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Geoffroy [I] de Bretagne Duc de Bretagne
(Abt 0980-1008)
Havise de Normandie
Alain de Cornouaïlle Comte de Cornouaïlle
Judith de Nantes
Eudes [I] de Bretagne Duc de Bretagne, Comte de Penthièvre
Orguen de Cornouaïlle
Alain de Bretagne


Family Links

1. Unknown

Alain de Bretagne

  • Marriage (1): Unknown
  • Died: 4 Aug 1093 1
  • BuriedMale: Bury St. Edmunds Abbey, Angel Hill, Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk, IP33 1UZ, GB 1

   Another name for Alain was Alain "Rufus" de Bretagne.1

  General Notes:

ALAIN "Rufus/the Red" de Bretagne (-4 Aug 1093, bur Bury St Edmunds). "Comes Eudo, uxor eius Orguen et filii eorum Gausfridus, Alanus, Willelmus, Rotbertus, Ricardus…" witnessed the charter dated to [1056/60] records the history of the acquisition by Angers Saint-Aubin of property "in pago Belvacensi", finally donated by "comiti Britannie Eudoni". It is not known whether "Alanus" in this charter refers to Alain "Rufus" or to Alain "Niger". The fact that only one of these sons is named in this document suggests that the other was illegitimate. For the purpose of presentation in this document, it has been assumed that the illegitimate son was Alain "Niger", who succeeded to the honours in Yorkshire after the death of his [half-]brother Alain "Rufus", but this is not beyond all doubt. The Genealogia Comitum Richemundiæ names "Alanum…Rufum…Alanus Niger…Stephanus" as the three sons of "Eudo Comes Britanniæ", stating that Alain "Rufus" came to England with "Willelmo bastard Duce Normanniæ" who awarded him the "honorem et Comitatum Comitis Edwini in Eborakshire…Richmundshire" and built "castrum Richemont" but died childless and was buried "apud S Edmundum". He is said to have commanded the Breton contingent, with his brother Alain "the Black", at the battle of Hastings in 1066. He was granted land in Yorkshire by William I King of England, where he built the castle of Richmond. "Comes Alanus Rufus" donated property to Swavesey Abbey, Cambridgeshire, for the soul of "patris sui Eudonis comitis", by undated charter witnessed by "…Ribaldus et Bardulfus fratres comitis…". He commanded the king's garrison in Normandy at the time of the siege of the castle of Sainte-Suzanne in [1083/85]. "Omnes fratres eius: Briennius…comes Anglice terre et Alanus Rufus eius…successor…alter Alanus qui et Niger dicebatur…tertius successit in regno et quidam qui sororem eius bastardam uxorem duxerat Enisandus de Pleveno" witnessed the charter dated 1084, relating to the foundation of the priory of Saint-Martin de Lamballe by "Gauffredus Britannorum comes qui et Boterellus cognominabatur". "Geoffrey count of the Bretons called Boterel" donated property to the abbey of Saint-Florent, Saumur with the consent of "all his brothers namely Brientius comes Angliæ terræ, and Alan Rufus his successor and another Alan who was called Niger, this third succeeded him in the kingdom" by charter dated to [1084].

Mistress: GUNHILD, illegitimate daughter of HAROLD II King of England & his mistress Eadgyth Swanneshals (-after 1093). Alan abducted Gunhild, daughter of Harold II King of England, from Wilton Abbey in 1093 and lived with her.

Alain & his mistress had [one possible illegitimate child]: Mathilde. 1

Alain married.


1 Charles Cawley, <i>Medieval Lands</i>.

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