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Warin de Bassingbourn
(-Bef 1229)
Eve de Tracy
Aimery de Sacy
(Bef 1186-Bef 1253)
Warin de Bassingbourn
(Abt 1227-1269)
Isabel de Sacy
(Bef 1228-)
Joan de Bassingbourn
(-After 1275)


Family Links

1. Thomas Mauduit

Joan de Bassingbourn

  • Marriage (1): Thomas Mauduit 1
  • Died: After 1275 1


Manorial Estate, 1264-1271, Warminster Manor, Warminster, Wiltshire, GB. 1 WARMINSTER belonged to the kings of England before the Conquest, and was still in the hands of William I in 1086. (fn. 1) By 1156 it had been granted to William FitzHamon, (fn. 2) a tenant in several counties and constable of Salisbury Castle in the earlier part of the reign of Henry II. (fn. 3) William held it until 1175, (fn. 4) when it reverted to the Crown, probably by his death. It was immediately regranted in fee to Robert Mauduit, (fn. 5) a royal chamberlain and younger son of a family whose chief estates were in Buckinghamshire. (fn. 6) He had succeeded FitzHamon in his constableship of Salisbury, and it is possible that the estate was regarded as appurtenant to that office. (fn. 7) Robert obtained a renewal of the grant when Richard I succeeded to the throne, (fn. 8) but was dead by 1191. (fn. 9) His son and heir Thomas was a minor, and was in the successive wardships of Robert de Tregoze (fn. 10) and Hugh de Bosco (fn. 11) until he came of age by Michaelmas 1204. (fn. 12) Thomas held Warminster, except for a forfeiture when he joined John's enemies, (fn. 13) until his death c. 1244, when he was succeeded by his son William. (fn. 14) William was dead by 1264, leaving a son Thomas, a minor, whose wardship was granted to Warin de Bassingburn, his uncle. (fn. 15) In 1270 Thomas was given licence to let the manor of Warminster while he went to the Holy Land with Prince Edward. (fn. 16) He probably died abroad, for in 1271 the wardship of his heir Warin was granted to Richard, King of the Romans. (fn. 17) In 1275 Thomas's widow Joan held Warminster in dower. (fn. 18) Warin came of age c. 1290 and in 1294 was licensed to let Warminster to Bogo de Knoville, the last holder of his wardship, for six years. (fn. 19) At Warin's death in 1300 he was succeeded by his son Thomas, (fn. 20) who came of age in 1308 (fn. 21) and was executed after the battle of Boroughbridge in 1322. (fn. 22) Warminster was immediately granted to Hugh le Despenser the elder, (fn. 23) but on the accession of Edward III Thomas's widow Eleanor was assigned her dower in it, (fn. 24) and the custody of the remainder granted to John de Kingston during the minority of John, the heir. (fn. 25) John came of age in 1332, and settled Warminster on himself and Juliane his wife in the same year. (fn. 26) He died in 1364 leaving as heir, after the termination of his widow's estate, his granddaughter Maud, daughter of his son Thomas who was already dead. (fn. 27)

Maud took the Mauduit inheritance to a Northhamptonshire family, for she married Sir Henry Greene of Drayton near Kettering. (fn. 28) He was executed in 1399 and succeeded in turn by his sons Ralph, who died without issue in 1417, (fn. 29) and John, who died in 1433. (fn. 30) John's son Henry died in 1467 leaving an only daughter and heir Constance, who married John Stafford, third son of Humphrey, Duke of Buckingham. (fn. 31) Stafford was created Earl of Wiltshire in 1470 and died three years later. His only son Edward died without issue in 1499, and after a long dispute his property passed to the heirs of his maternal grandfather Henry Greene, who were the descendants of Greene's sisters Isabel and Margaret. (fn. 32) Of these, Margaret left by her husband Sir William Huddleston a daughter Elizabeth, who married Sir Thomas Cheney and died without issue in 1502. (fn. 33) The whole inheritance thus passed to the issue of Isabel Greene, who had married Sir Richard Vere. Their son Sir Henry Vere left four daughters; of these one died without issue, so that Warminster was divided into thirds amongst the others. (fn. 34)

Of these three coheirs, Anne married Sir Humphrey Brown of Abbess Roding (Essex), a Justice of the Common Pleas who died in 1562. Their only son George died without surviving issue soon after his father, and this share of Warminster descended to his three half-sisters by his father's second marriage. (fn. 35) The second coheir Audrey married into the same family of Browns, and by her husband John left a son George and a grandson Wistan. (fn. 36) The third coheir Elizabeth married John Mordaunt created Baron Mordaunt in 1532, and her share of Warminster descended to her grandson Lewis, the 3rd baron. (fn. 37)

1. V.C.H. Wilts. ii, p. 116.
2. Pipe R. 1156\endash 8 (Rec. Com.), 57.
3. Red Bk. Exch. (Rolls Ser.), 664 and passim; V.C.H. Wilts. vi. 54\endash 5.
4. Pipe R. 1175 (P.R.S. xxii), 99, and preceeding volumes in the same series.
5. Ibid. 1176 (P.R.S. xxv), 171; Cartae Antiquae Rolls (P.R.S. n.s. xxxiii), 184.
6. The elaborate account of this family in Robert Halstead (pseud.), Succint Genealogies of the ... Houses of ... Mauduit of Warminster ... (1685), was followed by Hoare, Mod. Wilts, Warminster, 2\endash 8, but its earlier part is corrected in R. W. Eyton, 'Pedigree of the Baronial Houses of Mauduit', Herald and Genealogist, vii. 385\endash 94. For a criticism of Halstead's work see Beds. Hist. Rec. Soc. xi. 84\endash 87.
7. V.C.H. Wilts. v. 8.
8. Halstead, Succint Genealogies, 128; Pipe R. 1190 (P.R.S. n.s. i), 121.
9. Pipe R. 1191 & 1192 (P.R.S. n.s. ii), 121.
10. Ibid. 281.
11. Ibid. 1195 (P.R.S. n.s. vi), 136.
12. Ibid. 1204 (P.R.S. n.s. xviii), 247. Halstead printed a deed settling Warminster on Robert's younger son Robert; if genuine it cannot have taken effect, but deeds settling a smaller estate on him are in W.R.O. 490 Hungerford Cart. ff. 112v.\endash 113.
13. Rot. Litt. Claus. (Rec. Com.), i. 285, 315.
14. Ex. e Rot. Fin. (Rec. Com.), i. 418; Eyton, Antiquities of Shropshire, iv. 65.
15. Close R. 1261\endash 4, 339\endash 40; Cal. Pat. 1258\endash 66, 532; Longleat MS. 8971.
16. Cal. Pat. 1266\endash 72, 440.
17. Ibid. 533.
18. Rot. Hund. (Rec. Com.), ii. 276.
19. Cal. Pat. 1292\endash 1301, 177; Longleat MS. 8978. For previous holders of the wardship see Cal. Pat. 1272\endash 81, 253 and J.I. 1/1006 m. 55d.
20. Wilts. Inq. p.m. 1242\endash 1326 (Index Libr.), 249\endash 53.
21. Ibid. 372.
22. T. Walsingham, Hist. Anglicana (Rolls Ser.), i. 165.
23. Cal. Chart. R. 1300\endash 26, 444.
24. Cal. Close, 1327\endash 30, 16.
25. Cal. Fine R. 1327\endash 37, 28.
26. Wilts. Inq. p.m. 1327\endash 77 (Index Libr.), 85\endash 87; Abbrev. Rot. Orig. (Rec. Com.), ii. 74.
27. Wilts. Inq. p.m. 1327\endash 77 (Index Libr.), 371.
28. Cal. Fine R. 1377\endash 83, 136. The pedigree of the Greene family is in Halstead, Succint Genealogies, 153 f., and Bridges, Hist. Northants. ii. 251\endash 2.
29. C 137/20/1; C 138/27/41.
30. C 139/58/32.
31. C 140/23/1; Longleat MS. 9039.
32. Complete Peerage, s.v. Wiltshire.
33. Cal. Inq. p.m. Hen. VII, iii. pp. 408\endash 9.
34. Ibid.; Halstead, Succint Genealogies, 223\endash 4.
35. C 142/135/4; Visitations of Essex, pt. i (Harl. Soc. xiii), 166; George had a son Thomas living in 1557: C 54/528 m. 23d.
36. Visitations of Essex, i. 166\endash 7; Audrey's husband was the nephew of her sister Anne's husband.
37. Complete Peerage.

Joan married Thomas Mauduit, son of William Mauduit and Eve.1 (Thomas Mauduit was born about 1248 and died between Aug 1270 and 1271 1.)


1 <i>A History of the County of Wiltshire</i>, 17 (London: Victoria County History, 1965), 8: 96-103.

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