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Giles de Throckmorton
(-After 1348)
Agnes Fraunceys
Geoffrey Colman of Morton, Worcestershire
Robert de Throckmorton
(-After 1362)
Lucy Colman
Thomas Throckmorton
(-Bef 1411)

 

Family Links

Spouses/Children:
1. Agnes Besford

Thomas Throckmorton 2

  • Marriage (1): Agnes Besford about 1380 1 2
  • Died: Bef 28 Jan 1411 1
  • BuriedMale: St. John the Baptist's Church, Station Road, Fladbury, Pershore, Worcestershire, WR10, GB 3

  General Notes:

Family and Education
s. of Robert Throckmorton of Throckmorton by his w. Lucy, ?da. of Geoffrey Coleman. m. c.1380, Agnes (d. aft. 1428), da. and coh. of Alexander Besford* of Besford, Worcs., 1s. John*.

Offices Held
Commr. of array, Worcs. Dec. 1399, Sept. 1403; inquiry July 1401 (trespass).

J.p. Worcs. 16 May 1401-Nov. 1403, 19 July 1404-Feb. 1410.

Escheator, Worcs. 8 Nov. 1401-29 Nov. 1402.

Constable of Elmley castle, Worcs. by appointment of Richard, earl of Warwick, by 1404-aft. 1405.

Tax collector, Worcs. Mar. 1404.

Verderer, Feckenham forest, Worcs. bef. d.

Biography
There has been some confusion over the pedigree of the early Throckmortons, who were tenants of the bishops of Worcester at Throckmorton from before 1182, but it seems clear that Thomas was the son of Robert, and certainly his mother was called Lucy. The family was closely connected with their neighbours the Besfords, and this friendship was cemented by Thomas's marriage to one of Alexander Besford's daughters. By June 1380 he had inherited land at Throckmorton and nearby at Evesham, this being then entailed on him and his wife, saving to his mother (now the wife of John Schelve) her life interest in the property. Throckmorton subsequently acquired premises in Rous Lench, and salt workings at Droitwich, but he never became a landowner of much substance.1

Throckmorton's career began with military service, from June 1380 until March 1381, in the retinue of Sir William Windsor on the expedition to France led by Thomas of Woodstock. At the Worcestershire elections of 1385 he stood surety for Henry Bruyn* and Sir John Sapy†, and something of his standing in the county is also suggested by his presence (along with his father-in-law and Bruyn) as a witness in February 1392 to the final accord in the dispute between Bishop Wakefield of Worcester and the prior of Worcester over the latter's use of episcopal insignia. The connexion between Wakefield and Throckmorton, his tenant, was evidently a personal one: when the bishop made his will in March 1395 he named among his executors John Besford, the rector of Fladbury and Throckmorton's kinsman by marriage, and Throckmorton himself. The executors were faced with excessive demands at the Exchequer for sums owed from the diocese since the time of Wakefield's predecessor, Bishop Lenn, and they subsequently paid £100 to obtain exoneration from having to find nearly four times that amount. Throckmorton's father-in-law, Alexander Besford, and certain of his other associates, such as Henry Bruyn, were among the circle of legal advisors and retainers surrounding Thomas Beauchamp, earl of Warwick, and it was no doubt with their help that he himself joined this affinity. He had done so by 1396, when he received as his fee for six months the sum of £2 10s., although Warwick's imprisonment and forfeiture in 1397 left him in a precarious position, which prompted him to purchase two royal pardons in the following year.2

Throckmorton's ties with Warwick were not so strong as to prevent him from serving in Ireland from May 1399 in the retinue of Thomas, Lord Despenser, one of the eight lords who had 'appealed' the earl of treason in the Parliament of 1397 (Sept.). However, his involvement in Richard II's last expedition and his brief connexion with Despenser did not harm his career; to the contrary, it was only on Henry IV's accession that he was appointed to royal commissions, including that of the peace. In March 1401 he stood surety at the Exchequer for two others from Worcestershire, Henry Wybbe of Droitwich and Richard Ruyhale* of Birtsmorton, when they obtained leases of land in the region, and later that year he was made royal escheator. During his term of office he was elected to his only known Parliament. In July 1406 it was alleged that he and his fellow justices at an assize of novel disseisin were of the 'kinship and affinity' of Ruyhale and his wife Elizabeth, and therefore likely to show them favour. Whatever the truth of the matter, he attended the Worcestershire elections of 1407, when Ruyhale was returned for the last time.3

Meanwhile, not long after Henry IV's accession, Throckmorton had re-entered the service of Earl Thomas of Warwick and his successor Earl Richard, and had been appointed, presumably by the latter, as constable of Elmley castle, which lay only three miles to the south of the Throckmorton estate at Fladbury. The family association with the Beauchamp affinity was strengthened when, in 1409, the marriage was arranged between our MP's only son, John, and the daughter of another of Earl Richard's retainers, Guy Spyne* of Coughton. Throckmorton is last recorded alive in January 1411 when he and his wife placed their property in the hands of feoffees, namely John Besford (her kinsman) and Robert Whittington* of Pauntley, a prominent figure in the local administration of Gloucestershire. He evidently died before the end of the month, for on 28 Jan. his post as verderer of Feckenham forest (which he probably owed to his Beauchamp connexions) was lying vacant. Throckmorton's widow was still living in 1428.4

Ref Volumes: 1386-1421
Author: L. S. Woodger

Notes
1.Misc. Gen. et Her. (ser. 5), vi. 225-53; CIPM, xvi. 785-6; VCH Worcs. iii. 356-7.
2.C76/64 m. 6; Wm. Salt Arch. Soc. xiv. 230; C219/8/12; Reg. Wakefield (Worcs. Hist. Soc. n.s. vii), p. xlv, no. 683; CPR, 1391-6, p. 596; Egerton Roll 8769; C67/30 mm. 10, 12.
3.CPR, 1396-9, p. 526; CFR, xii. 106, 118; C219/10/4; CCR, 1405-9, p. 152.
4.W. Dugdale, Warws. ii. 749-50; CP25(1)260/26/26; VCH Worcs. iii. 499; CCR, 1409-13, p. 139; Feudal Aids, v. 318.

[History of Parliament]

--------------------------------------

Thomas de Throkmorton (...), lord of the manor of Throckmorton, died after 1411, buried at Fladbury. He was one of the esquires in the retinue of William de Windsor1 in France in 1380-1. He was of the retinue of Thomas de Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, 22 R. II (1399). On the 18th of April, 1399, he had a grant of protection for a year to go to Ireland with Thomas le Despenser, Earl of Gloucester, on the King's service. (Pat. Rolls, 24 R. II, part 3, m. 37.) He was escheator2 for the county of Worcester, 1397 (3 H. IV), constable of Elmly Castle, 1405 (6 H. IV), commissioned a justice of the peace for Worcestershire from 16th May, 1401, to February 13th, 1407. (Pat. Rolls, 2 Hen. IV, part 1, m. 14-d, etc., to Hen. IV, 1 m., 39 d.), Knight of the Shire, 1397 (3 Hen. IV). Married Agnes, daughter and one of the co-heirs of Sir Alexander Besford, of Besford county, Worcester. Thomas was styled Knight Vis. of Worcestershire, 1569, Harl. Soc., vol. 27, page 106. Buried in Fladbury church.

Arms of Besford: Gules, a fess between six pears or.3

Issue:
1. John Throckmorton, died 12th April, 1445, married the day after the Feast of St. John the Baptist, 10 Henry IV, Alianore, daughter and co-heir of Sir Guy de la Spine, of Coughton, Warwickshire.
1. Lucy married Hugh Prickley, county Worcester, and had: (1) Anthony married Barbara, daughter of Richard Frink, (2) George married Frances, daughter of Robert Thorpe, (3) Alexander married Martha, daughter of George Bassett; (1) Mary married Hugh Pudsey, (2) Bridgett married John Leventhorp.
2. A daughter, married to Thomas Dyneley of Charlton, county Worcester, son of Richard Dyneley and his wife, Elyanore, daughter and one of the co-heirs of Sir Simon de Hansacre of Hansacre and Charlton, county Worcester.4

Footnotes
1 Historical collection county Stafford, Wm. Arch. Society, vol. 14, p. 230. (Queens Remembrancer Army bundle 51) French Roll 4 R. II. (1380-1). In a second Retinue Roll bv Wm. de Wyndsore after his arrival in England he claimed for 12 knights, 106 Esquires, and 200 archers, Wm. de Windsor was Captain of Cherbourgh, he m. Alice Perrers, the former mistress of Edw. III. Among the Esquires was Thomas Throgmorton.
2 Thomas Throkmerton ex Retinentia Thomae Beauchamp, comitis Warw. 20 R. II. ex rot. compot. bdl. IV Warwici comitis, de eoderm arno penes Willi Pierpont, arm. Thomas Throckmorton Escaetor domini regis in comitatu Wigorniae. Rot. fin. 3 H. IV. Constabularius castria de Elmeley, 6 H. IV. Ex compoto Ballivi Warwici comit penes i . . Savage de Elmeley, arm.
Before going to France in the retinue of William de Windsor in 20 R. II., Thomas Throkmorton enfeoffed his lands, as appears in an indenture at Coughton, dated at Throkemorton Friday before the Nativity of St. John the Bapt. 3 R., II., Between (1) Thomas de Throkmorton and (2) Sir Richard, rector of Lench Randulf church, Sir Robert de Throkemorton and Sir John Samplon, Chaplains. Whereas Thomas enfeoffed Sir Richard and the rest of all lands & services bond-tenants & goods & chattels in Throkemorton & 16s rent a tenement held by Thomas Guytyng of the said Thomas in Evesham, the condition of the feofment is that the said feoffees & Richard de Lench should enfeoff Thomas by his general attorney viz Alexander de Besford and Agnes his wife & the heirs of their bodies, saving to Lucy, mother of the said Thomas, all her right & possessions in the lands and tenements in Throkemorton for her life: with remainder, failing the heirs of the bodies of Thomas & Agnes to the right heirs of Thomas. It will be noted from the seal attached to this indenture that Thomas bore for arms a fess between three mullets evidently taken from his maternal coat.
From the above it is very evident that Thomas' mother's name was Lucy and neither Maud nor Anne as the pedigrees of the family give it. It will be noted by referring to the grant from Geoffrey Colman to Robert de Throkemerton and his wife Lucy, in 35 Edw. III., (1362) [on page 34] that Lucy Colman was the mother of Thomas. I can find no evidence that John de Throkmorton, son of Robert de Throkmerton by his second wife, Alice de Mortimer, had any children, and as he was evidently a second son, being the eldest son of the second wife, I can see no reason why his children if any, should have taken precedence over those of his elder brother Giles.
In 1410-11, Thomas Throkmorton and his wife, Agnes, were dealing with two messuages and 4 carucates of land in Rous Lench (Feet of Fines, Worc. Hil. 12 Hen. IV) and in 1428 Agnes Throkmorton held half a fee in Rous Lench with Thos. Serchesden (Feudal Aids, V. 318) in 1433 her son, John Throckmorton, presented to the church (Nash op. cit. II, 17).
In the Feet of Fines, Worcestershire, case 260, file 26, No. 26, there is a Final agreement made in the king's court at Westminster from St. Hilary in 15 days, 12 Henry IV (1411) before the king's Justices there, between John Besford clerk, and Robert Whytyngton, plaintiffs, and Thomas Throkemerton and Agnes his wife, defendants, of the manor of Throkemerton and appurtenances, and two messuages, 4 carucates of land and 12 virgates of meadow in Lenche Randolph: wherof a plea of convention was summoned between them, that is that Thomas and Agnes acknowledge the same to be the right of Robert as of their gift, and they remit and quitclaim for themselves and their heirs the same premises to John and Robert forever. For which acknowledgment etc. John and Robert give Thomas and Agnes 200 marks of silver.
3 These arms have always appeared quartered in the Throckmorton achievement and have ever since the Visitation of Warwickshire, 1619 (Harl. Soc., vol. 12) been wrongly described as Gules a fess between six goutees or, instead of six pears or, as it should have been, and attributed to Wyke.
By referring to the description of the two tombs at Fladbury, co. Worcester, as given by Habington, it will be noted that he gives between the heads of the figures a shield showing a chevron with two bars gemelles impaling a chevron between three crescents (Spine.) the two lower shields somewhat lower had in his time (1650) been taken away, one of these shields may have been the Colman arms, viz: argent on a fess gules three mullets or., as there is no doubt that Robert de Throkmorton married Lucy, daughter and co-heir of Geoffrey Colman; the fess between three mullets which Thomas de Throkmorton, son of Robert de Throkmorton and Lucy Colman used to seal the enfeoffment dated 1380. [See cut fac. p. 34], may simply have been a variation of his maternal arms and adopted by him for his personal use). Lower down at the feet on the right side are the Throckmorton arms impaling a fess between six pears and on the left the Throckmorton arms impaling a fess charged with three pheons y these arms appeared also in a window at Coughton in Dugdale's time, but he did not venture to give the family name. These arms evidently belong to one of Sir John Throckmorton's ancestors. Unfortunately when this tomb was restored in Sir Charles Throckmorton's time (1740) it was done in a very careless manner and the only arms shown on the tomb are the Throckmorton impaling a fess charged with three pheons, which shield was repeated five times instead of the arms which according to Habington and Nash were originally emblazoned and unfortunately these arms cannot be identified.
In the description of the tomb of Goditha Throckmorton, Habington gives the date of her death correctly as 1488, but states she married Edward Bosom, while Nash states she died in 1438 (evidently an error of transcribing) but gives her husband's name as Edward Peto. Habington says the arms shown on this monument in his time were I. On a fess embattled and counter battled, 3 crescents between six cross crosslets fitchee; 2. A fess embattled, 3. He states that he does not know what the blazon is; 4. A chevron between three fishes salient. These on the right hand of the tomb, on the left the same arms quartered as before, impaling a chevron between three horse shoes. Nash in his time (1781) says that on the right side of the tomb are four coats quartered: 1. On a fess embattled and counter battled three crescents between six crosses crosslets fitchee: 2. A fess embattled: the rest wanting, on the left side the same arms quartered as before, impaling a chevron between three bird bolts, quartering a chevron between three horse shoes. They both then give the Peto arms. The interesting point is that the arms quartered show a chevron between three fishes salient and also the arms of Abberbury, which confirms the opinion I have held for some time that the Olneys quartered these arms. They also show the fess embattled and counter battled, etc., of Olney, and empales a chevron between three bird bolts quartering a chevron between three horse shoes; neither of these last two arms were ever shown as Throckmorton quarterings, but strange to relate both of them were shown in the windows of Coughton in Dugdale's time, the first given as unknown and the second given as belonging to Marshall. I find that the first of these arms appear on a deed at Coughton m which Henry de Fortho grants to William his son and Margaret his wife in free marriage the manor of Weston, and also the reversion of lands and tenements winch Adam de Fortho, brother of the said Henry, holds for life in Weston; to Wm. and 1
of their bodies, with contigent reversion to the said Henry and his heirs. Dated Haroudon Magna, Wed: after the Translation of St. Thomas, Ap. H Edward ill.
These arms undoubtedly formed one of the quarterings of the Olneys, who very likely descended fmm Henry de Fortho, anciently the owner of Weston. In i439 all the lands of the Fortho family in Weston passed to Robert Olney, Esq., by exchange.
The Throckmortons have quartered ever since 1613, gules three bird bolts argent for Bosom. They should also quarter argent a chevron between three bird bolts; they are evidently entitled to quarter the Marshall arms and the chevron between three fishes for Dlney of Tachebrooke. (The Throckmortons of Suffolk quartered a chevron engrailed between three horse shoes .... evidently the same arms changed slightly for difference. This branch of the family descended from John Throckmorton, a son of Thomas Throckmorton and Margaret Olney.)
4 Visitation of county Worcester, 1569, Harl. Soc., vol. 27, page 50, shows that Sir Simon Hansacre of Hansacre and Charleton co. Worcester had a daughter Elyanore who m. Richard Dyneley whose son Thomas m. a dau. of Throgmorton, and give as Sir Simons arms: (5 Edw. 3) Ermine three chess-rooks, Crest a dragons head out of a ducal coronet. Ihese arms were in one of the windows of Coughton in Dugdale's time and were listed as unknown
A Sir Simon de Handsacre was in possession of Charlton 1331 (Feudal Aids V. 309) and William de Handsacre in 1346, Sir Simon de Handsacre who succeeded William d. before 1383 (Victoria History of Worcestershire, under Charlton) leaving three daughters.
1. Eleanore wife of Richard Dineley.
2. Elizabeth wife of Roger Colmon and afterwards of Peter Melburn.
3.Isabel wife of Lawrence Frodley.
Richard Dineley was dealing with a third of the manor in 1386-7 and 3 years later the co-heirs conveyed the manor to Trustees (Feet of Fines county. Worc. Easter 12 Ric. II) evidently for the purpose of settling it on the Dineleys to whom it afterwards passed.
In 7 Hen. 6th Thomas Dyneley granted to John Throkmorton Esq. Thomas Rous, Walter Gillot, clerk, Richard Furnyng & Ralph Ingolsby, the manor of Charlton co. Worcester, to them and their heirs & assigns forever, Charleton, Tues. feast of St. Anne 7 Hen. VI. 1 4

  Events

• Manorial Estate, 1357, Morton Underhill Manor, Inkberrow, Worcester, Worcestershire, WR7, GB. 5 MORTON UNDERHILL (Morton-next-Inteberg, xiii cent.; Comynes Morton, xiv cent.; Mourton Underhill, xv cent.) was held of the manor of Great Inkberrow.

[...]

The tenant under the lords of Great Inkberrow in the middle of the 13th century was perhaps Adam le Boteler, as he granted to the hospital of St. Wulfstan a load of corn annually at Thorne. In a return of knights' fees belonging to the manor of Inkberrow taken in 1375\endash 6 it is stated that James de Boys had held Thorne, and, as a James de Boys paid a subsidy of 4s. 6d. at Inkberrow in 1280, he was probably holding Thorne at that time. Part of the manor passed before 1346 to Christine de Boys, for at that date she held it jointly with John Gerard, Nicholas Somery, Philip le Freeman and Geoffrey Colman. The last-named had been dealing with land in Thorne in 1330\endash 1, and was evidently a descendant of Roger Colman, who paid a subsidy of 2s. 6d. at Inkberrow in 1280. In 1357\endash 8 Geoffrey Colman seems to have transferred his interest in the manor to Thomas son of John [must be Robert] de Throckmorton.

[...]

The Throckmortons seem to have retained the interest in the manor acquired from Geoffrey Colman in 1357\endash 8, for, though no deeds have been found relating to this part of the manor from that time until 1581, Sir Robert Throckmorton then died seised of the manor, which followed the same descent as Throckmorton until 1604\endash 5, when it was sold by Thomas Throckmorton to Edward Turvey and John Surman.

• Manorial Estate, 1410, Throckmorton Manor, Throckmorton, Pershore, Worcestershire, WR10, GB. 6 In a catalogue of the charters of the monastery of Worcester there is mentioned one by Wulfstan called the Archbishop, who was Bishop of Worcester from 1062 to 1095, relating to three mansae at THROCKMORTON (Throcmortune, xi cent.; Trokemardtune, xii cent.; Trockmerton, Trochmerton, xiii cent.; Throkmarton, xiv cent.), but the nature of this charter is not known. Throckmorton is not mentioned in the Domesday Survey, being then probably included in Fladbury, of which it was part until the 15th century. After 1415 the manor was held of the Bishops of Worcester at a fee-farm rent of £12.

Throckmorton gives its name to the family of Throckmorton, who were tenants of the Bishop of Worcester at an early date, Reoland Throckmorton appearing as a juror for the hundred of Oswaldslow in the middle of the 12th century. Raulyn, who held 2½ hides in Throckmorton about 1182, may have been a member of this family, possibly identical with Reoland. Adam de Throckmorton apparently owned land in Worcestershire in 1174\endash 5, and John and Joscelin de Throckmorton appear in 1175\endash 6 and 1176\endash 7, but it is not known that they held land in Throckmorton. Henry son of John de Throckmorton at the beginning of the 13th century obtained from Mauger Bishop of Worcester (1199\endash 1212) half a hide of land in Fladbury, and he is probably the Henry son of John who is mentioned in the Testa de Nevill as holding a virgate of land in Throckmorton.

Adam son of Robert, who also held at that time a virgate of land in Throckmorton, was possibly the Adam de Throckmorton who was dealing with a third of a fee in Upton and Throckmorton in 1232\endash 3. According to a pedigree of the family given by Nash, Adam died before 1248, and was succeeded by his son Robert, who was alive in 1252. Robert appears to have been succeeded before 1266 by a son Simon. Robert de Throckmorton, who obtained a dispensation from the Bishop of Worcester in 1275, was son of Simon. He was living in 1315\endash 16, and is perhaps identical with the Robert de Throckmorton who in 1333\endash 4 settled four messuages and land in Throckmorton upon his son John and Maud his wife, with remainder to his other children, Nicholas, Sybil, Alice and Joan. The manor of Throckmorton seems, however, to have passed to Robert's son Giles, for a messuage and 2 carucates of land in Throckmorton were settled in 1341\endash 2 upon Giles and his wife Agnes, and upon their sons Robert, John, Thomas and Richard in tail-male.

Thomas Throckmorton, who, according to the pedigree of the family given in the Visitation of Warwickshire, was a son of John Throckmorton, was of the retinue of Thomas Beauchamp Earl of Warwick in 1396, was escheator for the county of Worcester in 1402, and Constable of Elmley Castle in 1404\endash 5. He seems to have made a lease of the manor in 1410\endash 11, and was succeeded by his son Sir John Throckmorton, who was also of the retinue of the Earl of Warwick. In 1415 the Bishop of Worcester obtained licence to grant fourteen messuages and 2 carucates of land in Throckmorton to Sir John de Throckmorton, to be held of the bishop at a feefarm rent. This was probably the estate which the bishop had held in demesne in the 12th century. Habington evidently refers to this transaction when he says that John Carpenter, who succeeded as Bishop of Worcester in 1444, so much disliked the alienation of Throckmorton that he threatened to excommunicate the Prior and monks of Worcester on account of it, whereupon they sued to the Archbishop of Canterbury to send for Thomas son of John Throckmorton and command him to give satisfaction to the Bishop of Worcester. But 'thys lounge contention beeinge in the end utterly extinguished, thys good Bishopp entred into such a leauge of fryndshyp with Thomas Throckmorton as in Testimony of his charitye he enterteyned him to be Stuarde of all hys Castelles, Mannors etc. with a fee of 10 li. per annum.' In 1440 Sir John was styled chamberlain of the Exchequer and under-treasurer of England. He died in 1445, and was buried in the church of Fladbury, where there is an inscription to his memory. Sir John Throckmorton was succeeded by a son Thomas, who in 1467 obtained a general pardon for all offences committed by him before 23 June. He died in 1472,...


Thomas married Agnes Besford, daughter of Alexander Besford of Besford, Worcestershire and Joan, about 1380.1 2 (Agnes Besford died after 1428 1.)


Sources


1 J. S. Roskell and L. Clark, editors, <i>The History of Parliament: The House of Commons, 1386-1421 </i>, 4 Volumes (N.p.: Boydell and Brewer, 1993).

2 C. Wickliffe Throckmorton, <i>textsA genealogical and historical account of the Throckmorton family in England and the United States, with brief notes on some of the allied families </i> (Richmond, VA, US: Old Dominion Press, Inc., 1930), 33, 42-43 (tree).

3 C. Wickliffe Throckmorton, <i>textsA genealogical and historical account of the Throckmorton family in England and the United States, with brief notes on some of the allied families </i> (Richmond, VA, US: Old Dominion Press, Inc., 1930), 34.

4 C. Wickliffe Throckmorton, <i>textsA genealogical and historical account of the Throckmorton family in England and the United States, with brief notes on some of the allied families </i> (Richmond, VA, US: Old Dominion Press, Inc., 1930), 33-36.

5 Victoria County History, editor, <i></i>, 4 (London: Victoria County History, 1913), 3: 418-430.

6 Victoria County History, editor, <i></i>, 4 (London: Victoria County History, 1913), 3: 352-364.

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