Adam de Brok
Laurence de Brok
(Abt 1210-Bef 1275)
(-After 1275)
Sir Hugh de Brok
(Abt 1239-Between 1290/1300)


Family Links

1. Isabel

Sir Hugh de Brok 2 3 4 5

  • Born: Abt 1239 2
  • Marriage (1): Isabel 1
  • Died: Between 1290 and 1300 1 5

  General Notes:

SIR Hugh de Broc succeeded his Father in his Lands and Lordships, and we find he followed the famous King Edward the First, in divers of his Wars, his Name being upon the Lists of several Expeditions, which were made in that Reign, into Wales, Gascony, and Scotland. He Married Agnes de Montepiconis, a Lady descended from one of the most ancient and Noble Families that was among the Normans, as whose Pre|decessors had been Lords of the Honour, which bare that name, in the Dutchy of Normandy, and whose immediate Ancestor came over with King William the First, in quality of his Dapifer, or Sewer, an Office of Eminent Dignity, at that time, in the Kings House.

Their Issue.
Laurence de Broc.


IPM for Geoffrey de Lucy in 1284: "Buckingham. Grava. The manor (extent given) held of the said Geoffrey in chief by Sir John Neyrnuyt, by service of 1/6 (sextime partis) knight's fee; and 1/6 knight's fee (extent given), held by Sir Hugh de Brok." 3


Manorial Estate, 1275, Brooks Manor, Stevenage, Hertfordshire, SG1, GB. 6 The manor of BROOKS (Brokes, Brokys) took its name from the family of Brok, who held land in Stevenage in the 13th century. Laurence de Brok, son of Adam de Brok, (fn. 94) died about 1275 seised of considerable possessions in Stevenage, of which 300 acres with a capital messuage were held of the Abbot of St. Albans, 200 acres with a windmill of the Abbot of Westminster, 140 acres of Ivo de Homeley and 100 acres of Robert de Graveley. (fn. 95) Some or all of these portions were probably known as 'Brooks,' for the manor is mentioned by that name in a deed of the same year by which it was conveyed to Laurence's son and heir Hugh. (fn. 96) Hugh de Brok was succeeded before 1294 by his son, another Laurence, (fn. 97) whose widow Ellen was holding his lands in 1330, with reversion to her son Ralph. (fn. 98) Ralph's heirs, who succeeded before 1346, (fn. 99) were his three daughters Joan, Ellen and Agnes, the eldest of whom died without issue. His lands were therefore divided between Ellen and Agnes. Agnes had a daughter Joan, (fn. 100) who was perhaps identical with Joan the wife of Robert Corbet, who was holding Brooks with her husband in 1400. (fn. 101)

94. Excerpta e Rot. Fin. (Rec. Com.), ii, 516.
95. Chan. Inq. p.m. 3 Edw. I, no. 10.
96. Harl. Chart. 46 F. 45.
97. Add. Chart. 977; Harl. Chart. 46 G. 3.
98. Wrottesley, Ped. from the Plea R. 428; Chart. R. 4 Edw. III, m. 14, no. 28.
99. Feud. Aids, ii, 436.
100. Wrottesley, Ped. from the Plea R. 428.
101. Feet of F. Herts. Trin. 1 Hen. IV, no. 1.

Manorial Estate, 1275-1284, Grove Manor, Grove, Leighton Buzzard, Buckinghamshire, LU7, GB. 4 In the reign of Edward the Confessor GROVE MANOR was in the possession of two brothers, but by 1086 was held by Robert of Gozelin the Breton. (fn. 2) During the 13th and 14th centuries the manor was attached to the honour of Gloucester as was Cublington (q.v.), (fn. 3) but there is no mention of this overlordship after 1398. (fn. 4) Holding of the honour of Gloucester were the Lucys, who before 1274 subinfeudated Grove Manor, (fn. 5) referred to during the 14th and 15th centuries as 'land' or a 'fee.' (fn. 6) It was afterwards held of their manor of Cublington (q.v.), (fn. 7) the overlordship being last mentioned in 1645. (fn. 8)

The ownership in fee appears to have been obtained by the Grave family, for in 1197 Cecily de Brai, widow of Richard de la Grave, claimed dower in Grove against Osbert de la Grave. (fn. 9) By 1227 the property had passed to Hugh de Botte, who settled the reversion in that year on his sister Iterie's son, Robert son of Richard de Brok. (fn. 10) By 1256 it was the property of Laurence de Brok, (fn. 11) who died in 1274 seised of 40s. rent in Grove, leaving a son and heir Hugh, aged thirty, (fn. 12) who appears to have subinfeudated the manor to his son Laurence de Brok, (fn. 13) who was holding in 1284. (fn. 14) Laurence's son Robert, with Maud his wife, conveyed the property in 1349 to Sir Niel Loring, (fn. 15) on whose death in 1386 (fn. 16) it passed to Margaret his younger daughter and co-heir, wife of Thomas Pever of Toddington, Bedfordshire. (fn. 17)

2. V.C.H. Bucks. i, 271.
3. Feud. Aids, i, 78; Chan. Inq. p.m. 21 Edw. III (1st nos.), no. 59.
4. Chan. Inq. p.m. 22 Ric. II, no. 46.
5. Ibid. Edw. I, file 9, no. 7.
6. Feet of F. Bucks. Hil. 22 Edw. III, no. 3; Dugdale, Mon. vii, 719.
7. Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), clxx, 2; ccclviii, 99.
8. Ibid. dcclxxvii, 105.
9. Feet of F. Bucks. 9 Ric. I, no. 31.
10. Ibid. 12 Hen. III, no. 27.
11. Ibid. East. 40 Hen. III, no. 2.
12. Chan. Inq. p.m. Edw. I, file 9, no. 7.
13. De Banco R. 173, m. 291.
14. Feud. Aids, i, 78.
15. Feet of F. Bucks. Hil. 22 Edw. III, no. 3.
16. Fine R. 190, m. 1.
17. Visit. of Beds. (Harl. Soc.), 14.

Manorial Estate, 1275-1286, Little Missenden, Amersham, Buckinghamshire, HP7, GB. 7 Hugh de Messenden was still living in 1262, (fn. 85) and for some time previous to 1275 Lawrence de Brok held a half-virgate in Little Missenden of William de Derneford, (fn. 86) so that William de Sumeford seems to have died without heirs. In 1275 Lawrence died, and was succeeded by his son Hugh de Brok. (fn. 87) In 1284\endash 6 the half-hide was held by Hugh de Brok and Henry de Bray, (fn. 88) which implies that Hugh de Brok had obtained the portion of William de Derneford, and that Henry de Bray had succeeded Hugh de Messenden. If this Henry was Henry de Bray the King's Escheator he fell into disgrace and probably forfeited his lands about 1289. (fn. 89) Hugh de Brok seems to have had heirs, (fn. 90) but apparently they did not succeed to Little Missenden, for shortly afterwards it appears in the possession of Joan le Botiller. (fn. 91)

85. Assize R. 57, m. 6 d.
86. Chan. Inq. p.m. 3 Edw. I, no. 10.
87. Ibid.
88. Feud. Aids, i, 85.
89. Red. Bk. Exch. (Rolls Ser.), iii, cccxxvii.
90. Wrottesley, Ped. from Plea R. 428.
91. Testa de Nevill (Rec. Com.), 247b.

Manorial Estate, 1275-1286, Mordaunts Manor, Ellesborough, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, HP17, GB. 1 The reputed manor of MORDAUNTS in the parish of Ellesborough was held as a sub-manor under the Cauntlows, and so belonged to the honour of Dudley. In 1274\endash 5 Lawrence de Brok died seised of 6 marks rent, which he held of Nicholas Cauntlow. (fn. 107) His son and heir was Hugh de Brok, (fn. 108) who held the same rent in 1284\endash 6. (fn. 109) Hugh died before 1300, when his widow Isabel granted away certain lands and rents in Ellesborough for the term of her life. (fn. 110) Another Lawrence de Brok, her son, held tenements in Ellesborough, (fn. 111) the rents and services from which he granted to John de Bykton for fourteen years, and in 1309 made a settlement of 100s. rent in Ellesborough on himself and his wife Ellen. (fn. 112) His lands descended to his granddaughter Helen, (fn. 113) who married Edmund Mordaunt. (fn. 114) The latter died seised of rents in Ellesborough in 1374, (fn. 115) which were held of William Cauntlow; he was succeeded by his heir Robert, then a minor. The Mordaunts presumably held this rent in Ellesborough uninterruptedly during the 15th century, and in 1504 or 1505 Sir John Mordaunt held land in Ellesborough. (fn. 116) He was raised to the peerage as Baron Mordaunt of Turvey, and was succeeded by his son and grandson in turn. (fn. 117) In 1560 (fn. 118) their possessions in Ellesborough were described as the manor of Ellesborough, and this name was again used when Lewis the third Lord Mordaunt sold it to William Hawtrey in 1571. (fn. 119) It afterwards became known as the manor of Mordaunts, and from the time that it passed to the Hawtreys was held with the manor of Chequers (q.v.). (fn. 120)

107. Cal. Inq. p.m. Edw. I, no. 110.
108. Ibid.
109. Feud. Aids, i, 86.
110. Harl. Chart. 46, F. 51.
111. Ibid. 46, G. 5.
112. Feet of F. Bucks. Trin. 3 Edw. II.
113. Harl. Publ. Soc. xix, 41; Visit. of Bucks. 1566 (ed. Metcalfe).
114. Ibid.
115. Chan. Inq. p.m. 47 Edw. III (1st nos.), no. 27.
116. Exch. Inq. p.m. v, no. 2.
117. G.E.C. Complete Peerage.
118. Recov. R. Mich. 2 & 3 Eliz.
119. Com. Pleas D. Enr. Bucks. Trin. 13 Eliz.; Feet of F. Bucks. Trin. 13 Eliz.
120. Ibid. East. 16 Chas. I.

Manorial Estate, 1275-1290, Preston Manor, Preston Bissett, Buckingham, Buckinghamshire, MK18, GB. 5 Anselm was succeeded in Preston by Ernald Bissett, who held here in 1254, (fn. 21) or even earlier. (fn. 22) At the former date his possessions in Preston were extended at 6 hides. (fn. 23) Ernald Bissett appears to have alienated the manor about this date to Laurence de Brok, (fn. 24) whose death took place in or about the year 1275, (fn. 25) when the executors of his will delivered goods in the manor to his son and heir Hugh. (fn. 26) In 1284\endash 6 Hugh de Brok is returned as lord of the vill of Preston and half the hamlet of Cowley. (fn. 27) William Bissett is here named as his intermediary lord, but in 1290 Hugh received a final quitclaim from him of the manor. (fn. 28) Laurence de Brok succeeded his father Hugh, (fn. 29) but some time before 1299 the manor was acquired by Walter, Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, who in that year received a grant of free warren in this manor. (fn. 30) In the following year the bishop alienated to William Tuchet, (fn. 31) to whom also free warren was confirmed in Preston Bissett. (fn. 32) In 1312 William Tuchet entered into an arrangement with Bartholomew de Badlesmere by which he, William, was to hold Preston Bissett for life, with reversion to Bartholomew if he should die without heir male. (fn. 33) Both William Tuchet and Bartholomew de Badlesmere took part in the Earl of Lancaster's rebellion, (fn. 34) and in 1322, after Boroughbridge, were executed, Preston Manor escheating to the Crown. Laurence de Brok, its former owner, now claimed possession on the ground that he had been unjustly disseised by the Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, (fn. 35) and his widow Eleanor claimed and received dower in the manor some years later, her right being last mentioned in 1341. (fn. 36)

22. Testa de Nevill (Rec. Com.), 243b.
23. Hund. R. (Rec. Com.), i, 29.
24. Chan. Misc. Inq. file 88, no. 51.
25. Cal. Inq. p.m. (Edw. II), ii, 76.
26. Harl. Chart. 46, F 45.
27. Feud. Aids, i, 87.
28. Feet of F. case 17, file 51, no. 8. In the same year William Bissett and Antigone his wife quitclaimed, on her behalf, lands in Preston to Hugh (ibid. no. 15).
29. Chan. Misc. Inq. file 88, no. 51.
30. Chart. R. 28 Edw. I, no. 93.
31. Feet of F. Div. Co. 29 Edw. I, no. 55.
32. Cal. Chart. R. 1300\endash 26, p. 3.
33. Feet of F. Div. Co. Hil. 5 Edw. II, no. 59; Chan. Inq. p.m. 4 Edw. III (2nd nos.), no. III. In 1314 William Tuchet claimed to hold the manor of the bishop (De Banco R. 206, m. 208 d.).
34. See Chan. Misc. Inq. file 88, no. 51, where William Tuchet is described as a rebel; also G.E.C. Peerage (new ed.), ii, 372.
35. Chan. Misc. Inq. file 88, no. 51.
36. De Banco R. Mich. 2 Edw. III, m. 215 d.; Chan. Inq. p.m. 12 Edw. III (2nd nos.), no. 54a; Cal. Close, 1341\endash 3, p. 146.

Inquisition: Post mortem, 25 Dec 1275. 2 110. Laurence de Brok alias de Broc, del Brok.

Writ, 25 Dec. 3 Edw. I.

[Hertford.]Inq. Sunday the feast of St. Blaise, 3 Edw. I.

La Magdeleine. A messuage, 100a. arable, 20a. wood, and 39s. 6d. rent of assize &c. held of Ralph le Mareschal by 19d. rent and 1/10 knight's fee when scutage shall happen; 100a. arable held of Sir James de Audelehe, rendering 19s. 7d. yearly to the chief lords; and 120a. arable and 2a. meadow held of William de la Dene, rendering yearly 54s. 9d. to the earl of Cornwall, and 41s. 3d. rent of assize pertains to the same.

Hugh his son, aged 30, is his next heir.

Kent. Inq. (undated.)

Litlebroke. The manor (extent given) held of William de Butayles and his heirs, and by him of the bishop of Rochester, for two parts of knight's fee.

Stanes township. A messuage, 40a. arable, 1a. meadow, and 2a. pasture held in gavelkind of the bishop of Rochester of the sale of William Wybard.

Swanescamp. 20a. arable and a. meadow, held of Sir William de Monte-caniso, service unspecified.

Derente township. 12a. arable held of the prior of Rochester, service unspecified.

Derteford township. 40a. arable and 9a. meadow held of Thomas de Gillingeham, the heirs of Robert de Castello, Simon Dolling and others, of his own purchase, services unspecified.

Heir as above.

[Hertford.]Inq. Tuesday after the Purification, 3 Edw. I.

Stivenach. 300a. with a capital messuage, gardens &c. and wood, held of the abbot of St. Albans rendering 35s. yearly ; 200a. arable and pasture and a windmill held of the abbot of Westminster rendering 13s. 4d.; 140a. held of Ivo de Homlie rendering 3d. and 1lb. cummin; 60a. held of Henry de Neketon rendering 24s.; 40a. held of Giles de Argentein rendering 5s.; 60a. held of John de Wlvenewik rendering 5s.; 100a. held of John de Chayne rendering a clove gillyflower; 100a. held of Robert de Gravelie rendering 3s. 6d. and a clove gillyflower; 9a. held of Hugh de la Mare rendering 1d.; and 40a. wood held of Robert de Gravelie rendering a clove gillyflower; and there are there 6l. 3s. 3d. rent of assize to the use of the heir.

Heir as above, aged 36.

Buckingham. Inq. Monday the morrow of the Epiphany, 3 Edw. I.

Cestresham. 2 virgates land held of the earl of Oxford for 37s. 10d.; 1 virgate of land and wood held of the heirs of Roger de Syfrewast for 13d.; 100s. rent held of the abbot of Radyngges for 1d.; 1 virgate land held of Sir Stephen de Chendut for 1 mark; a mill held of Andrew de Blakewelle for 1d.; 15s. yearly from the abbot of Messenden for a mill called Paynes Mulle; a dovecot held of the said abbot, and virgate land for 1d., and he paid 22s. 6d. to the chief lords; and 40s. rent held of Richard de Bello Campo paying nothing, because it first came of free marriage.

Augmodesham. 4a. meadow held of the heirs of John de Ran for 1d. yearly; and 1 virgate land held of Sir Henry de Boun for a pair of gilt spurs or 6d. yearly.

Little Messenden. virgate land held of Sir William de Derneford for 1d. yearly.

Eselberg. 6 marks rent held of Sir Nicholas de Cantulupo for a clove gillyflower yearly.

Wedon, Herdewyk and Briddesthorne. 10 marks rent held of the prior of Beremundesheye for 1d. yearly.

Suhtcote. 1 carucate land held of Sir William de Bello Campo of Bed(ford) for a rose yearly.

La Grave near Lecton. 40s. rent held of Sir Geoffrey de Lucy for 1d. yearly.

Wenge. 140a. land held of the earl of Warran for a pair of white gloves or 1d. yearly.

Le Brok. 1 carucate land held of John de Brok for 10s. rent.

Denham. 16s. 4d. rent held of Sir John de Boun for a pair of gilt spurs or 6d. yearly.

Queynton. 18a. meadow held of Sir Robert Malet for a pair of white gloves or 1d. yearly.

Heir as above, of full age and married by his father's will.

C. Edw. I. File 9. (7.)

Hugh married Isabel.1


1 William Page, editor, <i>A History of the County of Hertfordshire</i>, 4 (London, GB: Victoria County History, 1912), 2: 331-338.

2 J E E S Sharp and A E Stamp, <i>Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem </i> (London: n.p., n.d.), 2 (Edward I): 72-80.

3 Robert Halstead, <i>Succint genealogies of the noble and ancient houses of Alno or de Alneto, Broc of Stephale, Latimer of Duntish, Drayton of Drayton, Mauduit of Westminster, Green of Drayton, Vere of Addington, Fitz-Lewes of Westhornedon, Howard of Effingham and Mordaunt of Turvey justified by publick records, ancient and extant charters, histories and other authentick proofs, and enriched with divers sculptures of tombs, images, seals, and other curiosities </i> (London, GB: W. Burrell, 1685), 21.

4 Victoria County History of Buckinghamshire, Vol. 3 pp 361-363.

5 William Page, editor, <i>A History of the County of Hertfordshire</i>, 4 (London, GB: Victoria County History, 1912), 4: 215-220.

6 William Page, editor, <i>A History of the County of Hertfordshire</i>, 4 (London, GB: Victoria County History, 1912), 3: 139-148.

7 William Page, editor, <i>A History of the County of Hertfordshire</i>, 4 (London, GB: Victoria County History, 1912), 2: 354-360.

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