Crinan Steward of the Western Isles, Mormaer of Atholl
Bethoc Lady of Atholl
Donnchad mac Crínáin Dunkeld King Duncan I of Scotland
(Abt 1001-1040)
Máel Coluim mac Donnchada Dunkeld King Malcolm III of Scotland


Family Links

1. Ingibjörg Finnsdóttir

2. Margaret of England

Máel Coluim mac Donnchada Dunkeld King Malcolm III of Scotland 2 3

  • Born: 1031 2 3
  • Marriage (1): Ingibjörg Finnsdóttir after 1056 1
  • Marriage (2): Margaret of England in 1070 in Dunfermline Abbey, Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland, KY11, GB 2
  • Died: 13 Nov 1093, Alnwick Castle, Alnwick, Northumberland, NE66, GB aged 62 2 3
  • BuriedMale: Monasterio de San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Madrid, 28200, ES

   Cause of his death was Killed in battle.

   Other names for Máel were Malcolm "Canmore (Big Head)" Dunkeld, Malcolm "Long-Neck" Dunkeld and Maol Chaluim mac Dhonnchaidh [Modern Gaelic] Dunkeld.

  General Notes:

MALCOLM, son of DUNCAN I King of Scotland & his wife [Sibylla of Northumbria] (1031-killed in battle near Alnwick, Northumberland 13 Nov 1093, bur Tynemouth St Albans, transferred to Dunfermline Abbey, Fife, transferred again to Escorial, Madrid). The 12th century Cronica Regum Scottorum names "Malcolaim filii Donnchada" in one of its lists. The Chronicon of Marianus Scottus records that "Moelcol…filius Donchael" succeeded Lulach in 1058. [Florence of Worcester records that "dux Northhymbrorum Siwardus" defeated "rege Scottorum Macbeotha" in battle, dated to 1054, and installed "Malcolmum regis Cumbrorum filium" in his place. The Annales Dunelmenses record that "Siwardus" put "Macbeth" to flight in 1054 and installed "Malcolmum rege" in the following year. It is not clear that these two accounts refer to the future King Malcolm III: it is uncertain why King Malcolm would be called "regis Cumbrorum filium".] The Annals of Tigernach record that "Lulach rí Alban" was killed by "Mael-Coluimb, son of Donnchad" in 1058. The Chronicle of John of Fordun records that Malcolm recaptured his kingdom with the help of "Siward Earl of Northumberland" and killed "Machabeus" 5 Dec 1056. He succeeded in 1058 as MALCOLM III "Caennmor/Bighead" King of Scotland, crowned 25 Apr 1058 at Scone Abbey, Perthshire. Duncan cites sources which demonstrate that this nickname was first applied to King Malcolm III in the 13th century. He suggests that it was originally applied to King Malcolm IV who, he asserts, suffered from Paget's disease, involving a deformation of the bones particularly observable in the skull, and was later misapplied to King Malcolm III. King Malcolm supported the claim to the English crown of Edgar ætheling, whose sister he had married, and led plundering raids into England. Florence of Worcester records that he did homage to William I King of England at Abernethy in Aug 1072. The same source records that King Malcolm invaded Northumberland in 1091, but did fealty to Willam II King of England after peace was negotiated between the two kings. Florence of Worcester records that "rex Scottorum Malcolmus et primogenitus filius suus Eadwardus" were killed in battle in Northumbria "die S Bricii" [13 Nov] by the army of "Rotberti Northymbrorum comitis". William of Malmesbury records that he was killed, with his son Edward, by Morael of Bamborough, steward of Robert Mowbray Earl of Northumberland, while leading a raid into England. The Annals of Ulster record that "Mael Coluim son of Donnchad, over-king of Scotland, and Edward his son, were killed by the French in Inber Alda in England".

[m] [firstly] ([before 1058]) ---. The identity of the mother of King Malcolm's sons Duncan and Donald is uncertain. The absence of any reference to her in Scottish sources is best explained if her relationship with the king ended before his accession in 1058. However, this is not totally consistent with the estimated birth dates of her sons as shown below. It should be noted that King Duncan II, in his charter dated 1093, makes no reference to his mother, which implies that his father's relationship with her may have been short-lived and informal. Orkneyinga Saga records that "Ingibjorg the Earls´-Mother" ( Ingibjörg Finnsdatter , widow of Thorfinn "the Black" Jarl of Orkney and Caithness, daughter of Finn Arnisson [later Jarl of Halland in Denmark]) married "Malcolm King of Scots, known as Long-neck" and that "their son was Duncan, King of Scots, father of William". There must be considerable doubt about whether this can be correct. Ingibjörg's [first] husband died in [1060/65]. King Malcolm's marriage to Queen Margaret is dated to 1070, three years after her arrival at the Scottish court. Although this provides sufficient time after the death of her first husband for the king to have married Ingebjörg, and for Ingebjörg to have died, the chronology for the birth of two sons would be tight. In addition, it is unlikely that either of these sons was born after [1065], as explained further below. If the king had really married Ingibjörg during this time, and if she had given birth to two sons, the absence of any reference to her in either Scottish or English sources is all the more surprising. It is possible that King Malcolm's marriage to Ingibjörg (if it did take place) was more Danico, implying concubinage rather than regular marriage, but this does not change the chronological difficulties. The one puzzle which remains, if the Saga is not correct, is why the author would have fabricated this detail.

m [secondly] (Dunfermline Abbey 1070) MARGARET of England, daughter of EDWARD ætheling of England & his wife Agatha --- ([in Hungary] [1046/53]-Edinburgh Castle 16 Nov 1093, bur Dunfermline Abbey, Fife, transferred to Escorial, Madrid, her head bur Jesuit College, Douai). Although Margaret's birth is often placed in [1045/46], a later birth would be more consistent with the "German" theory of her mother's origin. Margaret's birth as late as 1053 would still be consistent with her having given birth to four children before her daughter Edith/Matilda (later wife of Henry I King of England), whose birth is estimated to have taken place in [1079/80]. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records that Margaret left England with her mother in Summer 1067 and found refuge at the court of Malcolm King of Scotland. Florence of Worcester records that "clitone Eadgaro et matre sua Agatha duabusque sororibus suis Margareta et Christina" left England for Scotland, in a passage which deals with events in mid-1068. Florence of Worcester records that "regina Scottorum Margareta" died from grief after learning of the death of her husband and oldest son. The Annals of Ulster record that "his queen Margaret…died of sorrow for him within nine days" after her husband was killed in battle. She was canonised in 1250, her feast day in Scotland is 16 Nov.

King Malcolm III & [his first wife] had [two] children: Duncan and Donald.

King Malcolm III & his second wife had eight children: Edward, Edmund, Edgar, Alexander, Ethelred, Eadgyth, David and Mary.

[FMG/Medieval Lands]


Malcolm III CANMORE (b. c. 1031--d. Nov. 13, 1093, near Alnwick, Northumberland, Eng.), king of Scotland from 1058 to 1093, founder of the dynasty that consolidated royal power in the Scottish kingdom.

The son of King Duncan I (reigned 1034-40), Malcolm lived in exile in England during part of the reign of his father's murderer, Macbeth (reigned 1040-57). Malcolm killed Macbeth in battle in 1057 and then ascended the throne. After the conquest of England by William the Conqueror, in 1066, Malcolm gave refuge to the Anglo-Saxon prince Edgar the Aetheling and his sisters, one of whom, Margaret (later St. Margaret), became his second wife.

Malcolm acknowledged the overlordship of William in 1072 but nevertheless soon violated his feudal obligations and made five raids into England. During the last of these invasions he was killed by the forces of King William II Rufus (reigned 1087-1100). Except for a brief interval after Malcolm's death, the Scottish throne remained in his family until the death of Queen Margaret, the Maid of Norway, in 1290. Of Malcolm's six sons by Margaret, three succeeded to the throne: Edgar (reigned 1097-1107), Alexander I (1107-24), and David I (1124-53).

[Encyclopaedia Britannica CD '97]

  Death Notes:

Killed while besieging castle.


• Title: King of Scotland, 1058 To 1093.

Máel married Ingibjörg Finnsdóttir after 1056.1 (Ingibjörg Finnsdóttir was born about 1023 in Austrått, Sør-Trøndelag, NO and died before 1069 in Scotland, GB.)


• Alt. Marriage, Abt 1066. 4 2nd husband 1st wife

Máel next married Margaret of England, daughter of Edward of England and Agatha, in 1070 in Dunfermline Abbey, Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland, KY11, GB.2 (Margaret of England was born between 1046 and 1053 in Hungary, HU,2 3 died on 16 Nov 1093 in Edinburgh Castle, Castlehill, Edinburgh, Scotland, EH1 2NG, GB 2 3 and was buried in Monasterio de San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Madrid, 28200, ES.)


1 Charles Mosley, <i>Burke's Peerage & Baronetage</i> (Burke's Peerage, 1999), 1469.

2 Frederick Lewis Weis, Walter Lee Sheppard, William Ryland Beall, <i>Magna Carta Sureties 1215: the Barons Named in the Magna Carta, 1215 and Some of their Descendants who Settled in America during the Early Colonial Years</i> (Genealogical Publishing Company, 1999), 161-8.

3 William Henry Turton, <i>The Plantagenet Ancestry</i> (1968), 21.

4 George Edward Cokayne, "Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom" (Sutton Publishing Ltd., 2000), X:A:13.

Buist-Taylor-Keatch-Kendall family history website is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License

Contact      Site Map

Design your own website - Click here