Aucher Chevauchesul of Tetsworth 1
- Marriage (1): Mabilia
- Died: Bef 1146 1
Another name for Aucher was Awcher Chevauchesul.
TETSWORTH does not appear by name in the Domesday survey, but its lands were included in the Bishop of Lincoln's Thame manor of 60 hides. It is probable that it was represented mainly by the 10 hides held by a certain Robert, one of the bishop's knights, and that he is to be identified with the Robert who held of the bishop in Banbury, Cropredy, and Wickham. He may very possibly have been the father of Aucher Chevauchesul, who flourished at Tetsworth in the first half of the 12th century, and the grandfather of Robert Chevauchesul. This last was in possession of Tetsworth by c. 1146, and Tetsworth must have been included in the 3 fees he was holding of the Bishop of Lincoln in 1166. The date of his death is uncertain, but he appears to have been alive in 1201. At that date he was holding only 1 out of his 3 Oxfordshire fees; the other 2 fees had been for some time in the possession of his two sisters Emma and Maud. Maud had married Peter Talemasch, possibly the son of Hugh Talemasch of Stoke Talmage, and himself lord of Stoke. Peter, however, had died by 1181, and Maud must have died before 1198, for it was their son Richard who was then in possession of half the Tetsworth fee. In this year (1198-9) he and Robert Danvers, the heir to a moiety of the Tetsworth and Epwell fees, were engaged in an assize of mort d'ancestor over two of their Oxfordshire fees, a suit which may have had some connexion with Peter's debts to the Jews recorded in the same year. Richard married Avice Taillard, a sister of Richard Taillard who frequently witnesses charters with him, and appears to have died in or before 1205, when his son and heir Peter is found in possession of a ½-fee at Finstock in Charlbury, a part of his father's property. In 1209-12 Peter Talemasch and Robert Danvers were returned as joint lords of Tetsworth; Talemasch was said to hold a ¾-fee. When a survey of the bishop's Thame manors was made c. 1225 Peter Talemasch was still holding. Robert Danvers's share had descended to him from William Danvers of Bourton and Chislehampton, who had acquired it by his marriage with Emma Chevauchesul. William Danvers was one of Henry II's knights, and it has been plausibly suggested that he may have supported the king against Becket, since he was omitted from Thame Abbey's prayers for his family. Robert the son of William and Emma had succeeded by c. 1197, and his younger brother Ralph was then holding part of Tetsworth of him. Robert was a man of some standing: he acted as king's assessor in Oxfordshire in 1200. He was still holding the Tetsworth fee in 1209-12, but on the marriage of his eldest son Geoffrey before 1222 he gave 1½ fee, including his Tetsworth fee, as dowry for Geoffrey's wife Sara. Both Geoffrey and his father were dead by the time of the Lincoln survey (c. 1225), when William Danvers, Geoffrey's brother and heir, was recorded as holder of the Tetsworth fee. From a final concord made in May 1225 it appears that Geoffrey died before 1225, for by then Sara had already taken a second husband.
William Danvers seems to have died before 1247. He was followed by his eldest son Robert, who in 1279 held the Tetsworth and Epwell fees including the land once held by the Talemasches. In 1305 it was specifically stated that Robert Danvers was heir to Peter Talemasch's fee. A 14th-century record shows that Robert's son Simon held both the Danvers and Talemasch fees and that each contained property in both Tetsworth and Epwell. Simon had subinfeudated his Tetsworth land which was mainly held by Thame Abbey. In 1316 Simon Danvers and the Abbot of Thame were returned as joint lords of Tetsworth and in that year Simon was summoned for military service as one of the lords of Tetsworth, Epwell and Swalcliffe, Drayton, Stadhampton, and other lands. Simon lived until at least 1327 but before his death he disposed of some of his Tetsworth property. In 1321 he gave some 4½ virgates and a 2/3-fee there to Geoffrey de Stokes and his wife Alice, who may have been Simon's daughter, with remainder to their son Geoffrey. In 1336 John de Wheatfield acquired the 2/3-fee from a Geoffrey de Waterbeck, perhaps the same man as Geoffrey de Stokes. He died about 1345 and in the following year his son John was returned as holding a ?-fee in Tetsworth. His assessment on only a ?-fee, John son of Simon Danvers and the Prebendary of Thame each holding another third, may represent some internal arrangement concerning the fee. John de Wheatfield had died by 1361 and his heirs were Joan and Elizabeth. They succeeded to the Tetsworth land, but in 1367 a Nicholas Tetsworth obtained half the property from Reginald de Grey and his wife Elizabeth and in 1374 he obtained the other half from Hugh Streatley and his wife Joan. The descent of the property is not clear after this. In 1428 Walter Cotton, at that time lord of a Bletchingdon manor and of Exning (Suff.), held the Wheat field and Danvers property in Tetsworth, but no later reference to the Cotton tenure has been found. It is probable that the land was entirely held by sub-tenants and became merged in other manors. The prebendary's ?-fee likewise has not been traced beyond 1428, but it appears to have followed the descent of Thame prebend.
From: 'Parishes: Tetsworth', A History of the County of Oxford: Volume 7: Dorchester and Thame hundreds (1962), pp. 147-160. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=63774 Date accessed: 26 April 2013.
Aucher married Mabilia.