Matilda Mauduit 1
Another name for Matilda was Maud Mauduit.
MATILDA de MAUDUIT, the Daughter and Sole Heir of Thomas, inherited the Noble Lordships of Werminster, Westbury, Grately, Samborne, Dychurch, Buckworth and many other great Possessions; being after Married to Sir Henry Greene Lord of Drayton, and one of the Favorites and Privy Councellors to King Richard the Second, who afterward lost his life for his Fidelity to that Prince, that had been his Master and Benefactor. 1
• Manorial Estate, 1364-1369, Deane Manor, Basingstoke, Hampshire, RG23, GB. 3 At the time of the Domesday Survey DEANE (Deane Mauduit, xiv cent.) which a certain Thoe had held of Edward the Confessor was held by William de Ow. (fn. 3) By the middle of the 12th century the manor had passed into the hands of Robert de la Mare, (fn. 4) the lord of Castle Holdgate (co. Salop), probably coming to him by his marriage with his wife Alice. (fn. 5) Robert died at Benevento in 1193 on his way back from the Crusades, leaving a daughter and heir Agnes, the widow of Robert Mauduit of Warminster (co. Wilts.), chamberlain to King Henry II, (fn. 6) who soon afterwards made fine at the discretion of the Chancellor for the relief of the lands which had belonged to her father. (fn. 7) Agnes died before 1199 leaving a son and heir Thomas, who came of age in 1203, succeeding to large estates in Shropshire, Wiltshire and Hampshire. (fn. 8) In 1216 he joined the barons' party against King John, and, as he did not return to his allegiance on the accession of King Henry III, on 16 March 1217 all his lands in Shropshire, Hampshire and other bailiwicks were given to Robert de Ferrars wherewith to support himself in the king's service and during the king's pleasure. (fn. 9) Under some misapprehension the manor of Deane, which was still held by Robert de la Mare's widow Alice, was included in the confiscation, but was not given back on 14 September 1217 when, having returned to his allegiance, Thomas was reinstated in his possessions. (fn. 10) Thus in 1218 a certain Thomas le Gastin was summoned to show by what warrant he held the vill of Deane, which William de Ferrars had held while he lived, (fn. 11) and again in 1224 Alice's nephew William de la Mare sought to recover for his aunt a carucate of land in Deane from whomsoever was then holding it. (fn. 12) The manor was no doubt restored to Alice, and on her death descended to her grandson Thomas, who on his death in 1244 was succeeded by his son and heir William. (fn. 13) William's successor was Thomas, who in August 1270, being about to accompany Prince Edward to Palestine, obtained licence from the king to put out at farm his demesnes of Warminster. (fn. 14) He died shortly afterwards, leaving a son and heir Warin under age, (fn. 15) and in 1274 Sir Alan de Plukenet granted the custody of the manors of Grateley and Deane which were of his inheritance to Sir John de St. Valery to hold from Thursday after the Feast of St. Peter and St. Paul 1274 until Michaelmas 1279. (fn. 16) Warin came of age in 1290 and obtained livery of all the lands which his father had held in chief. (fn. 17) Five years later he obtained licence to demise his manor of Deane for six years to Bevis de Knovill (fn. 18) \emdash no doubt on his departure to the Holy Land with Edward I, by whom he was highly esteemed. He died, however, at the early age of thirty, circa 1299, leaving a son and heir Thomas under age, (fn. 19) whose marriage was granted in 1301 to Robert de Felton. (fn. 20) Thomas obtained a grant of free warren in all his demesne lands of Deane in 1518, (fn. 21) but some years later, siding with the other barons against the Despensers, he was taken prisoner at Boroughbridge and executed, and his estates confiscated. (fn. 22) His son and heir John, who was a minor at the time, (fn. 23) came of age in 1332, obtaining in that year livery of his estates, (fn. 24) and died in 1364 leaving as his heir his granddaughter Maud the only child of his son Thomas. (fn. 25) Five years later the manor was conveyed by trustees to William of Wykeham, Bishop of Winchester, (fn. 26) and was settled on him in 1392 with remainder in tail-male successively to his greatnephews William and Thomas of Wykeham. (fn. 27)
• Manorial Estate, 1364-1399, Warminster Manor, Warminster, Wiltshire, GB. 4 WARMINSTER belonged to the kings of England before the Conquest, and was still in the hands of William I in 1086. (fn. 1) By 1156 it had been granted to William FitzHamon, (fn. 2) a tenant in several counties and constable of Salisbury Castle in the earlier part of the reign of Henry II. (fn. 3) William held it until 1175, (fn. 4) when it reverted to the Crown, probably by his death. It was immediately regranted in fee to Robert Mauduit, (fn. 5) a royal chamberlain and younger son of a family whose chief estates were in Buckinghamshire. (fn. 6) He had succeeded FitzHamon in his constableship of Salisbury, and it is possible that the estate was regarded as appurtenant to that office. (fn. 7) Robert obtained a renewal of the grant when Richard I succeeded to the throne, (fn. 8) but was dead by 1191. (fn. 9) His son and heir Thomas was a minor, and was in the successive wardships of Robert de Tregoze (fn. 10) and Hugh de Bosco (fn. 11) until he came of age by Michaelmas 1204. (fn. 12) Thomas held Warminster, except for a forfeiture when he joined John's enemies, (fn. 13) until his death c. 1244, when he was succeeded by his son William. (fn. 14) William was dead by 1264, leaving a son Thomas, a minor, whose wardship was granted to Warin de Bassingburn, his uncle. (fn. 15) In 1270 Thomas was given licence to let the manor of Warminster while he went to the Holy Land with Prince Edward. (fn. 16) He probably died abroad, for in 1271 the wardship of his heir Warin was granted to Richard, King of the Romans. (fn. 17) In 1275 Thomas's widow Joan held Warminster in dower. (fn. 18) Warin came of age c. 1290 and in 1294 was licensed to let Warminster to Bogo de Knoville, the last holder of his wardship, for six years. (fn. 19) At Warin's death in 1300 he was succeeded by his son Thomas, (fn. 20) who came of age in 1308 (fn. 21) and was executed after the battle of Boroughbridge in 1322. (fn. 22) Warminster was immediately granted to Hugh le Despenser the elder, (fn. 23) but on the accession of Edward III Thomas's widow Eleanor was assigned her dower in it, (fn. 24) and the custody of the remainder granted to John de Kingston during the minority of John, the heir. (fn. 25) John came of age in 1332, and settled Warminster on himself and Juliane his wife in the same year. (fn. 26) He died in 1364 leaving as heir, after the termination of his widow's estate, his granddaughter Maud, daughter of his son Thomas who was already dead. (fn. 27)
• Inquisition: Post mortem, 4 Apr 1364. 5 593. JOHN MAUDUYT of Wermenstre, knight.
• Manorial Estate, 1379-1399, Grately Manor, Grateley, Andover, Hampshire, SP11, GB. 6 GRATELY is not mentioned in Domesday Book, but in 1130 the sheriff was farming the manor, which had belonged to Robert de Matteom, who was either dead or had forfeited. (fn. 4) William the Chaplain, or as is more probable William the Chamberlain (Camera), that is to say William Mauduit, was holding in 1167 (fn. 5) and the manor remained with the Mauduit family. Thomas Mauduit is named in the Testa de Nevill as holding a knight's fee in Grately of the Earl of Hertford. (fn. 6) As Mr. Round has pointed out under Over Wallop (q.v.) this is clearly an error for the Earl of Hertford, since Grately certainly had the Bohuns for overlords and when the earldom reverted to the Crown the king became overlord. (fn. 7) Thomas Mauduit died in 1270, and four years later his manors of Dean and Grately were in the hands of Sir Alan de Plugenet, who granted them, with certain provisoes, to Sir John de St. Walery from the Thursday after the Feast of St. Peter and St. Paul in 1274. until Michaelmas 1279. (fn. 8) In 1295 licence was granted to Thomas's son Warin Mauduit of Warminster, tenant in chief, to demise Grately and other manors to Bevis de Knovill (fn. 9) for six years. (fn. 10) Warin Mauduit died seised of the manor in 1300, (fn. 11) leaving a son and heir Thomas Mauduit, who is named in the Nomina Villarum of 1316: sed mater tenet in dote. (fn. 12) In 1318 he had a grant of free warren, (fn. 13) but being on the Lancastrian side at Boroughbridge in 1322 he was taken prisoner, his estates were confiscated and himself executed. (fn. 14) Edward III, however, restored the estates to his son John Mauduit, who was lord of the manor in 1332, (fn. 15) and was assessed in the Aid of 1346 as holding half a fee which had belonged to Robert de Bury. (fn. 16) John Mauduit died in 1364 seised of Warminster Manor (though the inquisition makes no mention of Grately), leaving Maud daughter of his son Thomas as his heir, then aged nine. (fn. 17) Juliana widow of John Mauduit was seised of the manor at her death, (fn. 18) after which it passed to the said Maud, then wife of Sir Henry Greene of Drayton (co. Northants.), who had livery of seisin in May 1379. (fn. 19) Sir Henry Greene was a privy councillor to Richard II and high in the royal favour, for which when Henry of Bolingbroke was in the ascendant he lost both his estates and his life. (fn. 20) In the first year of his reign, however, the new king restored the estates to Sir Henry's son Ralph, (fn. 21) who was afterwards knighted and died seised of Grately in 1417. (fn. 22) He was succeeded by his brother John Greene, who is named in the Feudal Aid of 1428 as holding half a fee in Grately, (fn. 23) and in that of 1431 as holding one-sixth. (fn. 24) He died in 1433, (fn. 25) and was succeeded by his eldest surviving son Henry, who was twice married, first to Constance Paulet and secondly to Margaret Ros, but left an only daughter Constance. She carried the manor by marriage to the Lord John Stafford (third surviving son of Humphrey first Duke of Buckingham) created Earl of Wiltshire in 1470.
• Inquisition: Post mortem, 24 Apr 1379. 2 122. Juliana, late the wife of John Mauduyt
Matilda married Sir Henry Grene, son of Sir Henry Grene of Boughton and Katherine de Drayton, before Aug 1364. (Sir Henry Grene was born about 1347 and died on 29 Jul 1399 7.). The cause of his death was beheaded.
1 Robert Halstead, <i>Succint genealogies of the noble and ancient houses of Alno or de Alneto, Broc of Stephale, Latimer of Duntish, Drayton of Drayton, Mauduit of Westminster, Green of Drayton, Vere of Addington, Fitz-Lewes of Westhornedon, Howard of Effingham and Mordaunt of Turvey justified by publick records, ancient and extant charters, histories and other authentick proofs, and enriched with divers sculptures of tombs, images, seals, and other curiosities </i> (London, GB: W. Burrell, 1685), 121.
2 J E E S Sharp and A E Stamp, <i>Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem </i> (London: n.p., n.d.), 15 Richard II: 42-59.
3 William Page, editor, <i>A History of the County of Hampshire</i>, 4 (London: Victoria County History, 1911), 4: 205-207.
4 <i>A History of the County of Wiltshire</i>, 17 (London: Victoria County History, 1965), 8: 96-103.
5 J E E S Sharp and A E Stamp, <i>Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem </i> (London: n.p., n.d.), 11 (Edward III): 452-468.
6 William Page, editor, <i>A History of the County of Hampshire</i>, 4 (London: Victoria County History, 1911), 4: 369-371.
7 J E E S Sharp and A E Stamp, <i>Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem </i> (London: n.p., n.d.), 19 Henry IV: 95-112.
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