover, Hampshire, SP11, GB. 3 GRATELY is not mentioned in Domesday Book, but in 1130 the sheriff was farming the manor, which had belonged to Robert de Matteom, who was either dead or had forfeited. (fn. 4) William the Chaplain, or as is more probable William the Chamberlain (Camera), that is to say William Mauduit, was holding in 1167 (fn. 5) and the manor remained with the Mauduit family. Thomas Mauduit is named in the Testa de Nevill as holding a knight's fee in Grately of the Earl of Hertford. (fn. 6) As Mr. Round has pointed out under Over Wallop (q.v.) this is clearly an error for the Earl of Hertford, since Grately certainly had the Bohuns for overlords and when the earldom reverted to the Crown the king became overlord. (fn. 7) Thomas Mauduit died in 1270, and four years later his manors of Dean and Grately were in the hands of Sir Alan de Plugenet, who granted them, with certain provisoes, to Sir John de St. Walery from the Thursday after the Feast of St. Peter and St. Paul in 1274. until Michaelmas 1279. (fn. 8) In 1295 licence was granted to Thomas's son Warin Mauduit of Warminster, tenant in chief, to demise Grately and other manors to Bevis de Knovill (fn. 9) for six years. (fn. 10) Warin Mauduit died seised of the manor in 1300, (fn. 11) leaving a son and heir Thomas Mauduit, who is named in the Nomina Villarum of 1316: sed mater tenet in dote. (fn. 12) In 1318 he had a grant of free warren, (fn. 13) but being on the Lancastrian side at Boroughbridge in 1322 he was taken prisoner, his estates were confiscated and himself executed. (fn. 14) Edward III, however, restored the estates to his son John Mauduit, who was lord of the manor in 1332, (fn. 15) and was assessed in the Aid of 1346 as holding half a fee which had belonged to Robert de Bury. (fn. 16) John Mauduit died in 1364 seised of Warminster Manor (though the inquisition makes no mention of Grately), leaving Maud daughter of his son Thomas as his heir, then aged nine. (fn. 17) Juliana widow of John Mauduit was seised of the manor at her death, (fn. 18) after which it passed to the said Maud, then wife of Sir Henry Greene of Drayton (co. Northants.), who had livery of seisin in May 1379. (fn. 19) Sir Henry Greene was a privy councillor to Richard II and high in the royal favour, for which when Henry of Bolingbroke was in the ascendant he lost both his estates and his life. (fn. 20) In the first year of his reign, however, the new king restored the estates to Sir Henry's son Ralph, (fn. 21) who was afterwards knighted and died seised of Grately in 1417. (fn. 22) He was succeeded by his brother John Greene, who is named in the Feudal Aid of 1428 as holding half a fee in Grately, (fn. 23) and in that of 1431 as holding one-sixth. (fn. 24) He died in 1433, (fn. 25) and was succeeded by his eldest surviving son Henry, who was twice married, first to Constance Paulet and secondly to Margaret Ros, but left an only daughter Constance. She carried the manor by marriage to the Lord John Stafford (third surviving son of Humphrey first Duke of Buckingham) created Earl of Wiltshire in 1470.
4. Pipe R. 31 Hen. I (Rec. Com.), 40.
5. Ibid. 13 Hen. II (Pipe R. Soc.), 184, 'Grettelea Willelmi Cap[..].' 'Cap[.]' is possibly an error for 'Cam[..]' and as the Red Book of the Exchequer has 'Walter de Camera' holding half a knight's fee under the Bohuns in 1166 (Red Bk. of Exch. [Rolls Ser.], i, 143) the reference is presumably to William Mauduit, the king's chamberlain.
6. Testa de Nevill (Rec. Com.), 231 b.
7. Inq. p.m. 28 Edw. I, no. 41; 46 Edw. III, no. 10; 5 Hen. V, no. 41.
8. Cal. Close, 1272\endash 9, pp. 123\endash 4.
9. Eleanor daughter of Bevis de Knovill was wife of Thomas Mauduit, Warin's son.
10. Cal. Pat. 1297\endash 1301, p. 177.
11. Inq. p.m. 28 Edw. I, no. 41.
12. Feud. Aids, ii, 312.
13. Cal. Chart. R. 1300\endash 26, p. 374.
14. Hoare, Hist. of Modern Wilts, iii (2), 7.
15. Inq. a.q.d. file 221, no. 2.
16. Feud. Aids, ii, 325. There is apparently some confusion here, for there is no evidence that Robert de Bury ever held in Grately.
17. Inq. p.m. 38 Edw. III, no. 28. Cf. G.E.C. Complete Peerage, v, 272 n.; Dugdale, Baronage, i, 399.
18. Inq. p.m. 2 Ric. II, no. 33.
19. Halstead, Succinct Genealogies, 147; cf. Feet of F. Div. Co. East. 8 Ric. II.
20. Halstead, op. cit. 121.
21. Cf. Cal. Pat. 1399\endash 1401, pp. 328, 335.
22. Inq. p.m. 5 Hen. V, no. 41.
23. Feud. Aids, ii, 347.
24. Ibid. 170.
25. Inq. p.m. 11 Hen. VI, no. 32.
• Manorial Estate, 1399-1417, Warminster Manor, Warminster, Wiltshire, GB. 4 WARMINSTER belonged to the kings of England before the Conquest, and was still in the hands of William I in 1086. (fn. 1) By 1156 it had been granted to William FitzHamon, (fn. 2) a tenant in several counties and constable of Salisbury Castle in the earlier part of the reign of Henry II. (fn. 3) William held it until 1175, (fn. 4) when it reverted to the Crown, probably by his death. It was immediately regranted in fee to Robert Mauduit, (fn. 5) a royal chamberlain and younger son of a family whose chief estates were in Buckinghamshire. (fn. 6) He had succeeded FitzHamon in his constableship of Salisbury, and it is possible that the estate was regarded as appurtenant to that office. (fn. 7) Robert obtained a renewal of the grant when Richard I succeeded to the throne, (fn. 8) but was dead by 1191. (fn. 9) His son and heir Thomas was a minor, and was in the successive wardships of Robert de Tregoze (fn. 10) and Hugh de Bosco (fn. 11) until he came of age by Michaelmas 1204. (fn. 12) Thomas held Warminster, except for a forfeiture when he joined John's enemies, (fn. 13) until his death c. 1244, when he was succeeded by his son William. (fn. 14) William was dead by 1264, leaving a son Thomas, a minor, whose wardship was granted to Warin de Bassingburn, his uncle. (fn. 15) In 1270 Thomas was given licence to let the manor of Warminster while he went to the Holy Land with Prince Edward. (fn. 16) He probably died abroad, for in 1271 the wardship of his heir Warin was granted to Richard, King of the Romans. (fn. 17) In 1275 Thomas's widow Joan held Warminster in dower. (fn. 18) Warin came of age c. 1290 and in 1294 was licensed to let Warminster to Bogo de Knoville, the last holder of his wardship, for six years. (fn. 19) At Warin's death in 1300 he was succeeded by his son Thomas, (fn. 20) who came of age in 1308 (fn. 21) and was executed after the battle of Boroughbridge in 1322. (fn. 22) Warminster was immediately granted to Hugh le Despenser the elder, (fn. 23) but on the accession of Edward III Thomas's widow Eleanor was assigned her dower in it, (fn. 24) and the custody of the remainder granted to John de Kingston during the minority of John, the heir. (fn. 25) John came of age in 1332, and settled Warminster on himself and Juliane his wife in the same year. (fn. 26) He died in 1364 leaving as heir, after the termination of his widow's estate, his granddaughter Maud, daughter of his son Thomas who was already dead. (fn. 27)
Maud took the Mauduit inheritance to a Northhamptonshire family, for she married Sir Henry Greene of Drayton near Kettering. (fn. 28) He was executed in 1399 and succeeded in turn by his sons Ralph, who died without issue in 1417, (fn. 29) and John, who died in 1433. (fn. 30) John's son Henry died in 1467 leaving an only daughter and heir Constance, who married John Stafford, third son of Humphrey, Duke of Buckingham. (fn. 31) Stafford was created Earl of Wiltshire in 1470 and died three years later. His only son Edward died without issue in 1499, and after a long dispute his property passed to the heirs of his maternal grandfather Henry Greene, who were the descendants of Greene's sisters Isabel and Margaret. (fn. 32) Of these, Margaret left by her husband Sir William Huddleston a daughter Elizabeth, who married Sir Thomas Cheney and died without issue in 1502. (fn. 33) The whole inheritance thus passed to the issue of Isabel Greene, who had married Sir Richard Vere. Their son Sir Henry Vere left four daughters; of these one died without issue, so that Warminster was divided into thirds amongst the others. (fn. 34)
Of these three coheirs, Anne married Sir Humphrey Brown of Abbess Roding (Essex), a Justice of the Common Pleas who died in 1562. Their only son George died without surviving issue soon after his father, and this share of Warminster descended to his three half-sisters by his father's second marriage. (fn. 35) The second coheir Audrey married into the same family of Browns, and by her husband John left a son George and a grandson Wistan. (fn. 36) The third coheir Elizabeth married John Mordaunt created Baron Mordaunt in 1532, and her share of Warminster descended to her grandson Lewis, the 3rd baron. (fn. 37)
1. V.C.H. Wilts. ii, p. 116.
2. Pipe R. 1156\endash 8 (Rec. Com.), 57.
3. Red Bk. Exch. (Rolls Ser.), 664 and passim; V.C.H. Wilts. vi. 54\endash 5.
4. Pipe R. 1175 (P.R.S. xxii), 99, and preceeding volumes in the same series.
5. Ibid. 1176 (P.R.S. xxv), 171; Cartae Antiquae Rolls (P.R.S. n.s. xxxiii), 184.
6. The elaborate account of this family in Robert Halstead (pseud.), Succint Genealogies of the ... Houses of ... Mauduit of Warminster ... (1685), was followed by Hoare, Mod. Wilts, Warminster, 2\endash 8, but its earlier part is corrected in R. W. Eyton, 'Pedigree of the Baronial Houses of Mauduit', Herald and Genealogist, vii. 385\endash 94. For a criticism of Halstead's work see Beds. Hist. Rec. Soc. xi. 84\endash 87.
7. V.C.H. Wilts. v. 8.
8. Halstead, Succint Genealogies, 128; Pipe R. 1190 (P.R.S. n.s. i), 121.
9. Pipe R. 1191 & 1192 (P.R.S. n.s. ii), 121.
10. Ibid. 281.
11. Ibid. 1195 (P.R.S. n.s. vi), 136.
12. Ibid. 1204 (P.R.S. n.s. xviii), 247. Halstead printed a deed settling Warminster on Robert's younger son Robert; if genuine it cannot have taken effect, but deeds settling a smaller estate on him are in W.R.O. 490 Hungerford Cart. ff. 112v.\endash 113.
13. Rot. Litt. Claus. (Rec. Com.), i. 285, 315.
14. Ex. e Rot. Fin. (Rec. Com.), i. 418; Eyton, Antiquities of Shropshire, iv. 65.
15. Close R. 1261\endash 4, 339\endash 40; Cal. Pat. 1258\endash 66, 532; Longleat MS. 8971.
16. Cal. Pat. 1266\endash 72, 440.
17. Ibid. 533.
18. Rot. Hund. (Rec. Com.), ii. 276.
19. Cal. Pat. 1292\endash 1301, 177; Longleat MS. 8978. For previous holders of the wardship see Cal. Pat. 1272\endash 81, 253 and J.I. 1/1006 m. 55d.
20. Wilts. Inq. p.m. 1242\endash 1326 (Index Libr.), 249\endash 53.
21. Ibid. 372.
22. T. Walsingham, Hist. Anglicana (Rolls Ser.), i. 165.
23. Cal. Chart. R. 1300\endash 26, 444.
24. Cal. Close, 1327\endash 30, 16.
25. Cal. Fine R. 1327\endash 37, 28.
26. Wilts. Inq. p.m. 1327\endash 77 (Index Libr.), 85\endash 87; Abbrev. Rot. Orig. (Rec. Com.), ii. 74.
27. Wilts. Inq. p.m. 1327\endash 77 (Index Libr.), 371.
28. Cal. Fine R. 1377\endash 83, 136. The pedigree of the Greene family is in Halstead, Succint Genealogies, 153 f., and Bridges, Hist. Northants. ii. 251\endash 2.
29. C 137/20/1; C 138/27/41.
30. C 139/58/32.
31. C 140/23/1; Longleat MS. 9039.
32. Complete Peerage, s.v. Wiltshire.
33. Cal. Inq. p.m. Hen. VII, iii. pp. 408\endash 9.
34. Ibid.; Halstead, Succint Genealogies, 223\endash 4.
35. C 142/135/4; Visitations of Essex, pt. i (Harl. Soc. xiii), 166; George had a son Thomas living in 1557: C 54/528 m. 23d.
36. Visitations of Essex, i. 166\endash 7; Audrey's husband was the nephew of her sister Anne's husband.
37. Complete Peerage.
• Inquisition: Post mortem, 26 May 1400. 1 326 HENRY GRENE, KNIGHT
Writ, plenius certiorari, to William Westbury and the escheator and sheriff, on the petition of Ralph Grene. 26 May 1400. HAMPSHIRE. Inquisition before William Westbury and the escheator. Andover. 12 July.
Henry Grene, knight, son of Henry Grene, knight, held the manor of Grately with the advowson for life by the courtesy of England, in right of Maud, late his wife, with remainder to their children. She held it by inheritance after the death of her father, Thomas Mauduyt, knight. It is held of the earl of Hereford, annual value £10.
He died on 29 July 1399. Ralph son of Henry and Maud, the next heir, is aged 22 years and more.
327 WILTSHIRE. Inquisition before William Westbury and the escheator and sheriff. Warminster. 10 July 1400.
He held for life in right of Maud his wife, heir of Thomas Mauduyt, knight, with remainder to the children of Maud and himself:
Warminster, the manor and hundred, annual value £50;
Westbury, a manor called 'Le Mauduytes', £10;
Ditteridge, half the manor, 40s.; all of the king by knight service.
Fiddington by Market Lavington, half the manor, 50s., of the bishop of Salisbury.
Date of death and heir as above.
328 Similar writ to John Hervy and the escheator and sheriff. 26 May 1400. BEDFORD. Inquisition before the escheator and sheriff. Woburn. 24 July.
He held in fee tail to himself and the heirs male of his body by the grant of Henry Grene, senior:
Chalton, the manor and chapel, with lands in Toddington, extent unknown, of the Earl Marshal, service unknown, annual value 100s.
Colworth, the manor, with lands in Great Catsey Wood, Souldrop, Sharnbrook and Felmersham, of Thomas Grene, knight, by knight service, annual value 40s.
He held nothing in right of his wife Maud or in any other way. Date of death and heir as above.
329 BUCKINGHAM. Inquisition before the same. Wavendon. 23 July 1400. He held in fee tail to himself and the heirs male of his body by the grant of Henry Grene, senior: Great Woolstone and Wavendon, the manors, with lands and tenements in Emberton, Filgrave, Olney, Chicheley and North Crawley, of Thomas Grene, knight, by knight service; annual values, Great Woolstone 100s., Wavendon 40s., the lands etc. 8 marks. Date of death and heir as above.
330 Similar writ to Edmund Forde and the sheriff and escheator. 26 May 1400. GLOUCESTER AND THE ADJACENT MARCH OF WALES. Inquisition before Edmund Forde and the escheator. Chipping Sodbury. 19 July. In the March of Wales he held half the manor of Mathern by the courtesy of England in right of Maud late his wife, who held by inheritance after the death of Thomas Mauduyt, knight, her father. It is held of the lordship of Chepstow, which is in the king's hands, service unknown, annual value 10 marks, with remainder to the children of Maud and himself. Date of death and heir as above.
331 Similar writ to John Baryngton and the escheator and sheriff. 26 May 1400. ESSEX. Inquisition before John Baryngton and the escheator. White Roding. 31 July. The manor of White Roding with the advowson was held in their demesne as of fee by John Olneye, Nicholas de Cogenho and John Cook of Comberton. By a fine of 1364 [CP 25(1) 288/47 no. 633] they granted it to William de Quenton, knight, and Isabel his wife for their lives with remainder to Henry son of Henry Grene of Isham and the heirs of his body. So he held it in fee tail, of the king in petty serjeanty by the keeping of a sparrowhawk when the king is pleased to come to these parts, annual value £10. Date of death and heir as above.
332 Similar writ to John Styvecle and the escheator and sheriff. 26 May 1400. CAMBRIDGE. Inquisition before the escheator and sheriff. Comberton. 12 July. By the same fine as in the last he held of the king in chief by knight service the manor of Comberton called Merks, annual value £20 marks. Date of death and heir as above.
333 HUNTINGDON. Inquisition before the same. Alconbury. 9 July 1400. He held the manor of Buckworth with the advowson by the courtesy of England in right of Maud his wife, who held by inheritance after the death of her father Thomas Mauduyt, knight, with remainder to their children. It is held of lord la Zouche, service unknown, annual value 20 marks. Date of death and heir as above.
334 Similar writ to Thomas Cotyngham and the escheator and sheriff. 26 May 1400. NORTHAMPTON. Inquisition before Thomas Cotyngham and the escheator and sheriff. Thrapston. 1 July.
He held in fee tail to himself and the heirs male of his body by the grant of Henry Grene, his father:
Drayton, the manor, of the king in chief by knight service, annual value 100s.
Lowick, the manor and advowson, of the earl of Stafford by knight service, annual value 10 marks.
Harringworth, 9 messuages, 1 toft, 3 virgates and 12 a. meadow, of lord la Zouche, service unknown, annual value 40s.
Great Houghton, 1/9 of the manor, 4 messuages, 1 carucate, 3 1/2 virgates, 2 a., 1 1/2 roods meadow and 6s.8d. rent, of Thomas Grene, knight, service unknown, annual value £4.
Cotes, the manor, with lands, tenements, rents and services in the vills and hamlets of Raunds, Ringstead, Little Addington, Irthlingborough, Stanwick, Chelveston, Hargrave, Cotes Bydon, Middle Cotes and Mill Cotes belonging to it, of Thomas Grene, knight, by the service of 1 fee, annual value £10.
Date of death and heir as above.
C 137/20, no. 1
E 149/72, no. 10
• Inquisition: Post mortem, 1 Nov 1417. 2 765 RALPH GRENE, KNIGHT
Writ 1 Nov. 1417.
CAMBRIDGE. Inquisition. Caxton. 31 Jan. 1418.
Jointly with Katherine his wife, who survives him, he held the manor of Comberton by the grant of William Islep, parson of Conington, William Marchall, parson of White Roding, Nicholas Morice, and William Aldewyncle by a fine [CP 25/1/291/63, no. 42] to them and the heirs of their bodies, rendering a rose at Midsummer to William Islep and the others and his heirs, with reversion to them and his heirs. It is held of the king in chief, service unknown, annual value £10.
He died on 14 Oct. last. John, esquire, his brother and heir is aged 30 years and more.
766 Writ 1 Dec. 1417. CAMBRIDGE. Copy of the above inquisition., substituting by knight service for service unknown.
767 HUNTINGDON. Inquisition. Buckworth. 20 Jan. 1418. Jointly with Katherine his wife he held the manor of Buckworth, by the fine as above [no. 765], rendering a rose at Midsummer. It is held of Lord Ferrers of Chartley of the honor of Winchester, service unknown, annual value £20. Date of death and heir as above.
768 HUNTINGDON. Copy of the above inquisition, substituting Lord la Zouch for Lord Ferrers of Chartley.
769 Writ 1 Nov. 1417. HAMPSHIRE. Inquisition. Basingstoke. 15 Dec. On 20 July 1403 by a charter under his seal of arms, shown to the jurors, he granted the manor and advowson of Grateley with the reversions belonging to them to John Holt, knight, Nicholas Haukerigg, parson of Normanton upon Soar, John Mulso, William Hemyngton and John Falkus, to hold to them and their heirs and assigns. They are held of the king of the earldom of Hereford, service unknown, annual value 10 marks. Date of death and heir as above.
770 Writ 1 Dec. 1417. HAMPSHIRE. Inquisition. Andover. 28 Sept. 1418. Findings as last, with different jurors.
771 WILTSHIRE. Inquisition. Salisbury. 13 Dec. 1417. Long before his death by his charter under his seal of arms, dated 6 July 1414 and shown to the jurors, he granted the manors of Warminster and Westbury, the hundred of Warminster, half the manor and the advowson of Ditteridge and half the manor of Fifield Bavant, to John son of Thomas Colpeper, knight, Hugh son of John Holt, knight, Thomas Brake, parson of Oundle, Thomas Molsho of Newton, William Islep, parson of Conington, Nicholas Haukrygge, parson of Bromham, William Marchall, parson of White Roding, William Aldewyncle, and Nicholas Morice, now deceased, their heirs and assigns, by royal licence [CPR 1313'966, p.190]. Warminster and Westbury, the hundred and the half manor of Ditteridge are held of the king in chief by knight service, annual value 100 marks. The half manor of Fifield Bavant is held of the bishop of Salisbury, service unknown, annual value 40s. Date of death and heir as above.
772 WILTSHIRE. Inquisition. Devizes. 21 Sept. 1418. Findings as last, with different jurors.
773 Writ 1 Nov. 1417. BEDFORD. Inquisition. Bedford. 22 Nov. Jointly with Katherine his wife, who survives him, by the same fine as above [no. 765] he held the manors of Carlton and Colworth and 20s. rent in Farndish. Carlton is held of John lord Grey, of his manor of Weston, service unknown, annual value 10 marks; Colworth of Baldwin Pygot, knight, service unknown, annual value £4; and the rent in Farndish of Thomas Grene, knight, by knight service. Date of death and heir as above.
774 Writ 1 Dec. 1417. BEDFORD. Inquisition. Woburn. 7 Oct. 1418. Findings as last, with different jurors.
775 BUCKINGHAM. Inquisition. Newport Pagnell. 4 Dec. 1417.
Jointly with Katherine his wife, who survives him, by the same fine as above [no. 765] he held:
Wavendon, half the manor of the earldom of Cornwall of the honor of Berkhamsted by suit of court there yearly; and half of the earl of Stafford by suit of court at his manor of Broughton twice yearly; annual value of the whole 100s.
Woolston, the manor of the earl of Oxford by a rent of 6d. or a pair of gilt spurs yearly, annual value £8.
Emberton, a 3rd part of the manor of the earl of Warwick by suit of court at Olney once yearly; a 3rd part of Lady Abergavenny by suit of court at Emberton; and a 3rd part of Richard Chaumberlyn by suit of court at Petsoe; annual value of the whole manor £10.
Date of death and heir as above.
776 BUCKINGHAM. Inquisition. Newport Pagnell. 6 Oct. 1418. Findings as last; except that the 3 manors are said to be held of Thomas Grene, knight, by knight service, annual value £20. 777
Writ 1 Nov. 1417.
NORTHAMPTON. Inquisition. Thrapston. 19 Jan. 1418.
Jointly with Katherine his wife, who survives him, by the same fine as above [no. 765] he held:
Drayton, the manor of Queen Joan by a rent of 13s.4d. and suit of court at Hardingstone, annual value 40s.
Lowick, the manor, of Thomas Grene, knight, by knight service, annual value £10.
Great Houghton, the manor, of the same by knight service, annual value 100s.
Coles and Raunds, the manors, of the same by knight service, annual value £14.
Harringworth, 6 virgates and 3 cottages, of William lord la Zouche by knight service, annual value £3.
Date of death and heir as above.
778 Writ 1 Dec. 1417. NORTHAMPTON. Copy of the above inquisition.
779 Writ 1 Dec 1417. ESSEX. Inquisition. Brentwood. 6 Oct. 1418. He held the manor of White Roding in his demesne as of fee and granted it by his charter to John son of Thomas Colpeper and others as above [no. 771]. It is held of the king in chief, annual value £10. Date of death and heir, aged 24 years and more, as above.
C 138/27, no. 41