Drew Barentin of Chalgrove, Oxfordshire
Thomas Barentin of Chalgrove, Oxfordshire
(-Abt 1364)
Thomas Barentin of Chalgrove, Oxfordshire


Family Links

1. Elizabeth Malyns

Thomas Barentin of Chalgrove, Oxfordshire

  • Marriage (1): Elizabeth Malyns before 1381
  • Died: 22 Jun 1400 1
  • BuriedMale: St. Mary's Church, Church Lane, Chalgrove, Oxford, Oxfordshire, OX44 7SD, GB

   Another name for Thomas was Thomas Barentyn.

  General Notes:

Family and Education
1st s. of Thomas Barantyn of Chalgrove, and er. bro. of Drew*. m. bef. 1381, Joan, prob. da. of Sir Reynold Malyns† of Henton, 1s. 1da.1

Offices Held
Commr. of arrest, Oxon. July 1378, June 1384, July 1387; to put down rebellion Mar. Dec. 1382; of inquiry Nov. 1383 (rights of the King's mother's tenants), Feb. 1387 (wrongful arrests), Dec. 1387 (escapes of felons), Thames valley Feb. 1391 (theft of goods seized by the water bailiff), Oxon., Northants. Sept. 1391 (felonies); array Oxon. Apr. 1385, Mar. 1392, Dec. 1399; weirs June 1398.

Sheriff, Oxon. and Berks. 25 Nov. 1378-5 Nov. 1379, 24 Nov. 1382-1 Nov. 1383, 18 Nov. 1386-7, 11 Nov. 1394-9 Nov. 1395.

J.p. Oxon. May 1380-Dec. 1382, Nov. 1383-d.

Tax collector, Oxon. Dec. 1380.

Escheator, Oxon. and Berks. 30 Nov. 1388-30 Jan. 1390, 2 Jan.-24 Oct. 1392.

Alnager, Oxon. 20 July-24 Nov. 1394.

Verderer of the forests of Rockingham, Shotover and Stowood at d.

The Barantyn family had held property in Chalgrove since the early 13th century, as a consequence of a grant made by Henry III to Drew Barantyn, afterwards steward of his household. The manor there was to be valued after Thomas Barantyn's death at 40 marks a year. Elsewhere in Oxfordshire, Thomas owned land at Nettlebed, and he shared with his younger brother Drew, the wealthy London goldsmith and financier, possession of the manor of Little Haseley, as confirmed to them both by Sir Richard Adderbury I* in 1391.2

The Barantyn brothers' careers had diverged from very early on. Whereas the talented Drew established a reputation as a master craftsman of outstanding ability and as a leading figure in the government of London, Thomas trod a more conventional path as a typical member of the Oxfordshire gentry. He undertook administrative duties in the area for more than 20 years, including the shrievalty, which he occupied for four annual terms, and a long stretch on the bench. Curiously, although his earliest appointment to a royal commission was in 1378, as soon as June 1380 he took out letters patent of exemption from holding any office against his will. In this action he was following in the steps of Sir Reynold Malyns, his presumed father-in-law, a former retainer and steward of the household of the Black Prince. His close attachment to Malyns raises the possibility that he himself had served in the prince's foreign campaigns in his youth, although evidence is lacking. Not only did he stand surety at the Exchequer on Sir Reynold's behalf (in 1381), but also acted as a trustee of his estates and executor of his will. Furthermore, before his death in 1384, Malyns directed that Barantyn and his wife Joan should hold for their lives, together with his own widow, his property in the London parish of St. Martin Orgar. (This, in fact, they were afterwards to sell, with the consent of Malyns's grandson.) Barantyn and his friend, John Harrowden*, then took on the feoffeeship of the estates inherited by Malyns's son, Sir Edmund, who died just a year later in 1385, but not before he had named Barantyn and his wife in an entail of certain lands in Henton and Britwell. Subsequently, in 1391, a similar arrangement was made with regard to the Malyns manor of Little Purley in Berkshire. Both entails provided that in the event of the death without issue of Sir Edmund's younger son, Edmund, all these properties would pass to the Barantyns. Our Member was long to keep a fatherly eye on the doings of the Malyns heir, Reynold (d. 1431).3

Barantyn also established connexions with several other of the more prominent figures of the locality. He was well known to Sir John Golafre, a favoured knight of the chamber to Richard II and constable of Wallingford castle, who by his will made in 1394 named him as an executor. Also, he was so friendly with the wealthy Sir Ralph Stonor that he was asked to be godfather to his second son, Thomas*, and later the same year (1394) to look after his affairs at home during the absence in Ireland with Richard II's forces, Stonor giving him as recompense an annual rent of £2 for life from his estate at Watlington. Following Sir Ralph's death in Ireland, Barantyn shared with William Wilcotes* (with whom he had twice sat in Parliament) a grant at the Exchequer of custody of two-thirds of the Stonor estates, paying £80 a year for the duration of the heir's minority. Besides acting as attorney for Stonor, Barantyn had also undertaken a similar task on behalf of his wife's kinsman, Edmund Hampden* (who was later in 1395 to marry Stonor's widow); and for Sir Baldwin Berford, both of whom had also crossed over to Ireland with the King. For Berford, the keeper of the royal mews, both Barantyn and his brother Drew later served as trustees of property in London. Meanwhile, in May 1395 Barantyn had obtained a royal pardon of all sums of money due to the Crown for the escape of seven prisoners from his custody at Oxford castle during this, his fourth, shrievalty. Throughout his career Barantyn had been on good terms with John James† of Wallingford (a friendship doubtless strengthened by the marriage of his son Reynold to James's daughter); and following James's death in 1396 Barantyn immediately became a feoffee of property in London on behalf of his son and heir, Robert*. On 20 Jan. 1397, two days before the opening of the Parliament in which he was to sit for Oxfordshire and Robert James for Berkshire, he was also made a trustee of the rest of James's substantial inheritance. It was probably to a co-feoffee, James's father-in-law, Sir Edmund de la Pole*, that Barantyn owed his appointment as verderer of the royal forests of Shotover and Stowood, for de la Pole held the foresterships in fee. On the last day of the same Parliament, 12 Feb., Barantyn stood surety at the Exchequer for Sir Gerard Braybrooke II*, another kinsman of his wife, and further indication of his connexion with the Braybrookes came two years later when he was enfeoffed of land in Essex by Robert Braybrooke, bishop of London, Sir Gerard's uncle. (His wife's presumed nephew Reynold Malyns was at that time serving as an esquire in the bishop's household.)4

Barantyn was empanelled as a juror at the trial for treason of Sir Thomas Blount* and other rebels against Henry IV, held at Oxford castle in January 1400. He died later that same year, on 22 June, and was buried near his parents in Chalgrove church. His heir was his son Reynold (1382-1441), who in 1416 was to inherit the substantial landed holdings of his wealthy uncle Drew, the London goldsmith, subsequently consolidating his position by marrying his uncle's widow.5

Ref Volumes: 1386-1421
Author: L. S. Woodger

1.The pedigree given in Oxon. Arch. Soc. Rep. 1909, pp. 30-31 and followed by VCH Oxon. viii. 61-62, is probably in error in making Joan Barantyn the da. of Sir Edmund Malyns (d. 1385), who, b. the son of Sir Reynold Malyns in c.1351, is much more likely to have been her brother, especially as Sir Edmund's er. s. and h., Reynold, was not born until c.1372: CIPM, xvi. 136, 268, 270-1.
2.Bk. of Fees, i. 555; CCR, 1389-92, p. 334; CPR, 1391-6, p. 297.
3.CPR, 1377-81, pp. 439, 506; 1388-92, p. 466; 1391-6, p. 543; CFR, ix. 279; CIPM, xvi. 136, 268, 270-1; C136/109/30; VCH Oxon. viii. 61-62; CCR, 1385-9, p. 391; Corporation of London RO, hr 124/47, 97; VCH Berks. iii. 420.
4.CCR, 1377-81, pp. 327-8, 360; 1385-9, p. 94; 1392-6, pp. 87, 113, 342; 1405-9, p. 76; CPR, 1391-6, pp. 476-7, 499, 565; 1396-9, p. 525; CFR, xi. 136, 202; Lambeth Pal. Lib., Reg. Arundel, i. f. 155; L.H. Butler, 'Bp. Braybrooke and kinsmen' (Oxf. Univ. D.Phil. thesis, 1951), 134; London hr 124/97, 125/49, 129/38; C138/10/50; Boarstall Cart. (Oxf. Hist. Soc. lxxxviii), 261.
5.E37/28; C137/34/4; Oxon. Arch. Soc. Rep. 1909, p. 32; CCR, 1399-1402, pp. 174, 176; 1413-19, pp. 327, 466; CFR, xiv. 177. 2


• Manorial Estate, 1364-1400, Chalgrove Manor, Chalgrove, Oxford, Oxfordshire, OX44, GB. 3 Barentin's Manor Drew Barentin (d. 1264 or 1265) was succeeded by his son (or possibly nephew) William Barentin (d. 1290 or 1291). The manor then passed in the direct male line to Drew (d. 1329), Thomas (d. c.1364), Thomas (d. 1400), Reynold (d. 1441), Drew (d. 1453), and John Barentin (d. 1474). John's son John was beset by financial difficulties, and in 1485 sold the manor to Thomas Danvers on behalf of William Waynflete, bishop of Winchester, who used it to endow Magdalen College, Oxford.

• Inquisition: Post mortem, 20 Nov 1385. 4 266. Edmund Malyns, knight

Writ, 20 November, 9 Richard II

SOMERSET. Inq. taken at Mulbornport, 16 December, 9 Richard II.

He was seised of the under-mentioned manor jointly with Isabel his wife.

Stawell. The manor, with the advowson of the church, held of Matthew de Gornay, knight, as of his manor of Corymalet, by knight's service.

He died on 15 October last. Reynold his son, aged 12 years and more, is his heir.

267. DORSET. Inq. taken at Shirborn, 14 December, 9 Richard II.

He held no lands &c. in the county.

Date of death and heir as above.

268. Writ, 18 November, 9 Richard II

Endorsed: The escheator has taken into the king's hand the manor of Little Purle because it is held of the king in chief and was alienated without the king's licence.

OXFORD.Extent (indented) taken at Watlyngton, Tuesday before St. Nicholas, 9 Richard II.
The said Edmund held no lands in the county on the day of his death because on Wednesday before the Translation of St. Thomas the Martyr, 9 Richard II, he gave all his lands &c. in the county to Thomas Barentyn, John Harwdon, John Bouer, vicar of the church of Bournham, and William de Achekote, their heirs and assigns, and they have been in seisin ever since.

He died on Sunday after St. Denis last. Reynold his son, aged 13 years and more, is his heir.

269. BERKS. Extent (indented) taken at Arloe Croys, Saturday after the Conception, 9 Richard II.

The said Edmund held no lands &c. in the county because &c. (as in the last inquisition).
Date of death and heir as last above.

Little Purle. The manor, held of the king in chief, services not known, and alienated as above without the king's licence.

270. Writ of plenius certiorari, with reference to the last two inquisitions, to enquire as to the tenure of the manors and lands aforesaid, and whether the tenants in dower and other tenants thereof attorned to the said feoffees. 24 January, 9 Richard II.

OXFORD. Extent (indented) taken at Henle, Thursday the eve of the Purification, 9 Richard II.
Florence late the wife of Reynold Malyns, knight, was dowered by the said Edmund of the under-mentioned manor of Brittewell and other lands and rents in other counties in full satisfaction of her dower of all his lands in the counties of Oxford and Berks. She granted the manor for the term of her life to the said Edmund and his heirs and assigns, and all the tenants attorned to Edmund. Afterwards the said Edmund granted the manor and the under-mentioned premises to Thomas Barentyn and other feoffees (as above), to whom Florence and all the tenants attorned.

Brittewell. The manor, held of the king, as of the honor of Gloucester, by service of a tenth part of a knight's fee.

Henton. The manor, held of the king, as of the honor of Wallingford, by service of a moiety of a knight's fee.

Attyndon. A carucate of land, held of the abbot of Thame, services not known.

271. BERKS. Extent (indented) taken at Remneham, Thursday the eve of the Purification, 9 Richard II.

He granted the under-mentioned manor and rent to Thomas Barentyn and other feoffees (as above), to whom all the tenants attorned.

Little Purle. The manor, held of the king in chief, services not known.

Redyng. 13s. 4d. rent, held of the abbot of Redyng in free burgage.

C. Ric. II File 40 (1)
E. Enrolments &c. of Inq. No. 234 (3) (Berks)

• Manorial Estate, 1391-1400, Little Haseley Manor, Little Haseley, Oxford, Oxfordshire, OX44, GB. 5 In 1391 Little Haseley was bought by the wealthy London goldsmith Drew Barentin and his brother Thomas, lord of neighbouring Chalgrove. After Drew died childless in 1415 the manor passed to the Chalgrove Barentins, who by the mid 15th century were making Little Haseley their principal seat. John Barentins' widow Elizabeth retained custody during the minority of their son John (d. 1485), who sold Chalgrove, and whose son William came of age in 1502. He served as MP and died in 1549, to be succeeded first by his son Francis (d. 1559) and later by Francis's sister Mary (d. 1581), the wife of Anthony Huddleston.

• Inquisition: Post mortem, 16 Sep 1399. 6 1325 EDMUND MALYNS

BERKS. Inq. (indented) taken at Walyngford, 16 September, 23 Richard II.

He held no lands etc. in the said county. But John Harndon, John Boner, vicar of Burnam, and William Achecote, vicar of Chalgrave, were seised in their demesne as of fee of two parts of the under-mentioned manor of Purlegh and of the reversion of the third part which Isabel late wife of Edmund Malyns father of the said Edmund holds in dower for term of life. The said John, John and William granted to the said Edmund younger son of Edmund the said two parts and the reversion of the third part of the manor for term of life with successive remainders to the heirs of the body of Edmund Malyns the father of the said Edmund, Thomas Barentyn and Joan his wife and their heirs male, and to the right heirs of the said Edmund Malyns the father, the king's licence having been obtained.

Purlegh. Two parts of the manor and the reversion of the third part, held of the king in chief by the service of an eighth part of a knight's fee.

He died on Pentecost Sunday last past. Reynold Malyns, aged 24 years and more, is the son of the said Edmund the father and brother of Edmund the son and his next heir.

C. Ric. II File 109 (10)

• Inquisition: Post mortem, 11 Dec 1402. 1 695 THOMAS BARENTYN

Writ 11 Dec. 1402.

OXFORD. Inquisition. Tetsworth. 21 Dec. 1402.

He held the manor of Chalgrove of the prince [of Wales] by knight service, annual value 40 marks.

He died on 22 June 1400. Reynold his son and next heir is aged 20 3/4 years. Thomas Harcourt and Joan his wife have held the manor meanwhile and taken the profits, title unknown.

C 137/34, no. 4
E 152/385, no. 1

Thomas married Elizabeth Malyns, daughter of Sir Edmund Malyns of Henton, Oxfordshire and Isabel, before 1381.


1 J E E S Sharp and A E Stamp, <i>Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem </i> (London: n.p., n.d.), 18 (Henry IV): 227-244.

2 J. S. Roskell and L. Clark, editors, <i>The History of Parliament: The House of Commons, 1386-1421 </i>, 4 Volumes (N.p.: Boydell and Brewer, 1993).

3 Victoria County History of Oxfordshire, Vol. 18 pp 122-157.

4 J E E S Sharp and A E Stamp, <i>Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem </i> (London: n.p., n.d.), 16 (Richard II): 100-110.

5 Victoria County History of Oxfordshire, Vol. 18 pp 235-274.

6 J E E S Sharp and A E Stamp, <i>Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem </i> (London: n.p., n.d.), 17 (Richard II): 508-520.

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