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Robert de Throckmorton
de Derinstone
Felicia
Adam de Throckmorton
(-Bef 1246)
Matilda de Derinstone
Robert de Throckmorton
(-Between 1252/1266)

 

Family Links

Spouses/Children:
1. Prudence de Compton

Robert de Throckmorton 1

  • Marriage (1): Prudence de Compton 1
  • Died: Between 1252 and 1266 2

  General Notes:

Robert de Throkemertone (...), lord of Throckmorton, married Prudence, daughter of Robert de Compton.

"In the last year, saving one of King Edward I (1306), (as appeared in the records of the Tower), Robert Throckmorton dyed seysed de uno messuage et una carrucata in Fladbury. Thys Robert dyed also seysed of land in Kinford Co. Stafford." (Habington's History, Co. Worcester, page 290.) Among the deeds at Coughton there is one whereby Robert, son of Adam de Throkemorton, with the assent of his wife, Prudence, grants to Richard Gorwi, of Throkemarton, 4 acres in ths East field of Throkemarton. Witness: William Gocelin, Nicholas Kingoit, William Pipard of Biseamton, Joyce de Piplinton, Robert Rael of Throkemorton, William Aleyn of Fladbury, Robert Frankes of Pidele, Richard Rouland1, W. de Brimarton.

Seal of Robert, son of Adam, a fleur de lis. (No date given.)

There is also a deed at Coughton of Robert, son of Adam de Throkemarton (sic), granting to Alured, son of William Francis de Throkemorton, one-half virgate in Throkemorton, of which one-half acre abuts on the lands of Matilda, relict of Adam, son of Robert. (No date given.)

Robert de Throkemerton paid a fine for a license in 1252. (Fine Rolls, 36 H. III.)

In 1275, memorandum that in the Kalends of August the bishop granted dispensation to Robert de Throkemorton by the authority of the Holy Cross. (From Episcopal Register of the Diocese of Worcester, Register of Bishop Godfrey Giffard, Worcester Historical Society, page 81, vol. 2.)

Issue:
1. Simon de Throkemorton married Isabella de Donnisley, 30 Henry III (1237).
2. Robert de Throkemerton, a physician, had Walter de Throkemerton, "medicus." He was taxed 3s. 4d. for goods in Throckmorton in subsidy of about 1280. (Lechemere Roll, page 36.)
3. Adam de Throkemerton.2 He was taxed 3s. 4d. for goods in Throckmorton in subsidy of about 1280 (Lechemere Roll, page 36.) He was one of the jurors on the In. p. m. of the estate of Philip de Marmion of Co. Worcester, 1292. (In p. m. 20 Edward I, No. 36, Worcester Historical Society.) A priest. In 1298 he was a sub-deacon of the Diocese of Worcester. (Registry of Bishop Giffard, Worcester Historical Society, Vol. II, page 509.)
4. Nicholas de Throkemerton, sub-deacon, 1303.
5. Alexander de Throkemerton. He was taxed 20d. for goods in Bishampton, Co. Worcester, on the subsidy of about 1280. (Lechemere Roll, page 36.)
6. William de Throkemerton, a priest, 1284. (Registry of Bishop Giffard, Worcester Historical Society, Vol. II, page 290.)
7. John de Throkemerton, a priest, 1284.
8. Joan de Throkemerton.

The last six are in all probability children of Robert, although there is no proof of this except that they are contemporary with Simon and Adam.

It appears that John de Throkemerton, the priest, (son of Robert) had some dispute concerning the church of Estlech Wore, for in the Register of Bishop William Ginsborough edited by J. W. Willis Bund for the Worcestershire Mist. Soc., p. 82 (1304) is given an Ordinance concerning the church of Estlech, respecting which a dispute has arisen between John Caleys, rector of the same, and John de Throkmerton, presented to the said church by the prior and convent of Great Malvern. The bishop ordains that John Caleys shall peacefully keep the said church and that John de Throkmerton who is only in minor orders, and, on account of his condition, cannot proceed to higher orders, without the bishop's special licence, shall renounce his right therein and shall receive yearly 40s in the name of charity, from John Caleys as long as he holds the said church, unless he meanwhile obtains another benefice, in which event John Caleys shall be entirely released from the said payment.

This ordinance in the bishops chamber in the presence of the said John de Throkemerton and Symon de Grenhall, the bishops steward, Benet de Feriby, clerk, brother John de Morton, Ailmer le Vyneter of Northampton, John de Feckenham and others. Bredon Wednesday next before the feast of S. Barnabas, apostle 1304.

Page 83, same volume:
"Resignation by John de Throkemorton, clerk, of his right in the church of S. Martin of Astlech, to which he was presented by the prior and convent of Great Malvern, sealed with a certain round seal and delivered into the bishop's hands in his chamber in the presence of the prior of Great Malvern, J. de Foxle, J. de Rodebrwe, B. de Friby, T. de Stratton, Roger Marschal and others. Kermeseye 7 Id. Jul. same year.

This ordinance in the bishops chamber in the presence of the said John de Throkemerton and Symon de Grenhall, the bishops steward, Benet de Feriby, clerk, brother John de Morton, Ailmer le Vyneter of Northampton, John de Feckenham and others. Bredon Wednesday next before the feast of S. Barnabas, apostle 1304."

In the same book, page 39, Nicholas de Throkemerton at the title of patrimony attested. (Probably another son of Robert.)

Footnotes
1 Richard Roland was a grandson of Henry de Throkemerton (1200) who was Robert's great grandfather, as he was a son of Henry's dau. by William (?) Roland. See Feet of Fines for Worc. 38 Hen. in no. 16, 39 Hen. in, no. 28 pp.
2 There is a grant by Adam de Throkemerton (at Coughton) chaplain, to Joan his sister in Hulle temp Edw. I. The land abuts on that of Athelard de Hulle. Witn. Robert de Throkemerton, Robert Kiniot, Richard Rael, Richard le Bonde, Walter Francis. This Adam was one of the Jurors at the In. p. m. of Wm. de Handeshac'r in 20 Edw. I (1292) In. p. m. co. Worc, part 1, p. 42 Worc. Hist. Soc. and in the same year he was a juror a tthe Inquisition made at Worcester of the knights fees and advowsons of the churches in Worcester. 3

  Events

Manorial Estate, 1252, Throckmorton Manor, Throckmorton, Pershore, Worcestershire, WR10, GB. 2 In a catalogue of the charters of the monastery of Worcester there is mentioned one by Wulfstan called the Archbishop, who was Bishop of Worcester from 1062 to 1095, relating to three mansae at THROCKMORTON (Throcmortune, xi cent.; Trokemardtune, xii cent.; Trockmerton, Trochmerton, xiii cent.; Throkmarton, xiv cent.), but the nature of this charter is not known. Throckmorton is not mentioned in the Domesday Survey, being then probably included in Fladbury, of which it was part until the 15th century. After 1415 the manor was held of the Bishops of Worcester at a fee-farm rent of 12.

Throckmorton gives its name to the family of Throckmorton, who were tenants of the Bishop of Worcester at an early date, Reoland Throckmorton appearing as a juror for the hundred of Oswaldslow in the middle of the 12th century. Raulyn, who held 2 hides in Throckmorton about 1182, may have been a member of this family, possibly identical with Reoland. Adam de Throckmorton apparently owned land in Worcestershire in 1174\endash 5, and John and Joscelin de Throckmorton appear in 1175\endash 6 and 1176\endash 7, but it is not known that they held land in Throckmorton. Henry son of John de Throckmorton at the beginning of the 13th century obtained from Mauger Bishop of Worcester (1199\endash 1212) half a hide of land in Fladbury, and he is probably the Henry son of John who is mentioned in the Testa de Nevill as holding a virgate of land in Throckmorton.

Adam son of Robert, who also held at that time a virgate of land in Throckmorton, was possibly the Adam de Throckmorton who was dealing with a third of a fee in Upton and Throckmorton in 1232\endash 3. According to a pedigree of the family given by Nash, Adam died before 1248, and was succeeded by his son Robert, who was alive in 1252. Robert appears to have been succeeded before 1266 by a son Simon. Robert de Throckmorton, who obtained a dispensation from the Bishop of Worcester in 1275, was son of Simon. He was living in 1315\endash 16, and is perhaps identical with the Robert de Throckmorton who in 1333\endash 4 settled four messuages and land in Throckmorton upon his son John and Maud his wife, with remainder to his other children, Nicholas, Sybil, Alice and Joan. The manor of Throckmorton seems, however, to have passed to Robert's son Giles, for a messuage and 2 carucates of land in Throckmorton were settled in 1341\endash 2 upon Giles and his wife Agnes, and upon their sons Robert, John, Thomas and Richard in tail-male.

Thomas Throckmorton, who, according to the pedigree of the family given in the Visitation of Warwickshire, was a son of John Throckmorton, was of the retinue of Thomas Beauchamp Earl of Warwick in 1396, was escheator for the county of Worcester in 1402, and Constable of Elmley Castle in 1404\endash 5. He seems to have made a lease of the manor in 1410\endash 11, and was succeeded by his son Sir John Throckmorton, who was also of the retinue of the Earl of Warwick. In 1415 the Bishop of Worcester obtained licence to grant fourteen messuages and 2 carucates of land in Throckmorton to Sir John de Throckmorton, to be held of the bishop at a feefarm rent. This was probably the estate which the bishop had held in demesne in the 12th century. Habington evidently refers to this transaction when he says that John Carpenter, who succeeded as Bishop of Worcester in 1444, so much disliked the alienation of Throckmorton that he threatened to excommunicate the Prior and monks of Worcester on account of it, whereupon they sued to the Archbishop of Canterbury to send for Thomas son of John Throckmorton and command him to give satisfaction to the Bishop of Worcester. But 'thys lounge contention beeinge in the end utterly extinguished, thys good Bishopp entred into such a leauge of fryndshyp with Thomas Throckmorton as in Testimony of his charitye he enterteyned him to be Stuarde of all hys Castelles, Mannors etc. with a fee of 10 li. per annum.' In 1440 Sir John was styled chamberlain of the Exchequer and under-treasurer of England. He died in 1445, and was buried in the church of Fladbury, where there is an inscription to his memory. Sir John Throckmorton was succeeded by a son Thomas, who in 1467 obtained a general pardon for all offences committed by him before 23 June. He died in 1472,...


Robert married Prudence de Compton, daughter of Robert de Compton and Lucy.1


Sources


1 C. Wickliffe Throckmorton, <i>textsA genealogical and historical account of the Throckmorton family in England and the United States, with brief notes on some of the allied families </i> (Richmond, VA, US: Old Dominion Press, Inc., 1930), 21.

2 Victoria County History, editor, <i></i>, 4 (London: Victoria County History, 1913), 3: 352-364.

3 C. Wickliffe Throckmorton, <i>textsA genealogical and historical account of the Throckmorton family in England and the United States, with brief notes on some of the allied families </i> (Richmond, VA, US: Old Dominion Press, Inc., 1930), 21-23.

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