Laurence de Brok
(Abt 1210-Bef 1275)
(-After 1275)
Sir Hugh de Brok
(Abt 1239-Between 1290/1300)
Sir Laurence de Brok
(-Bef 1330)


Family Links

1. Ellen Pirot

Sir Laurence de Brok 1 2 3 4 5 6

  • Marriage (1): Ellen Pirot 1 2
  • Died: Bef 1330 4

  General Notes:

SIR Laurence de Broc, Lord of Shephale, after the decease of his first Wife, whose Christian Name was Ellen, Married another Lady of the same appellation, that was the Daughter of Sir Ralph Pirot, and of Cassandra, one of the Heirs of the Famous Knight, Sir Giles of Argentine; who gave him the Mannor of Maudlins, and other Lands, as a Portion; to which end, a Fine was suffer'd, in the Thirtieth Year of Edward the First. In the third Year of King Edward the Second, a Patent pass'd unto this Sir Laurence de Broc, to have Free-Warren, and all the Rights thereof, upon his Lands in Chessham, Aumondsham, Bridsthorn, Hardwick, and Wedon, in the County of Buckingham; and in the seventh of the same Reign, he Levied a Fine to his Son Ralph, and Elizabeth his Wife: He lived unto the Reign of King Edward the Third, and left to Inherit his Lands and Lordships,

Sir Ralph de Broc, Lord of Shephale. 1


Manorial Estate, 1284, Grove Manor, Grove, Leighton Buzzard, Buckinghamshire, LU7, GB. 3 In the reign of Edward the Confessor GROVE MANOR was in the possession of two brothers, but by 1086 was held by Robert of Gozelin the Breton. (fn. 2) During the 13th and 14th centuries the manor was attached to the honour of Gloucester as was Cublington (q.v.), (fn. 3) but there is no mention of this overlordship after 1398. (fn. 4) Holding of the honour of Gloucester were the Lucys, who before 1274 subinfeudated Grove Manor, (fn. 5) referred to during the 14th and 15th centuries as 'land' or a 'fee.' (fn. 6) It was afterwards held of their manor of Cublington (q.v.), (fn. 7) the overlordship being last mentioned in 1645. (fn. 8)

The ownership in fee appears to have been obtained by the Grave family, for in 1197 Cecily de Brai, widow of Richard de la Grave, claimed dower in Grove against Osbert de la Grave. (fn. 9) By 1227 the property had passed to Hugh de Botte, who settled the reversion in that year on his sister Iterie's son, Robert son of Richard de Brok. (fn. 10) By 1256 it was the property of Laurence de Brok, (fn. 11) who died in 1274 seised of 40s. rent in Grove, leaving a son and heir Hugh, aged thirty, (fn. 12) who appears to have subinfeudated the manor to his son Laurence de Brok, (fn. 13) who was holding in 1284. (fn. 14) Laurence's son Robert, with Maud his wife, conveyed the property in 1349 to Sir Niel Loring, (fn. 15) on whose death in 1386 (fn. 16) it passed to Margaret his younger daughter and co-heir, wife of Thomas Pever of Toddington, Bedfordshire. (fn. 17)

2. V.C.H. Bucks. i, 271.
3. Feud. Aids, i, 78; Chan. Inq. p.m. 21 Edw. III (1st nos.), no. 59.
4. Chan. Inq. p.m. 22 Ric. II, no. 46.
5. Ibid. Edw. I, file 9, no. 7.
6. Feet of F. Bucks. Hil. 22 Edw. III, no. 3; Dugdale, Mon. vii, 719.
7. Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), clxx, 2; ccclviii, 99.
8. Ibid. dcclxxvii, 105.
9. Feet of F. Bucks. 9 Ric. I, no. 31.
10. Ibid. 12 Hen. III, no. 27.
11. Ibid. East. 40 Hen. III, no. 2.
12. Chan. Inq. p.m. Edw. I, file 9, no. 7.
13. De Banco R. 173, m. 291.
14. Feud. Aids, i, 78.
15. Feet of F. Bucks. Hil. 22 Edw. III, no. 3.
16. Fine R. 190, m. 1.
17. Visit. of Beds. (Harl. Soc.), 14.

Manorial Estate, 1294, Brooks Manor, Stevenage, Hertfordshire, SG1, GB. 4 The manor of BROOKS (Brokes, Brokys) took its name from the family of Brok, who held land in Stevenage in the 13th century. Laurence de Brok, son of Adam de Brok, (fn. 94) died about 1275 seised of considerable possessions in Stevenage, of which 300 acres with a capital messuage were held of the Abbot of St. Albans, 200 acres with a windmill of the Abbot of Westminster, 140 acres of Ivo de Homeley and 100 acres of Robert de Graveley. (fn. 95) Some or all of these portions were probably known as 'Brooks,' for the manor is mentioned by that name in a deed of the same year by which it was conveyed to Laurence's son and heir Hugh. (fn. 96) Hugh de Brok was succeeded before 1294 by his son, another Laurence, (fn. 97) whose widow Ellen was holding his lands in 1330, with reversion to her son Ralph. (fn. 98) Ralph's heirs, who succeeded before 1346, (fn. 99) were his three daughters Joan, Ellen and Agnes, the eldest of whom died without issue. His lands were therefore divided between Ellen and Agnes. Agnes had a daughter Joan, (fn. 100) who was perhaps identical with Joan the wife of Robert Corbet, who was holding Brooks with her husband in 1400. (fn. 101)

94. Excerpta e Rot. Fin. (Rec. Com.), ii, 516.
95. Chan. Inq. p.m. 3 Edw. I, no. 10.
96. Harl. Chart. 46 F. 45.
97. Add. Chart. 977; Harl. Chart. 46 G. 3.
98. Wrottesley, Ped. from the Plea R. 428; Chart. R. 4 Edw. III, m. 14, no. 28.
99. Feud. Aids, ii, 436.
100. Wrottesley, Ped. from the Plea R. 428.
101. Feet of F. Herts. Trin. 1 Hen. IV, no. 1.

Manorial Estate, 1309, Mordaunts Manor, Ellesborough, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, HP17, GB. 6 The reputed manor of MORDAUNTS in the parish of Ellesborough was held as a sub-manor under the Cauntlows, and so belonged to the honour of Dudley. In 1274\endash 5 Lawrence de Brok died seised of 6 marks rent, which he held of Nicholas Cauntlow. (fn. 107) His son and heir was Hugh de Brok, (fn. 108) who held the same rent in 1284\endash 6. (fn. 109) Hugh died before 1300, when his widow Isabel granted away certain lands and rents in Ellesborough for the term of her life. (fn. 110) Another Lawrence de Brok, her son, held tenements in Ellesborough, (fn. 111) the rents and services from which he granted to John de Bykton for fourteen years, and in 1309 made a settlement of 100s. rent in Ellesborough on himself and his wife Ellen. (fn. 112) His lands descended to his granddaughter Helen, (fn. 113) who married Edmund Mordaunt. (fn. 114) The latter died seised of rents in Ellesborough in 1374, (fn. 115) which were held of William Cauntlow; he was succeeded by his heir Robert, then a minor. The Mordaunts presumably held this rent in Ellesborough uninterruptedly during the 15th century, and in 1504 or 1505 Sir John Mordaunt held land in Ellesborough. (fn. 116) He was raised to the peerage as Baron Mordaunt of Turvey, and was succeeded by his son and grandson in turn. (fn. 117) In 1560 (fn. 118) their possessions in Ellesborough were described as the manor of Ellesborough, and this name was again used when Lewis the third Lord Mordaunt sold it to William Hawtrey in 1571. (fn. 119) It afterwards became known as the manor of Mordaunts, and from the time that it passed to the Hawtreys was held with the manor of Chequers (q.v.). (fn. 120)

107. Cal. Inq. p.m. Edw. I, no. 110.
108. Ibid.
109. Feud. Aids, i, 86.
110. Harl. Chart. 46, F. 51.
111. Ibid. 46, G. 5.
112. Feet of F. Bucks. Trin. 3 Edw. II.
113. Harl. Publ. Soc. xix, 41; Visit. of Bucks. 1566 (ed. Metcalfe).
114. Ibid.
115. Chan. Inq. p.m. 47 Edw. III (1st nos.), no. 27.
116. Exch. Inq. p.m. v, no. 2.
117. G.E.C. Complete Peerage.
118. Recov. R. Mich. 2 & 3 Eliz.
119. Com. Pleas D. Enr. Bucks. Trin. 13 Eliz.; Feet of F. Bucks. Trin. 13 Eliz.
120. Ibid. East. 16 Chas. I.

Manorial Estate, 1322, Preston Manor, Preston Bissett, Buckingham, Buckinghamshire, MK18, GB. 5 Anselm was succeeded in Preston by Ernald Bissett, who held here in 1254, (fn. 21) or even earlier. (fn. 22) At the former date his possessions in Preston were extended at 6 hides. (fn. 23) Ernald Bissett appears to have alienated the manor about this date to Laurence de Brok, (fn. 24) whose death took place in or about the year 1275, (fn. 25) when the executors of his will delivered goods in the manor to his son and heir Hugh. (fn. 26) In 1284\endash 6 Hugh de Brok is returned as lord of the vill of Preston and half the hamlet of Cowley. (fn. 27) William Bissett is here named as his intermediary lord, but in 1290 Hugh received a final quitclaim from him of the manor. (fn. 28) Laurence de Brok succeeded his father Hugh, (fn. 29) but some time before 1299 the manor was acquired by Walter, Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, who in that year received a grant of free warren in this manor. (fn. 30) In the following year the bishop alienated to William Tuchet, (fn. 31) to whom also free warren was confirmed in Preston Bissett. (fn. 32) In 1312 William Tuchet entered into an arrangement with Bartholomew de Badlesmere by which he, William, was to hold Preston Bissett for life, with reversion to Bartholomew if he should die without heir male. (fn. 33) Both William Tuchet and Bartholomew de Badlesmere took part in the Earl of Lancaster's rebellion, (fn. 34) and in 1322, after Boroughbridge, were executed, Preston Manor escheating to the Crown. Laurence de Brok, its former owner, now claimed possession on the ground that he had been unjustly disseised by the Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, (fn. 35) and his widow Eleanor claimed and received dower in the manor some years later, her right being last mentioned in 1341. (fn. 36)

22. Testa de Nevill (Rec. Com.), 243b.
23. Hund. R. (Rec. Com.), i, 29.
24. Chan. Misc. Inq. file 88, no. 51.
25. Cal. Inq. p.m. (Edw. II), ii, 76.
26. Harl. Chart. 46, F 45.
27. Feud. Aids, i, 87.
28. Feet of F. case 17, file 51, no. 8. In the same year William Bissett and Antigone his wife quitclaimed, on her behalf, lands in Preston to Hugh (ibid. no. 15).
29. Chan. Misc. Inq. file 88, no. 51.
30. Chart. R. 28 Edw. I, no. 93.
31. Feet of F. Div. Co. 29 Edw. I, no. 55.
32. Cal. Chart. R. 1300\endash 26, p. 3.
33. Feet of F. Div. Co. Hil. 5 Edw. II, no. 59; Chan. Inq. p.m. 4 Edw. III (2nd nos.), no. III. In 1314 William Tuchet claimed to hold the manor of the bishop (De Banco R. 206, m. 208 d.).
34. See Chan. Misc. Inq. file 88, no. 51, where William Tuchet is described as a rebel; also G.E.C. Peerage (new ed.), ii, 372.
35. Chan. Misc. Inq. file 88, no. 51.
36. De Banco R. Mich. 2 Edw. III, m. 215 d.; Chan. Inq. p.m. 12 Edw. III (2nd nos.), no. 54a; Cal. Close, 1341\endash 3, p. 146.

Laurence married Ellen Pirot, daughter of Sir Ralph Pirot and Cassandra de Argentein.1 2 (Ellen Pirot died after 1341 5.)


1 Robert Halstead, <i>Succint genealogies of the noble and ancient houses of Alno or de Alneto, Broc of Stephale, Latimer of Duntish, Drayton of Drayton, Mauduit of Westminster, Green of Drayton, Vere of Addington, Fitz-Lewes of Westhornedon, Howard of Effingham and Mordaunt of Turvey justified by publick records, ancient and extant charters, histories and other authentick proofs, and enriched with divers sculptures of tombs, images, seals, and other curiosities </i> (London, GB: W. Burrell, 1685), 21.

2 William Harvey, Robert Cooke, George Owen, Sir Richard Saint-George, <i>The Visitations of Bedfordshire: Annis Dominis 1566, 1582 and 1634</i> (London, The Harleian Society, 1884).

3 Victoria County History of Buckinghamshire, Vol. 3 pp 361-363.

4 William Page, editor, <i>A History of the County of Hertfordshire</i>, 4 (London, GB: Victoria County History, 1912), 3: 139-148.

5 William Page, editor, <i>A History of the County of Hertfordshire</i>, 4 (London, GB: Victoria County History, 1912), 4: 215-220.

6 William Page, editor, <i>A History of the County of Hertfordshire</i>, 4 (London, GB: Victoria County History, 1912), 2: 331-338.

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