Aubrey [I] de Vere Sheriff of Berkshire
(Bef 1040-Abt 1112)
Béatrice
(Abt 1058-)
Aubrey [II] de Vere Sheriff of London & Middlesex
(Bef 1090-1141)

 

Family Links

Spouses/Children:
1. Alice de Clare

Aubrey [II] de Vere Sheriff of London & Middlesex 2 3 4 5

  • Born: Bef 1090 1 5 6 7
  • Marriage (1): Alice de Clare 1
  • Died: 15 May 1141, London, GB 1 3 5 6
  • BuriedMale: Colne Priory, Earls Colne, Colchester, Essex, CO6, GB 1 3

   Cause of his death was Killed in a riot.

  General Notes:

AUBREY [II] ([before 1090]-London 15 May 1141, bur Colne Priory, Essex). The Chronicle of Abingdon records a donation by "dapiferi Albrici…et uxore eius Beatrice", with the consent of "eorum filiis…Albricus, Rogerus, Rotbertus, Wuillelmus". Sheriff of London and Middlesex [1121/22]. Chamberlain of England, and may have been Chief Justiciar of England from [1139]. "Albericus de Veer regis camerarius" donated property to Colne priory by undated charter, witnessed by "Rogero de Veer et Roberto de Veer fratribus meis…". He was killed in a riot in London.

m ADELISA de Clare, daughter of GILBERT FitzRichard Lord of Clare and Tonbridge & his wife Adelisa de Clermont ([1090/95]-1163). Leland quotes a Vere manuscript which names "Albericus de Ver pater meus…Adeliza filia Gilberti de Clare" and "Adeliza de Estsexa, filia Alberici Ver et Adelizæ". Her birth date range is estimated from the birth of her first known son in [1110]. She became a nun at the Priory of St Osyth.

Aubrey de Vere & his wife had nine children: Adelisa, Rohese, Aubrey, Geoffrey, Robert, William, Gilbert, Juliane and a daughter.

[FMG/Medieval Lands]

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Alberic de Vere; described as King's Chamberlain by 1112; Sheriff of London and Middlesex 1121 or 1122, Jt Sheriff 1125, often Sheriff Essex, Jt Sheriff Beds, Bucks, Cambs, Hunts, Norfolk, Suffolk, and Surrey 1129 and Essex, Herts, Leics, and Northants 1139; married Alice, daughter of Gilbert FitzRichard, Lord of Clare and Tunbridge, and sister of Gilbert, 1st Earl of Pembroke, and was killed in a riot in London 15 May 1141.

[Burke's Peerage]

--------------------

AUBREY DF VERE II, 2nd but 1st surviving son and heir, born probably before 1090, assented to his parents' gift of the church of Kensington to Abingdon, and as their heir approved of the foundation of Colne Priory. Before the death of Gunter, Abbot of Thorney, in 1112 he acknowledged by charter, as Aubrey the King's Chamberlain, that he held Twywell (Notthants) of Thorney. He also held Great Addington and Drayton, in chief, and other small properties in Northants. On the death of his youngest brother William, he gave two ploughlands to Abingdon Abbey. As Aubrey de Vere, the King's Chamberlain, he confirmed the gifts of his father and mother and of his men, and his father's gifts of certain tithes, to Colne Priory. He begins to attest 1121. He was sheriff of London and Middlesex in 1121 or 1122 and joint sheriff in 1125; and sheriff of Essex in various years. He was joint sheriff, with Richard Basset, of Surrey, Cambridge, Hunts, Norfolk, Suffolk, Bucks, and Beds from Michaelmas 1129, and of Essex, Herts, Leicester, and Northants from Easter 1130. He was at the Council of Northampton in 1131. He was a justice in Norfolk, at one time with Robert FitzWalter, at another with Richard Basset. In July 1133, at Fareham, the King granted to Aubrey de Vere and his heirs his (the King's) Master Chamberlainship of all England, in fee and inheritance. Aubrey was with the King at Westbourne, when Henry left England for the last time on 2 August 1133, and probably crossed the Channel with him; for he attested 2 writs issued at Dieppe and 3 other acts at Falaise. He was with Stephen in 1136 at Westminster (Easter) and at Winchestcr; in 1136 or early in 1137 at Clarendon; in 1137 at Westminstcr, and at Portsmouth when Stephen was about to cross the Channel in March, and after his return in December at Marlborough. He also attested various royal acts of doubtful date, and other charters. At the end of August 1139, when the Synod at Winchester summoned Stephen to account for his arrest of the Bishops in June, the King sent Aubrey, as a man practised in legal cases, to give them his answer; and Aubrey spoke up boldly for his royal client. According to his son, he was Chief Justiciar of England. He founded a priory at Hatfield Broadoak, Essex, as a cell of St. Melaine of Rennes, and was a benefactor to Colne Priory and Colchester Abbey.

He married Alice, daughter of Gilbert FlTZRICHARD, Lord of Clare and Tunbridge, sister of Richard FITZGILBERT and of Gilbert, 1st EARL OF PEMBROKE, and aunt of Gilbert and Roger, 1st and 2nd Earls of Hertford. He was slain in a riot in London, 15 May 1141, and was buried in Colne Priory. His wife survived him. 22 years, and became a nun at St. Osyth's Priory.

[Complete Peerage X:195-9, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)] 1

  Death Notes:

Slain in a riot,

  Events

• Manorial Estate, Abt 1125, Addington [now Great/Little Addington] Manor, Kettering, Northamptonshire, NN14, GB. 8 A second manor in Great Addington originated in 1½ hides in Addington held in 1086 by William's trusted minister Geoffrey, Bishop of Coutances and under him by Hugh. The land had risen in value from 10s. in 1066 to 40s. at the date of the Domesday Survey (1086), a rapid recovery after the devastation of the land at the Conquest or before. The Bishop forfeited his lands on account of his rebellion against William Rufus in 1088. Before the time of the Northamptonshire Survey (c. 1125), the Bishop's fee had passed to Aubrey de Vere or the Chamberlain, but whether the grant had been made to him or his father Aubrey is uncertain. It was there entered as '2 hides of the King's fee,' the 2 hides being made up of the Domesday 1½ hides and an additional half hide of the Bishop's land at Drayton in Lowick, which properties continued to be held together. The manor passed to Robert, younger son of Aubrey the Chamberlain, who was holding Addington in 1166. He married twice, his first wife being Margaret Wake, presumably daughter of Geoffrey Wake and sister of Hugh Wake; with her he received a charter from Baldwin Wake (Wac) granting to him 'with Margaret my aunt' (auita mea), the vill of Thrapston. The charter is undated, but must have been made after 1168 when Hugh Wake, father of Baldwin the grantor, was alive and would have been holding Thrapston. By his first wife he had at least one son William. His second wife was Maud, daughter of Robert de Furnell. By an undated charter, Robert de Furnell granted to 'Robert son of Aubrey de Twiwell with Maud my daughter in free marriage' certain lands in Cranford. These lands were later confirmed by John, son of Maud, daughter of Robert de Furnell, 'to Robert de Ver' as lands which Robert de Furnell gave 'to my mother in free marriage.' Evidently John was a son of Maud by a former husband. By his second marriage, Robert de Vere had a son Henry, known as Henry son of Robert, who is said to have been brought up by his kinsman William de Mandeville, Earl of Essex and Albemarle, son of Roesia de Vere, and to have commanded with reputation at Gysors. He was probably the judge of this name of the end of the 12th century. He is said to have died about 1193-4, and was succeeded by Walter, his son. This Walter, as Walter son of Henry son of Robert, by an undated charter of the early years of the 13th century, gave to William 'patrunculo meo,' or uncle on his father's side, all his land in Twywell for the service of half a knight and in Addington for the service of a quarter of a knight's fee which Robert his grandfather held on the day he died, to be held of Walter and his heirs. Walter married Lucy, daughter of Gilbert Basset of Weldon. He had apparently two brothers, William and Geoffrey, and died in 1210-11. This branch of the family, which took the name of 'de Drayton,' continued to be the overlords of the Veres' holding in Addington. Its descent is given under Drayton in Lowick.

William, the elder son of Robert de Vere, lived on till the early part of the 13th century. Under the name of William son of Robert son of Aubrey, he endowed the Hospital of St. John Baptist of Northampton with lands in Slipton and Twywell. His lands in Thrapston passed to Thomas de Vere, perhaps his son, who died in 1204 and was succeeded by his brother Baldwin de Vere, who in 1233 was described as constable of Clun Castle. He obtained exemption from suit at the hundred court for his lands and men of Thrapston from Alexander, Abbot of Peterborough (1222-6) and appears to have taken up his residence and possibly built a house at Addingon. In 1232 he received licence from the Abbot of Croyland as patron, Walter, rector of the church of Addington, and Bishop Hugh of Lincoln, to build a chapel, without a baptistery or belfry, in his court at Addington, where he and his wife Hawise, their guests and household, might hear divine service, but they were to visit the parish church on certain feasts. Baldwin and his heirs could present a chaplain who would be admitted by the rector, and he and his wife granted certain lands to the parish church. At the same time he exchanged certain lands with the abbot of Croyland for other lands before his gate, evidently with the object of improving the approach to his house. He was alive in 1242-3, but in 1245, Robert his son was holding his lands. Robert married Joan de Waterville, one of the heiresses of Thorpe Waterville, with whom he received one third of the manor of Ludborough and other lands. He died before 1277 when Baldwin his son was under age. Baldwin died before 1287, when Robert his brother did homage for part of the inheritance of Joan his mother. Robert de Vere, who was sheriff of Northamptonshire in 1301 and 1319, paid scutage for his manor of Thrapston held of Thomas Wake in 1316. His wife's name was Maud. He died before 1330, and was succeeded by Ralph his son. Ralph died in 1335, and an extent of Addington Manor taken after his death, showed there was then a capital messuage, a dovecot, a garden with a mill in it and 60 acres of demesne. His son John de Vere, who married Alice, was one of the 110 defendants in a suit as to dower in Thrapston in 1345. He was killed at the Battle of Crecy (1346) leaving a son John who survived his father only a few years and died under age.

In 1349 Simon de Drayton, the overlord of Addington, granted the wardship of John in respect of that manor to Thomas Wake, lord of Liddell who was John's overlord at Thrapston. John was succeeded by his uncle Robert, who is described as of Addington. He and his wife Elizabeth entailed the manor of Addington in 1351, when Alice widow of John de Vere had her dower in it. Robert died about 1369, leaving three sons, Robert, Baldwin and John. Elizabeth his widow had her dower in the lands, and she is described in 1400 as lady of Great Addington, where no doubt she lived. Robert the eldest son, also described as of Addington, was still under age in 1400. In 1408, by deed dated at Great Addington, he, described as 'Robert Vere of Thrapston,' granted the manors of Thrapston, with his lands in Little Addington and Woodford, to Sir John Pilkington, Ralph Grene of Drayton, Thomas Mulsho and John de Welton of Bolde, probably for the purposes of a settlement. On 26 February 1420, Pilkington, Mulsho and Welton reconveyed these lands, except the site and demesnes of the manor of Thrapston and other lands there, to Robert de Vere. Robert died apparently in this year or the following, leaving a daughter Margaret, married to Thomas Ashby. In 1421 Thomas Ashby, of Louseby in Leicestershire, and Margaret his wife granted the manor of Thrapston to Baldwin de Vere, uncle of Margaret. Baldwin, described as of Addington, by deed dated there in 1405, conveyed all his lands to William, parson of the church of Islip, and William Seymour, apparently for the purposes of a settlement. He died in 1424, leaving a son and heir Richard, who married Isabella, sister of Sir Henry Grene. Richard died in 1480 and was succeeded by his son Henry de Vere who died in 1493, leaving four daughters and heirs by his wife Isabella Tresham, all under age. These ladies were also co-heirs of their mother to the lands of Constance, daughter of Sir Henry Grene, wife of John Stafford, Earl of Wiltshire, on the death of their son Edward, Earl of Wiltshire in 1499. These de Vere co-heiresses were (1) Elizabeth, who married John son of Sir John Mordaunt, who was created a baron in 1522, and whose descendants eventually obtained nearly the whole of Henry de Vere's property; (2) Anne, who married, first, Robert, another son of Sir John Mordaunt, by whom she had no issue, and secondly, Humphrey Brown, brother of Sir Wistan Brown, by whom she had a son George who died without issue in 1558; after George's death his share in the manor of Great Addington being conveyed by the three daughters of Sir Humphrey Brown by his second wife Anne, daughter of John, Lord Hussey, and their descendants, to the Mordaunts before the end of the century; (3) Constance, the third daughter, who married John Parr and died without issue in 1501, when her share fell to her three sisters; (4) Audrey or Etheldreda, the fourth daughter, who married John, son and heir of Sir Wistan Brown; they and their son George conveyed their share in Great Addington to Sir John Mordaunt in 1548.


Aubrey married Alice de Clare, daughter of Gilbert FitzRichard de Clare and Adelise de Clermont.1 (Alice de Clare was born between 1090 and 1095 and died in 1163 in St. Osyth's Priory, St. Osyth, Clacton-on-Sea, Essex, CO16, GB 5 6.)


Sources


1 Charles Cawley, <i>Medieval Lands</i>.

2 Frederick Lewis Weis, Walter Lee Sheppard, William Ryland Beall, <i>Magna Carta Sureties 1215: the Barons Named in the Magna Carta, 1215 and Some of their Descendants who Settled in America during the Early Colonial Years</i> (Genealogical Publishing Company, 1999), 154-1, 155-1, 156-1, 159-1.

3 Charles Mosley, <i>Burke's Peerage & Baronetage</i> (Burke's Peerage, 1999), 2498.

4 William Henry Turton, <i>The Plantagenet Ancestry</i> (1968), 101.

5 George Edward Cokayne, "Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom" (Sutton Publishing Ltd., 2000), X:195-9.

6 Frederick Lewis Weis, Walter Lee Sheppard, William Ryland Beall, <i>Magna Carta Sureties 1215: the Barons Named in the Magna Carta, 1215 and Some of their Descendants who Settled in America during the Early Colonial Years</i> (Genealogical Publishing Company, 1999), 154-1.

7 Frederick Lewis Weis, Walter Lee Sheppard, David Faris, <i>Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700: The Lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and Some of Their Descendants</i> (Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1992), 246d-25.

8 William Page, editor, <i>A History of the County of Northampton</i>, 3 (N.p.: n.p., 1930), 3: 155-160.

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