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Robert Mordaunt
(-After 1346)
Joan de Bray
Sir Ralph Brok
(-Bef 1346)
Elizabeth Hussey
Edmund Mordaunt
(-1372)
Ellen Brok
(-1372)
Robert Mordaunt of Turvey, Bedfordshire
(1355-Bef 1396)

 

Family Links

Spouses/Children:
1. Agnes le Strange

Robert Mordaunt of Turvey, Bedfordshire 1 2 3

  • Born: 29 Oct 1355 4
  • Baptised: 1 Nov 1355, All Saints' Church, Turvey, Bedford, Bedfordshire, MK43 7, GB 4
  • Marriage (1): Agnes le Strange 1 2
  • Died: Bef 1396 5

  General Notes:

ROBERT MORDAUNT, after the Death of his Father, had not only the Fortune of possessing a large and plentiful Inheritance, but of enjoying it betimes, he being hardly of full age when he came in succession thereun|to. He inherited in Bedfordshire, the Lordship of Turvey, that of Clifton, and Chicheley with Lands in Elsburgh, Wedon, Hardwick, Chesham, Welpool, and Aumund|sham in the County of Bucks: In Cambridgeshire, half the Mannor of Mallots, besides Lands in Treversham and Julborne: And in Northamptonshire, the Lordship of Yerdley, besides the entire Mannor of Shephaell, and other Lands in Hertfordshire.

It was the Fortune of this Robert Mordaunt to unite the Antient Lordship of Turvey, which for the space of One Hundred and ninety five Years had (till then) been divided into Two Mannors and Jurisdictions, by the Names of Mordaunt's Man|nor, and Ardres's Mannor, ever since the Reign of King Richard the First, when it was parted, with the rest of the Alno's Lands, between Alice and Sarah de Alno, the Two Heirs of that House. For in the Forty ninth of Edward the Third, an exchange was made by Deed of Indenture, between Thomas de Ardres and Robert Mordaunt, in which the said Thomas gave and granted all his Lands, Tenements, and their appurtenances in Turvey, to the said Robert, in Fee and Exchange for all the Lands, which Robert had in Shephaell, which were of the inheritance of her Mo|ther, Helena de Broc.

This Robert Mordaunt had Married Agnes L'Estrange, the Daughter, and one of the Heirs of John L' Estrange, that was Lord of Ampton, Timworth and Brokeley, and of Elizabeth, who was Sister and Heir of William Botteler of Walden. The other Daughter of John L' Estrange, was Elizabeth, that Married John Warren, and by whose death, without Issue, the Lordships of Ampton, Timworth, Brokeley, with that of Walden, which was of those Bottelers Lands, devolved entirely to Agnes Mor|daunt, and to the Heirs of her body.

Agnes Mordaunt, after the Death of Robert, her Husband, Married again to Tho|mas de Fodringay, as appears by a Deed, bearing Date the Monday next after the Feast of St. Andrew, the Apostle, in the twentieth Year of Richard the Second, wherein Thomas of Ardres granted to Thomas de Fodringay, and Agnes, his Wife, a certain Annuity for term of the Life of the said Agnes, in Exchange for her Dower in Shephaell.

The Issue of Robert Mordaunt, and Agnes his Wife.

Robert Mordaunt.
Cassandra Mordaunt, a Nun in the Monastery of Elueston. 1

  Events

• Inquisition: Post mortem, 29 Jun 1373. 6 270. EDMUND MORDANT.

Writ of precipimus, 29 June, 47 Edward III.

CAMBRIDGE. Inq. taken at Cambridge, 5 July, 47 Edward III.

Hynton. A moiety of a toft and 50a. land, whereof 3r. are meadow, held of the son and heir of the lord de Moubray of Axholm, a minor in the king's wardship, by knight's service, a rent of 7s. 2d. yearly, and suit of court twice a year.

He died on 24 October, 46 Edward III. Robert his son, aged 15 years and more and unmarried, is his heir.

Ever since his death William de Lewmes of Hynton has had possession of the premises and received the issues.

BEDFORD. Inq. taken 24 August, 47 Edward III (place not given).

Turveye. A messuage, 92a. land, 10a. meadow, 8a. pasture, 40a. wood, and a water-mill, held of John Trailly, knight, by knight's service; two-thirds of a toft and 53 1/2a. land, held of William Mordant by knight's service; a dovecote and 60a. land, held of Thomas de Reynes, knight, by knight's service; a messuage, a dovecote, 2 cottages, and 14a. land, held of Elizabeth Latymer by knight's service; and 30a. land, held of Emery de Sancto Amando.

He died on Sunday before SS. Simon and Jude last. Heir, aged 18 years and more, as above.

The said lords have had possession of the premises since his death on account of the minority of his heir.

BUCKINGHAM. Inq. taken at Great Missyngdene, 1 October, 47 Edward III.

Chesham. 6l. rent, held of the prince by suit to the court of Wallyngford twice a year, of William de Mulsho by a rent of 40d. yearly, and of Elizabeth Latymer, service not known.

Eselburgh. 5 marks yearly rent, held of William Cauntelowe by knight's service.

Briddesthorn, Wedon and Whitchirge. 4 marks yearly rent, held of John de Kentwode, knight, service not known.

The said lords have had possession of the above rents ever since his death by reason of escheat.

Checchele. Half a knight's fee, held of John Buttetourt, knight.

Lavendene. 2 pieces of meadow and 2 pieces of pasture, held of Thomas Peyvre by knight's service and a rent of 18d. yearly.

Date of death and heir as last above. C. Edw. III. File 234. (7.) E. Inq. P.M. File 35. (1.) (Cambridge.)

BEDFORD. Inq. taken ex officio at Turvey, 8 November, 46 Edward III.

On Sunday before SS. Simon and Jude in the said year he killed Ellen his wife at Turveye while insane, and on the same day drowned himself while insane in a pond at Turveye. He held:-

Turveye. A moiety of a manor (extent given), held of John Trailly, knight, by service of a fourth part of a knight's fee, except a messuage and 3a. land held of William Mordaunt, services not known, and a cottage with a pightle of 1/2a. land held of the prior of St. Neots by payment of 16d. and a capon yearly.

Heir as last above. John Trailly has possession of the wardship of the said heir.

The said Edmund had goods worth 17l. 16d. in the hands of William Mordaunt, the particulars whereof appear in a paper &c.

E. Inq. P.M. File 35. (1.)

• Manorial Estate, 1374, Mordaunts Manor, Ellesborough, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, HP17, GB. 7 The reputed manor of MORDAUNTS in the parish of Ellesborough was held as a sub-manor under the Cauntlows, and so belonged to the honour of Dudley. In 1274\endash 5 Lawrence de Brok died seised of 6 marks rent, which he held of Nicholas Cauntlow. (fn. 107) His son and heir was Hugh de Brok, (fn. 108) who held the same rent in 1284\endash 6. (fn. 109) Hugh died before 1300, when his widow Isabel granted away certain lands and rents in Ellesborough for the term of her life. (fn. 110) Another Lawrence de Brok, her son, held tenements in Ellesborough, (fn. 111) the rents and services from which he granted to John de Bykton for fourteen years, and in 1309 made a settlement of 100s. rent in Ellesborough on himself and his wife Ellen. (fn. 112) His lands descended to his granddaughter Helen, (fn. 113) who married Edmund Mordaunt. (fn. 114) The latter died seised of rents in Ellesborough in 1374, (fn. 115) which were held of William Cauntlow; he was succeeded by his heir Robert, then a minor. The Mordaunts presumably held this rent in Ellesborough uninterruptedly during the 15th century, and in 1504 or 1505 Sir John Mordaunt held land in Ellesborough. (fn. 116) He was raised to the peerage as Baron Mordaunt of Turvey, and was succeeded by his son and grandson in turn. (fn. 117) In 1560 (fn. 118) their possessions in Ellesborough were described as the manor of Ellesborough, and this name was again used when Lewis the third Lord Mordaunt sold it to William Hawtrey in 1571. (fn. 119) It afterwards became known as the manor of Mordaunts, and from the time that it passed to the Hawtreys was held with the manor of Chequers (q.v.). (fn. 120)

Footnotes:
107. Cal. Inq. p.m. Edw. I, no. 110.
108. Ibid.
109. Feud. Aids, i, 86.
110. Harl. Chart. 46, F. 51.
111. Ibid. 46, G. 5.
112. Feet of F. Bucks. Trin. 3 Edw. II.
113. Harl. Publ. Soc. xix, 41; Visit. of Bucks. 1566 (ed. Metcalfe).
114. Ibid.
115. Chan. Inq. p.m. 47 Edw. III (1st nos.), no. 27.
116. Exch. Inq. p.m. v, no. 2.
117. G.E.C. Complete Peerage.
118. Recov. R. Mich. 2 & 3 Eliz.
119. Com. Pleas D. Enr. Bucks. Trin. 13 Eliz.; Feet of F. Bucks. Trin. 13 Eliz.
120. Ibid. East. 16 Chas. I.

• Manorial Estate, 1380, Turvey Manor, Turvey, Bedford, Bedfordshire, MK43 7, GB. 3 At the Survey of 1086 eight entries occur with regard to land in Turvey, of which one only describes the property referred to as a manor. This estate of TURVEY MANOR, sometimes called MORDAUNTS MANOR, was held by the Bishop of Coutances. Three sokemen had owned it in the preceding reign, and it consisted of 4 hides worth £6. (fn. 6) The overlordship is subsequently found attached to the barony of Trailly (q.v.) and was attached to the honour of Gloucester, the descent being the same as that of Biddenham (q.v.). (fn. 7) The last reference to the overlordship is in 1612, when James I granted to John Eldred and others the rents of assize belonging to the honour of Gloucester, lately held by the Duke of Buckingham in Turvey. (fn. 8)

There is no mention of a tenant holding in Turvey in 1086, but the family of Mordaunt is found holding this manor from the early 13th century. Halstead, the authenticity of whose early charters is doubtful, claims in his Succinct Genealogies that Eustace Mordaunt acquired this manor by marriage with Alice sister and co-heir of Hugh de Alneto, and that Sarah, another sister and co-heir, married Robert de Ardres, thus leading to the formation of the two manors of Mordaunts and Ardres held conjointly for some time. (fn. 9)

ΆThe cartulary of St. Neots certainly furnishes evidence that the de Alnetos preceded the Mordaunts in Turvey, for their name constantly recurs as benefactors to the priory. On one occasion there is mention of three generations when Hugh de Alneto (brother of Alice) confirmed the grants of Hugh his grandfather and William his father of land in Turvey. (fn. 10) Therefore it seems likely that an intermarriage did take place, especially as in 1225 an assize of mort d'ancestor was summoned between Eustace Mordaunt and Robert de Ardres and John Trailly their overlord concerning 3 carucates of land, of which each was awarded 1½ carucates. (fn. 11) The heir of William Mordaunt, son of Eustace, held this property in 1278\endash 9. (fn. 12) William Mordaunt, probably the heir referred to above, received recognition of his right to land in Turvey from Thomas Wood in 1313\endash 14. (fn. 13) He was living two years later, but by 1346 had been succeeded by his son Robert Mordaunt. (fn. 14) The next lord of this manor of whom mention has been found is Edmund Mordaunt, probably a son of Robert, of whom it is stated in an inquisition taken in 1372 that on the Sunday before the Feast of St. Simon and St. Jude in that year, being seized with homicidal mania, he killed his wife Ellen and drowned himself on the same day in a pool in Turvey. (fn. 15) Robert, his son, who according to Halstead united in one the hitherto separate manors of Mordaunts and Ardres, died some time before 1397, (fn. 16) and was followed by his son Robert Mordaunt, who was 'during the Civil Broils of his own Country, an assertor of the Claim and Interest of the House of York.' He died in 1448 after having considerably impoverished the family estates, (fn. 17) and his son William Mordaunt together with his wife strove 'by a provident and frugal proceeding to repair those breaches the over-liberal ways of his Father had made in the Fortunes of his Family. Their endeavours did succeed, and as an approbation thereof, and a blessing thereupon, Providence sent them to enjoy the Fruits of their worthy Cares, Three Children, whose merits from their Natures and Good Education, made them all have (as well as deserve) excellent Fortunes.' (fn. 18) Of these Sir John Mordaunt the eldest succeeded to Turvey Manor about 1475. He was wounded on the Lancastrian side at the battle of Barnet, and was one of the commanders at Stoke in 1487. He was made king's sergeant in 1495, and is said to have been instrumental in arranging a marriage between Margaret daughter of Henry VII and the King of Scotland. (fn. 19) He died in 1504, and his son John Mordaunt rose high in favour at the court of Henry VIII. He was knighted in 1520, and the same year accompanied Henry to the Field of the Cloth of Gold. In 1533 he was created Baron Mordaunt of Turvey. (fn. 20) He received Anne Boleyn at the Tower when she came to be crowned, and took part in her trial three years later, and in 1537 carried the banner at Jane Seymour's funeral. He died in 1562, when his son Sir John Mordaunt succeeded to Turvey Manor. (fn. 21)

Footnotes:
6. V.C.H. Beds. i, 225b.
7. Testa de Nevill (Rec. Com.), 248b; Hund. R. (Rec. Com.), ii, 332; Chan. Inq. p.m. 46 Edw. III (2nd nos.), no. 6; 38 & 39 Hen. VI, no. 59; Plac. de Quo Warr. (Rec. Com.), 79.
8. Pat. 9 Jas. I, pt. viii, m. 1.
9. It must be remembered, however, that the connexion of the de Ardres with Turvey dates from Domesday (cf. History of Ardres Manor).
10. Cott. MS. Faust. A iv.
11. Cal. Pat. 1225\endash 32, p. 449; Feet of F. Beds. 16 Hen. III, no. 21.
12. Hund. R. (Rec. Com.), ii, 332.
13. Feet of F. Beds. 7 Edw. II, no. 7.
14. Feud. Aids, i, 17, 30.
15. Chan. Inq. p.m. 46 Edw. III (2nd nos.), no. 6.
16. In which year his widow Agnes married Thomas de Fotheringay (Halstead, op. cit. 397).
17. Ibid.; Feud. Aids, i, 40; Beds. N. and Q. iii, 246.
18. Halstead, op. cit. 397.
19. Feet of F. Div. Co. 12 Hen. VII; Dict. Nat. Biog.; Halstead, op. cit. Halstead gives transcripts of letters from Richard III and Henry VII to John Mordaunt.
20. a J. H. Round, Peerage Studies, 337, 349.
21. Dict. Nat. Biog.; Halstead, op. cit.; Exch. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), file 54, no. 6.

• Inquisition: Proof of age, Bef 21 Jun 1380. 4 297. Robert, son and heir of Edmund Mordaunt

(Writ missing)

BEDFORD. Proof of age of the said Robert [whose father] held by knight's service of the heir of John de Moubray, knight, a minor in the king's wardship. Bedford, …, 3 Richard II.

Robert Parentyn, aged 50 years and more, says that the said Robert is [22 years of age and more], and was baptized in the parish church of Turveye on Thursday before [All Saints], 29 Edward III; and this he knows because at the same time he had a brother John baptized [in the same church, who] is 22 years of age and more.

…, aged 48 years and more, agrees and says that on the day of the baptism Roger Mauncell, his father, was buried in the church of Turveye, and that was 22 years ago.

Thomas atte Brugge, aged 52 years and more, agrees and says that on the day of the baptism … Riche his brother, when working as a plumber on the said church, fell to the ground and broke his back.

Richard Bykke, aged 53 years and more, agrees and says that on the day of the baptism he married Alice Rysyng his wife in the said church.

Thomas atte Halle, aged 49 years and more, agrees and says that on the day of the baptism he had a son John dead and buried in the said church.

Henry Wattes, aged 46 years and more, agrees and says that on Monday after the said feast of All Saints he married a certain Felicia … in the parish church of Carleton in the same county, and took her home to Turveye the same day.

John Cok, aged 48 years and more, agrees and says that at the same time he had a son Richard baptized there, who is now 22 years of age and more. Richard's godfather was Robert Roche, clerk, who is [? godfather] of the said Robert, and so Robert is clearly of full age.

John Blancost, aged 47 years and more, agrees and says that in the week of Robert's birth Richard his brother was drowned in the water flowing under the bridge of Turveye.

William Whytyng, aged 48 years and more, agrees and says that at the same time he had a son Walter born and baptized there, who is now 22 years of age and more.

Richard Davy, aged 49 years and more, agrees and says that at the same time he had a daughter Joan born and baptized there, who is now 22 years of age and more.

Thomas Hardy, aged 54 years, agrees and says that on Tuesday after the said feast of All Saints Roger his son, who is now 44 years of age, celebrated his first mass in the church of Turveye.

John Henewyk, aged 58 years and more, agrees and says that in the week of Robert's birth he had a daughter Alice married to Richard Riche of Turveye, and she has been married for 22 years and more.

C. Ric. II. File 11 (12)


Robert married Agnes le Strange, daughter of John le Strange of Walden, Essex and Timworth, Norfolk and Elizabeth le Boteler.1 2 (Agnes le Strange died after 1427 2.)


Sources


1 Robert Halstead, <i>Succint genealogies of the noble and ancient houses of Alno or de Alneto, Broc of Stephale, Latimer of Duntish, Drayton of Drayton, Mauduit of Westminster, Green of Drayton, Vere of Addington, Fitz-Lewes of Westhornedon, Howard of Effingham and Mordaunt of Turvey justified by publick records, ancient and extant charters, histories and other authentick proofs, and enriched with divers sculptures of tombs, images, seals, and other curiosities </i> (London, GB: W. Burrell, 1685), 395-6.

2 John Gage, <i>The History and Antiquities of Suffolk: Thingoe Hundred </i> (Bury St. Edmunds, GB: John Deck, 1838), 353-354.

3 Victoria County History of Bedfordshire, Vol. 3 pp 109-117.

4 J E E S Sharp and A E Stamp, <i>Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem </i> (London: n.p., n.d.), 15 Richard II: 114-122.

5 J. S. Roskell and L. Clark, editors, <i>The History of Parliament: The House of Commons, 1386-1421 </i>, 4 Volumes (N.p.: Boydell and Brewer, 1993).

6 J E E S Sharp and A E Stamp, <i>Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem </i> (London: n.p., n.d.), 13 Edward III: 240-255.

7 William Page, editor, <i>A History of the County of Hertfordshire</i>, 4 (London, GB: Victoria County History, 1912), 2: 331-338.

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