Máel Coluim mac Cináeda King Malcolm II of Scotland
(Abt 0954-1034)
Crinan Steward of the Western Isles, Mormaer of Atholl
Bethoc Lady of Atholl
Donnchad mac Crínáin Dunkeld King Duncan I of Scotland
(Abt 1001-1040)


Family Links

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Donnchad mac Crínáin Dunkeld King Duncan I of Scotland

  • Born: Abt 1001
  • Marriage (1): Unknown
  • Died: 14 Aug 1040 aged about 39
  • BuriedMale: Iona Abbey, Iona, Argyll and Bute, Scotland, GB

   Cause of his death was Killed in battle.

  General Notes:

DUNCAN [Donnchad], son of CRINAN "the Thane" Mormaer of Atholl & his wife Bethoc of the Scots ([1001]-killed in battle either Bothganowan/Pitgaveny, near Elgin, or Burghead 14 Aug 1040, bur Isle of Iona). His parentage is confirmed by the Annals of Ulster which record the death of "Donnchad son of Crínán, king of Scotland" in 1040. He is not named as king in the 12th century Cronica Regum Scottorum king-list. The Chronicle of John of Fordun names "Duncan" as son of "Crynyne Abthane of Dul and Steward of the Isles" and his wife. He succeeded in 1018 as King of Strathclyde. He succeeded his maternal grandfather in 1034 as DUNCAN I King of Scotland. Orkneyinga Saga records that "Karl Hundason" succeeded King Malcolm in Scotland and records his battles with Thorfinn Jarl of Orkney. No other record has been identified of this alleged person. The Annales Dunelmenses record that "Dumechanus rex Scotorum" besieged Durham in 1039 with a large army but retreated from the siege. He was killed in battle by his first cousin, Macbeth, who succeeded as King of Scotland. The Chronicon of Marianus Scottus records that "Donnchal rex Scotiæ" was killed "1040 XIX Kal Sep" by "duce suo Macbethad mac Finnloech" who succeeded as king for 17 years. The Annals of Ulster record that "Donnchad son of Crínán, king of Scotland, was killed by his own people" in 1040. The Annals of Tigernach record that "Donncadh mac Crínan, airdrí Alban" was killed "immaturo etate a suis" in 1040. The Chronicle of John of Fordun records that Duncan was killed by "Machabeus son of Finele…at Bothgofnane" and buried in the island of Iona. The Chronicle of the Scots and Picts dated 1177 records that "Donchath mac Cran Abbatis de Dunkelden et Bethok filia Malcolm mac Kynnet" reigned for 6 years, was killed "a Maketh mac Fyngel in Bothngouane" and was buried "in Yona insula".

m ([1030]) [SIBYLLA], [cousin of SIWARD Earl of Northumbria, daughter of ---]. The Chronicle of John of Fordun records that the mother of Malcolm and Donald Bane, Duncan´s sons, was "the cousin of Earl Siward". This information is not included in any earlier source and should be considered dubious. In one earlier king list, King Malcolm III's mother is named "Suthen". No reference has been found in primary sources to her being named Sibylla, the name found in many secondary sources.

King Duncan I & his wife had two children: Malcolm and Donald.

Donnchad married.

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