William de Braose 2nd Baron Braose
- Marriage (1): Agnes
- Marriage (2): Elizabeth de Sully
- Died: Bef 1 May 1326 1
Sir WILLIAM de Breuse (-before 1 May 1326). Wrottesley shows "William, Richard ob s.p., Peter, Margaret" as the children of "William de Breouse lord of Brembre 9 E.1=Mary", in a claim brought by "Thomas de Breouse" against "Alina formerly wife of John de Moubray" for the manors of Grenestede, Wassington and Fyndon in Sussex. Lord Brewose.
m firstly ---.
m secondly ELIZABETH de Sully, daughter of Sir RAYMUND de Sully of Sully, co. Glamorgan & his wife --- ([1295/96]-before 24 Aug 1328).
Sir William & his first wife had two children: Aline and Joan.
SIR WILLIAM DE BREWES or BREWOSE, Lord of Bramber and Gower, son and heir, by 1st wife. Having done homage, he had livery of his father's lands 1 March 1290/1. He was summoned cum equis et armis from 14 June 1294 to 18 April 1323, to attend the King wherever he might be, 8 June 1294, to attend the King at Salisbury, 26 January 1296/7, and to Parliament from 29 December 1299 to 18 September 1322, by writs directed Willelmo de Brewosa. As Willelmus de Breuhosa dominus de Gower, he took part in the Barons letter to the Pope, 12 February 1300/1.
He married, 1stly, Agnes (e). He married, 2ndly, before 24 April 1317, Elizabeth., daughter and heir of Sir Raymund DE SULLY, of Sully, co, Glamorgan. He died shortly before 1 May 1326, having alienated his lordships of Bramber and Gower to his son-in-law, John de Mowbray. His widow, who was aged 20 and more at her father's death in 1316/7 died s.p., before 24 August 1328 (h).
He left 2 daughters and coheirs (i). (1) Aline, [probably in fact the younger daughter, aged 8 in 1298] married, 1stly, in 1298, at Swansea, Sir John de Mowbray, of Axholme, co. Lincoln [LORD MOWBRAY], who was hanged at York (after the battle of Boroughbridge 23 March 1321/2. She married, 2ndly, Sir Richard de Peshale, and died before 21 August 1331, (2) Joan married, 1stly, in or before 1301, James de Bohun, of Midhurst, Sussex, who died in 1306. She married, 2ndly, Sir Richard Foliot, of Gressenhall, Norfolk, and died before 23 June 1324 [probably 11 May in a chapel in St. Benet's Abbey, Holme, Norfolk.] Among their representatives any hereditary Barony, that may be supposed to have been created in 1290 is in abeyance.
[e] A charter, granted by William de Breuse gives the name Agnes. Genealogists mention only Elizabeth de Sully as his wife, and as the mother of his 2 daughters. But this is erroneous. Raymund de Sully was described as aged 23 when he succeeded his father, Walter (before 26 Dec. 1285 Fine Roll, 14 Edw. I, mm. 17, 15) in the Inq. p. m. on the latter (14 Edw. I, no. 1, now missing), and his mother Mabel (de Somery) did not die till 1311 (Ch. Inq. p. m., Edw. II, file 24, no. 9), when he is described as 40 and more. He could not therefore have been the great-grandfather of John de Bohun, b. 1301 (see "Bohun"]
(h) At which date, and afterwards, John de Avene (Avan, co. Glamorgan), son of Leisan d'Avan, son of Sibyl, sister and in her issue coheir of Raymund de Sully, described himself as "dominus Davene de Kilvei et de Sully".
(i) He had a son William, living Apr 1315, who is not mentioned by any geneologists. A charter by Gilbert de Turberville, "dominus de Landymore", dated 27 Apr 9 Edw III, mentions the lands which he had by the gift of "domini Willelmi de Brewousa".
[Complete Peerage II:303-4, XIV:111, transcribed by Dave Utzinger]
William de Braose, in the 22nd of Edward I , had summons to attend the king with other great men to advise regarding the important affairs of the realm. And about the beginning of the ensuing September, he was one of those who embarked at Portsmouth with horse and arms in the king's service for Gascony. In the 28th and 29th of the same reign,he was in the wars of Scotland, and in the latter year he had summons to parliament as a baron. In the 32nd , he was again in the Scottish wars and then enjoyed so much favour that the king not only confirmed to him and his heirs the grant of Gower Land, made by King john to his ancestor, but granted that he and they should thenceforth enjoy all regal jurisdiction, liberties, and privileges there in as ample a manner as Gilder de Clare, son of Richard de Clare, sometimes Earl of Gloucester, had in all his lands of Glamorgan. For several years afterwards, his lordship appears to have been constantly engaged upon the same theatre of war and was always eminently distinguished. In the 14th Edward II , according to Thomas of Walsingham, being "a person who had a large patrimony but a great unthrift," his lordship put up for sale his noble territory of Gower Land, and absolutely sold it under the king's license to the Earl of Hereford; but its contiguity to the lands of the younger Spencer (who was then high in royal favour, and the king's chamberlain), attracting the attention of that minion, he forcibly possessed himself of the estate and thus gave rise to the insurrection headed by Thomas Plantagenet, Earl of Lancaster. Lord Braose m. Aliva, dau. of Thomas de Moulton, and had issue, Aliva, m. 1st, to John de Mowbray, and 2ndly, to Sir Richard de Pershall, and Joan, m. to John* de Bohun, of Midhurst. His lordship, who had regular summons to parliament to 18 September, 1322, d. in that year, when the Barony of Braose, of Gower, fell into abeyance between his daus. and co-heirs, and it so continues with their representatives.
[Sir Bernard Burke, Dormant and Extinct Peerages, Burke's Peerage Ltd, London, England, 1883, pp. 72-73, Braose, Barons Braose, of Gower]
* The Bohun entry on pg. 58 in the same source cited above, states it was James de Bohun, younger brother of John de Bohun, who d. s. p., that Joan married. 2
• Inquisition: Post mortem, 1 May 1326. 1 701. WILLIAM DE BREWOSA alias DE BREWOSE.
Writ, 1 May, 19 Edward II.
KENT. Inq. Friday after the Nativity of St. John the Baptist, 19 Edward II.
Wykham. The manor and advowson, held for life, by the demise of Hugh le Despenser, earl of Winchester, who had the same by the enfeoffment of the said William, with remainder to the said earl and his heirs, of the bishop of Lyncoln in gavelkind by service of a sore sparrowhawk yearly.
SUSSEX. Inq. Thursday, 12 June, 19 Edward II.
The said William held the manors of Kneppe and Beaubusson and the town of Horsham for life as part of the barony of Brembre, which is held of the king in chief by service of 1 1/2 knight's fee, as of the inheritance of Hugh le Despenser, earl of Winchester, as appears by a fine levied in the king's court between Aline late the wife of John de Moubray and the said earl. And the said William lately held the castle and manor of Brembre with the town of Shorham (extent given), for life as part of the aforesaid barony, as of the inheritance of the said earl as appears by the fine aforesaid, but demised them to the king, for his own life.
Kneppe alias La Kneppe. The manor (extent given), including a park.
St. Leonard's. The forest held for life of the inheritance of the said earl pertaining to the said barony.
Beaubosson alias Beaubossoun. The manor (extent given), including a park.
Horsham. Two views of frank pledge.
Brembre. A castle, mill, fishery, 16a. meadow, a salt marsh, 13s. 4d. rent, &c.
Shorham. The town worth 20l. yearly in rents, customs &c.
And he held for life 16 1/2 knights' fees pertaining to the said barony, as of the said inheritance, worth 33l. when scutage runs at 40s.
Aline late the wife of John de Moubray, and John de Bohoun son and heir of Joan late the wife of James de Bohoun, are his next heirs, and of full age.
C. Edw. II. File 97. (6.)
William married Agnes.
William next married Elizabeth de Sully, daughter of Raymond de Sully and Unknown. (Elizabeth de Sully was born before 1297 3 and died before 24 Aug 1328 2.)