Ealdnoth
(-1068)
Harding
(-After 1100)
Robert FitzHarding of Berkeley, Gloucetsershire
(Abt 1094/1096-1171)

 

Family Links

Spouses/Children:
1. Eva

Robert FitzHarding of Berkeley, Gloucetsershire 2 3 4

  • Born: Abt 1094-1096 1 2 3 4
  • Marriage (1): Eva 1
  • Died: 5 Feb 1171 aged about 77 1 2 3
  • BuriedMale: St. Augustine's Abbey [now Bristol Cathedral], Bristol, GB 1

   Another name for Robert was Robert "The Devout" FitzHarding.

  General Notes:

ROBERT FitzHarding, son of HARDING & his wife --- ([1094/96]-5 Feb 1171, bur Bristol St Augustine). Henri Duke of Normandy [later King Henry II] granted "manerium Betthone...et...terre in manerio de Berkelai" to "Rodberto filio Hard[ingi]" by charter dated to [1153], witnessed by "...Jordanus frater Rodberti et Jordanus et David nepotes eius...". "Robertus filius Hardingi" founded the priory of St Augustine at Bristol, during the reign of King Henry II, by undated charter witnessed by "Henrico decano Moretonić et Mauritio fratre eius…". A charter of King Edward II recalls the foundation of Bristol St Augustine, quoting a charter of King Henry II which was witnessed by "…Roberto filio Hardingi, Henrico et Mauricio filiis eius…", and a charter of "Robertus filius Hardingi" witnessed by "Henri. archid. Exon. Mauricio, Nicholao, Roberto fratribus eius…". Dugdale´s Monasticon records that Robert FitzHarding and his wife were buried in St Augustine´s Bristol (no corresponding source quoted).

m EVA, daughter of --- (-12 Mar 1171 or 1173, bur Bristol St Augustine). "Robert Fitzharding" notified his grant of "land of Combe" to "his brother Helyas" by charter dated to [1150/60], witnessed by "Domina Eva, Maurice, Nicholas and Robert his sons...Otho son of William...". Dugdale´s Monasticon records that the nunnery of St Mary at St Michael´s on the Hill in Bristol was founded by "Eva…widow to Robert Fitzharding" who became the first prioress, during the reign of King Henry II, adding that she died in 1173 and was buried next to her husband in St Augustine´s Bristol (no corresponding source quoted). The Complete Peerage states that she died 12 Mar 1170 (O.S.) (no corresponding source cited).

Robert & his wife had [eight] children: Maurice, Henry, Nicholas, Robert, Elias, a daughter, Aldeva and [Margaret].

[FMG/Medieval Lands]

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Robert Fitz Harding, feudal Lord of Berkeley; granted by Henry II 1153/4 the castle of Berkeley, Glos, founder 1141 of Abbey of St Augustine, Bristol.

[Burke's Peerage]

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Robert FitzHardinge obtained for his fidelity to King Henry II the Castle of Berkeley, wrested from Roger de Berkeley, or Dursley, a partisan of Stephen, and thereby became one of the feudal barons of the realm. He married Eva, niece of William the Conqueror, and founded the monastery of St. Augustine, at Bristol, in the year 1140, and was buried there in 1170. He was s. by his eldest son, Maurice de Berkeley.

[John Burke, History of the Commoners of Great Britain and Ireland, Vol. I., R. Bentley, London, 1834-1838, p. 469, Berkeley, of Spetchley]

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Robert Fitz Harding, who "may bee called Rober the Devout," son of Harding (d), said to have been a merchant of Bristol, and of great wealth and influence, received from Henry of Anjou, in 1153 or 1154, shortly before his accession as Henry II, a grant (among others) of the Castle and "herness " of Berkeley which was confirmed by the said Henry when King, probably in 1155 the first year of his reign, whereby he the said Robert (doubtless) became feudal LORD OF BERKELEY. In 1168 he entetained Dermot Mae Murrough, King of Leinster, on his arrival, at Bristol, to solicit succour from Henry II. He founded, in 1141, the Abbey of St. Augustine, at Bristol, of which he afterwards became a canon.

He married Eve (c). He died 5 February 1170/1, aged about 75. His wife, who founded a priory of nuns on St. Michael's hill, Bristol, whereof she died Prioress, 12 March 1170, was buried with her husband.

[Complete Peerage II:124-25, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)]

(d) The parentage of this Harding (living c 1125) has been long and hotly disputed. He has been termed "son of the King of Denmark" (as in the petition of 1661), "Mayor of Bristol", and so forth. The view now generally accepted is that he was the son of Eadnoth (killed 1068), "Staller" to King Harold and to Edward the Confessor. E.A. Freeman pronounces this descent "in the highest degree probable." Eyton (in his "Shropshire") devoted much attention to the subject.

(c) She is alleged to have been sister of Durand, daughter of Sir Estmond, by Godiva, his wife, a pedigree which J. H. Round denounces as "obviously absurd". 1


Robert married Eva.1 (Eva died 12 Mar 1171 or 1173 in St. Michael on the Mount Without (Church), St. Michael's Hill, Bristol, BS2 8DT, GB 3 5 and was buried in St. Augustine's Abbey [now Bristol Cathedral], Bristol, GB.)


Sources


1 Charles Cawley, <i>Medieval Lands</i>.

2 William Henry Turton, <i>The Plantagenet Ancestry</i> (1968), 120.

3 Charles Mosley, <i>Burke's Peerage & Baronetage</i> (Burke's Peerage, 1999), 254.

4 George Edward Cokayne, "Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom" (Sutton Publishing Ltd., 2000), II:124-5.

5 George Edward Cokayne, "Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom" (Sutton Publishing Ltd., 2000), II:125.

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