Richard [I] de Normandie Comte de Normandie
(Abt 0932-0996)


Family Links

1. Emma de France
2. Gunnora

3. Unknown

Richard [I] de Normandie Comte de Normandie

  • Born: Abt 932, Fécamp, Seine-Maritime, Haute-Normandie, 76400, FR 1
  • Marriage (1): Emma de France in 960 in Rouen, Seine-Maritime, Haute-Normandie, 76000, FR 1
  • Marriage (2): Gunnora before 989 1
  • Marriage (3): Unknown
  • Died: 20 Nov 996, Fécamp, Seine-Maritime, Haute-Normandie, 76400, FR aged about 64 1
  • BuriedMale: Fécamp, Seine-Maritime, Haute-Normandie, 76400, FR 1

   Another name for Richard was Richard I "Sans Peur" de Normandie.1

  General Notes:

RICHARD, son of GUILLAUME Comte [de Normandie] & his first [wife] Sprota --- (Fécamp [932]-Fécamp 20 Nov 996, bur Fécamp). Guillaume of Jumièges records that, after the rebel "Riulfus" was defeated at the battle of "Pratum-belli", a messenger arrived "a...Fiscannensis castri" and reported the birth of his son to "nobilissima puella Danico more sibi iuncta...Sprota" to Guillaume who ordered him to be sent immediately to "Baiocas...episcopo Henrico" for baptism as "Richardum". Flodoard records "filio ipsius Willelmi, nato de concubina Brittana" being granted the land of the Normans by King Louis after his father's death. Richard is described as "a boy" on the death of his father by Dudo of Saint-Quentin. Guillaume of Jumièges records that, after his father was killed, "puerum Richardum" was recalled from Bayeux and placed "sub tutela Bernardi Dani". He succeeded his father as RICHARD I "Sans Peur" Comte [de Normandie]. Orderic Vitalis records that "Willelmus dux" was killed in 942 "fraude Arnulphi Flandrensis satrapæ" and that "Ricardus filius eius...tunc decem annorum" was made "dux Normannorum" a position which he held for 54 years. He used the title Comte de Rouen/comes Rothomagensium, and from 966 Marquis des Normands/marchio Normannorum. Guillaume of Jumièges records that Louis IV King of the West Franks, after the death of Richard´s father, marched on Rouen, was received by "Rodulphus et Bernardus atque Anslech totius Normannici ducatus tutores", and captured Richard, who was taken to Laon but was freed by "Osmundus...consilio cum Yvone patre Willelmi de Belismo" and taken to "Silvanectis" where "Bernardus...comes" protected "nepotem suum Richardum". His forces defeated the army of Otto I King of Germany after it attempted to capture Rouen in revenge for the escape of comte Richard from captivity. Comte Richard defeated French forces after King Lothaire of France captured Evreux. Dudo de Saint-Quentin records that, soon after succeeding, Richard suppressed the rebellion of Rodulf "Torta", who was banished and fled to Paris. These events are not dated, but are recounted with the betrothal of Richard to the daughter of Hugues Duc des Francs, which is dated to 956. Hugues "le Grand" Duc des Francs nominated comte Richard as guardian of his son, the future Hugues "Capet" King of France, in 956, the arrangement being confirmed by Richard's betrothal to Hugues's sister. He invited William of Volpiano, Italian abbot of Saint-Bénigne at Dijon, to reform the Norman abbeys, and installed monks at Mont-Saint-Michel and Fécamp. He agreed a non-aggression pact with Æthelred II King of England 1 Mar 991, designed no doubt to prevent either side from sheltering Viking marauders "Ricardus filius Willelmi, dux Normannie" founded Louviers "in Ebroicensi pago" by undated charter. Guillaume of Jumièges records the death "apud Fiscannum" in 996 of "Richardus dux primus". Orderic Vitalis records the death in 996 of "Ricardo seniore". The Brevis Relatio de Origine Willelmi Conquestoris records that "Ricardus…filius Willelmi et alius Ricardus" were buried "Fiscanni".

m firstly (betrothed 956, Rouen 960) EMMA, daughter of HUGUES "le Grand" Duc des Francs, Comte de Paris & his third wife Hedwig of Germany ([943]-after 19 Mar 968). The Liber Modernorum Regum Francorum records the marriage in 956 of "Richardus filius Guillelmi principis Normannorum" with "filiam Hugonis ducis", although she is not named. Guillaume of Jumièges records the betrothal of "Hugo dux...filiam suam...Emmam" and "puerum Richardum", with the consent of "Bernardi Silvanectensis", and in a later passage their marriage. No direct proof has yet been identified that Emma was the daughter of her father's third marriage. However, this is likely given that betrothals at the time normally took place when the female partner was still a child or in early adolescence. Guillaume of Jumièges records the death without children of "Emma uxor eius filia Hugonis Magni".

m secondly ([before 989]) GUNNORA, daughter of --- ([950]-5 Jan 1031). Guillaume de Jumièges records that "in domo forestarii...hospiti suo...uxorem suam Sainfriam" rejected the advances of Richard I Comte [de Normandie] and sent "Gunnorem sororem suam" to his bed in her place. Guillaume of Jumièges records that Richard married "Gunnor ex nobilissima Danorum prosapia ortam", in the sentence which follows the record of the death of Richard´s first wife. According to Robert de Torigny, the marriage took place to legitimise Richard and Gunnora's son Robert to permit his appointment as Archbishop of Rouen. The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Gunnor" as the wife of "dux Normannie primus Richardus". "Duke Richard [II]" donated property to the abbey of Mont Saint-Michel by charter dated to [1024/26], subscribed by "…Gonnor matris comitis…". Robert of Torigny records the death in 1030 of "Gunnor comitissa uxor primi Ricardi". The necrology of Saint-Père-en-Vallée records the death "Non Jan" of "Gonnoridis…comitissa Normannie".

Richard & his second wife had eight children (legitimated [before 989] by the subsequent marriage of their parents): Richard, Robert, Robert, Mauger, a son, Emma, Havise and Mathilde. 1

Richard married Emma de France in 960 in Rouen, Seine-Maritime, Haute-Normandie, 76000, FR.1 (Emma de France was born about 943 1 and died after 18 Mar 968 1.)

Richard next married Gunnora before 989.1 (Gunnora was born about 950 1 and died on 5 Jan 1031 1.)

Richard next married.


1 Charles Cawley, <i>Medieval Lands</i>.

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