Richard de Clare 3rd Earl of Hertford, MCS 2 3
- Born: Abt 1153 4
- Marriage (1): Amice FitzRobert 3rd Countess of Gloucester about 1180
- Marriage (2): Alina 1
- Died: Bef 28 Nov 1217 3 5 6
- BuriedMale: Clare Priory, Ashen Road, Clare, Sudbury, Suffolk, CO10 8NX, GB
RICHARD (-[30 Oct/28 Nov] 1217, bur Clare). Robert of Torigny records the death in 1173 of "Rogerius comes de Clara" and the succession of "Ricardus filius eius". He succeeded his father as 3rd Earl of Hertford. He sided with the Barons against King John, and played a leading part in the negotiations for Magna Carta. The Chronica de Fundatoribus et Fundationeof Tewkesbury Abbey records the death in 1206 of "Ricardo de Clare" and his burial "apud Clare".
m (, divorced before 1200) AMICE of Gloucester, daughter of WILLIAM FitzRobert Earl of Gloucester & his wife Hawise de Beaumont (-1 Jan 1225). An anonymous continuation of the Chronicle of Robert of Mont-Saint-Michel records (in order) "Comitissa Ebroicensis…uxor Guillelmi Comitis de Clara, tertia…in manu Dei et domini Regis" as the three daughters left by "Guillelmus Comes Glocestrić" when he died. The Chronica de Fundatoribus et Fundatione of Tewkesbury Abbey names "Mabiliam comiti de Evereis in Normannia nuptam…Amiciam…Isabellam" as the three daughters of "comes Willielmus" and his wife, adding that Amice married"domino Richardo de Clare comiti de Hertford". Benedict of Peterborough records "uxori comitis de Clara" as "Willelmus filius Roberti filii regis Henrici primi comes Gloucestrić…filiam ipsius comitis". Robert of Torigny records the death in 1173 of "Rogerius comes de Clara" and the succession of "Ricardus filius eius", recording that the latter was married to "filiam Guillermi comitis Gloecestrić". In another passage, Robert of Torigny records the death in 1183 of "Guillermus comes Gloecestrić" leaving three daughters as his heirs, of whom one (mentioned second) was "uxor Guillermi comitis de Clara". She was recognised as Ctss of Gloucester in her own right after , following the death of her nephew Amaury [VI] de Montfort Comte d'Evreux.
Richard & his wife had three children: Gilbert, Richard and Matilda.
Richard de Clare, Magna Charta Surety 1215, d. bet. 30 Oct & 28 Nov 1217, Earl of Hertford, son of Roger de Clare, Earl of Hertford, and Maud, daughter of James de St. Hilary; m. Amice, Countess of Gloucester, d. 1 Jan 1224/5, daughter & heir of William fitz Robert, Earl of Gloucester, and Hawise de Beaumont.
[Magna Charta Sureties]
HOLDERS OF THE HONOUR OF CLARE (VI) 1173
RICHARD [DE CLARE] Lord of Clare, Earl of Hertford, also lord of Clare, &c., son and heir. he married Amice, daughter and in her issue heir, of William [FitzRobert], EARL OF GLOUCESTER. He died November 1217.
[Complete Peerage III:244, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)]
EARLDOM OF HERTFORD (III) 1173
RICHARD (DE CLARE), EARL OF HERTFORD, but, like his father and uncle, more generally known as EARL OF CLARE, son and heir, had a grant of a moiety of the Giffard estates. He was present at the coronation of Richard I at Westminster, 3 September 1189. In 1191 he was one of the eleven appointed by the Chancellor to determine (with eleven chosen on the part of Prince John) the questions between them. In 1193 he was enjoined (with others) by the Chancellor to accompany him on his return to the King, then a prisoner in Germany. He had acquittance in 1194/5 as being with the King in the army in Normandy. On the accession of King John in 1199 he was one of those of whom Archbishop Hubert and the partisans of the King entertained most doubt, and he received a summons to Northampton, where an oath was taken that King John would restore to every man his right, if they would keep peace with him, and they swore accordingly. He was present at the coronation of King John at Westminster, 27 May 1199, and at the homage of William, King of Scotland, at Lincoln. He sided,with the Barons against King John, and his castle of Tonbridge was taken. He played a leading part in the negotiations for Magna Carta, and was one of the 25 Barons guardians thereof. On 9 Nov. 1215 he was one of the commissioners on the part of the Barons to treat of peace with the King. On 4 March 1215/6 his lands in cos. Cambridge, Norfolk-, Suffolk and Essex were granted to Robert de Betun, and, soon after his lands in other counties; and he and his son were among the Btrons excommunicated by Pope Innocent III in 1216.
He married Amice, 2nd daughter and coheir and eventually sole heir of William (FITZROBERT), EARL OF GLOUCESTER, by Hawise, daughter of Robert (DE BEAUMONT), EARL OF LEICESTER. They appear to have been separated (perhaps pending a dispensation) prior to 1200. He died between 30 October and 28 November 1217. She is stated to have died 1 January 1224/5, before which date she appears to have been recognised as Countess of Gloucester.
[Complete Peerage VI:501-3, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)]
Richard de Clare, 4th Earl of Hertford, who in the 7th Richard I gave Ł1,000 to the king for livery of the lands of his mother's inheritance with his proportion of those sometime belonging to Giffard, Earl of Buckingham. His lordship m. Amicia, 2nd dau. and co-heiress (with her sisters Mabell, wife of the Earl of Evereux, in Normandy, and Isabel, the divorced wife of King John) of William, Earl of Gloucester, by whom he had issue, Gilbert, his successor, and Joan, m. to Rhys-Grig, Prince of South Wales. This earl, who was one of the twenty-five barons appointed to enforce Magna Carta, d. in 1218, and was s. by his son, Gilbert de Clare, 5th Earl of Hertford.
[Sir Bernard Burke, Dormant and Extinct Peerages, Burke's Peerage, London, 1883, p. 119, Clare, Lords of Clare, Earls of Hertford, Earls of Gloucester]
Richard married Amice FitzRobert 3rd Countess of Gloucester, daughter of William FitzRobert 2nd Earl of Gloucester and Hawise de Beaumont, about 1180. (Amice FitzRobert 3rd Countess of Gloucester was born about 1160 7 and died on 1 Jan 1225 3 8.)
Richard next married Alina.1