Thomas Mauduit
(Abt 1183-1244)
William Mauduit
Thomas Mauduit
(Abt 1248-Between 1270/1271)


Family Links

1. Joan de Bassingbourn

Thomas Mauduit

  • Born: Abt 1248
  • Marriage (1): Joan de Bassingbourn 1
  • Died: Between Aug 1270 and 1271 1

  Research Notes:

"Succinct Genealogies..." does not have this person in the Mauduit tree.


Manorial Estate: Shalden Manor, Shalden, Alton, Hampshire, GB. 2 The manor of SHALDEN was held at the time of the Domesday Survey by William Mauduit; formerly it had been held by four freemen of King Edward the Confessor as an alod. The overlordship of the manor passed to the descendants of William Mauduit in the same way as the manor of Hartley Mauduit, of which Shalden was held.

The manor was apparently held by the Mauduits of Hartley Mauduit in demesne until near the end of the 12th century, when William Mauduit of Hanslope gave this manor to his brother Robert Mauduit of Warminster to be held of William and his heirs for the service of half a knight's fee. Robert Mauduit died in 1191, and his son and successor Thomas was holding the manor in 1235-6. He died in 1244, and was succeeded by his son William. Thomas the successor of William left a son and heir Warin, a minor, whose custody was assigned by Henry III to his brother Richard, Earl of Cornwall. From Warin some interest in the manor seems to have passed on his death in 1299-1300 to his son Thomas, for he granted a virgate of land at Shalden to Walter Stoner his freeman for his homage and services. Before this time, however, the manor seems to have passed to Richard, Earl of Cornwall, for he obtained from Henry III a grant of free warren there, and on his death in 1272 the manor descended to his son Edmund.

Manorial Estate, 1264-1271, Deane Manor, Basingstoke, Hampshire, RG23, GB. 3 At the time of the Domesday Survey DEANE (Deane Mauduit, xiv cent.) which a certain Thoe had held of Edward the Confessor was held by William de Ow. (fn. 3) By the middle of the 12th century the manor had passed into the hands of Robert de la Mare, (fn. 4) the lord of Castle Holdgate (co. Salop), probably coming to him by his marriage with his wife Alice. (fn. 5) Robert died at Benevento in 1193 on his way back from the Crusades, leaving a daughter and heir Agnes, the widow of Robert Mauduit of Warminster (co. Wilts.), chamberlain to King Henry II, (fn. 6) who soon afterwards made fine at the discretion of the Chancellor for the relief of the lands which had belonged to her father. (fn. 7) Agnes died before 1199 leaving a son and heir Thomas, who came of age in 1203, succeeding to large estates in Shropshire, Wiltshire and Hampshire. (fn. 8) In 1216 he joined the barons' party against King John, and, as he did not return to his allegiance on the accession of King Henry III, on 16 March 1217 all his lands in Shropshire, Hampshire and other bailiwicks were given to Robert de Ferrars wherewith to support himself in the king's service and during the king's pleasure. (fn. 9) Under some misapprehension the manor of Deane, which was still held by Robert de la Mare's widow Alice, was included in the confiscation, but was not given back on 14 September 1217 when, having returned to his allegiance, Thomas was reinstated in his possessions. (fn. 10) Thus in 1218 a certain Thomas le Gastin was summoned to show by what warrant he held the vill of Deane, which William de Ferrars had held while he lived, (fn. 11) and again in 1224 Alice's nephew William de la Mare sought to recover for his aunt a carucate of land in Deane from whomsoever was then holding it. (fn. 12) The manor was no doubt restored to Alice, and on her death descended to her grandson Thomas, who on his death in 1244 was succeeded by his son and heir William. (fn. 13) William's successor was Thomas, who in August 1270, being about to accompany Prince Edward to Palestine, obtained licence from the king to put out at farm his demesnes of Warminster. (fn. 14) He died shortly afterwards, leaving a son and heir Warin under age, (fn. 15) and in 1274 Sir Alan de Plukenet granted the custody of the manors of Grateley and Deane which were of his inheritance to Sir John de St. Valery to hold from Thursday after the Feast of St. Peter and St. Paul 1274 until Michaelmas 1279. (fn. 16) Warin came of age in 1290 and obtained livery of all the lands which his father had held in chief. (fn. 17) Five years later he obtained licence to demise his manor of Deane for six years to Bevis de Knovill (fn. 18) \emdash no doubt on his departure to the Holy Land with Edward I, by whom he was highly esteemed. He died, however, at the early age of thirty, circa 1299, leaving a son and heir Thomas under age, (fn. 19) whose marriage was granted in 1301 to Robert de Felton. (fn. 20) Thomas obtained a grant of free warren in all his demesne lands of Deane in 1518, (fn. 21) but some years later, siding with the other barons against the Despensers, he was taken prisoner at Boroughbridge and executed, and his estates confiscated. (fn. 22) His son and heir John, who was a minor at the time, (fn. 23) came of age in 1332, obtaining in that year livery of his estates, (fn. 24) and died in 1364 leaving as his heir his granddaughter Maud the only child of his son Thomas. (fn. 25) Five years later the manor was conveyed by trustees to William of Wykeham, Bishop of Winchester, (fn. 26) and was settled on him in 1392 with remainder in tail-male successively to his greatnephews William and Thomas of Wykeham. (fn. 27)

3. V.C.H. Hants, i, 491b.
4. He was probably the Robert mentioned as holding Deane in the Pipe Roll of 1167:\emdash 'Dena Roberti reddit compotum de dimidio marce' (Pipe R. 13 Hen. II, rot. 13, m. 1 d.).
5. Eyton, Antiq. of Shrops. iv, 56.
6. Ibid. 57.
7. Ibid.
8. Ibid. op. cit. iv, 62.
9. Close, 1 Hen. III, m. 22.
10. Ibid. m. 10.
11. Ibid. 2 Hen. III, m. 3 d.
12. Ibid. 7 Hen. III, m. 16 d.

13. Excerpta e Rot. Fin. (Rec. Com.), i, 418.
14. Pat 54 Hen. III, m. 10.
15. Vide Pat 1 Edw. I, m. 16.
16. Close, 2 Edw. I, m. 8 d.
17. Ibid. 18 Edw. I, m. 1.
18. Pat 24 Edw. I, m. 20.
19. Inq. p.m. 28 Edw. I, no. 41.
20. Pat. 29 Edw. I, m. 28.
21. Chart. R. 11 Edw. II, m. 8.
22. Hoare, Wilts, iii (2), 5.
23. Pat. 1 Edw. III, pt i, m. 37.
24. Close, 6 Edw. III, m. 22.
25. Inq. p.m. 38 Edw. III, no. 28.
26. Close, 43 Edw. III, m. 6; Feet of F. Hants, Mich. 43 Edw. III. In spite of the care with which the conveyance was made, Ralph Grene, the son and heir of Sir Henry Grene and Maud his wife, granddaughter and heir of John Mauduit, in 1413 sued Sir Thomas Wykeham for the manor as his inheritance. He was not, however, successful in regaining the manor (De Banc. R. Trin. 1 Hen. V, m. 125), and two years later remitted all right he had in it to Thomas (Close, 3 Hen. V, m. 23).
27. Feet of F. Hants, Trin. 16 Ric. II.

Manorial Estate, 1264-1271, Warminster Manor, Warminster, Wiltshire, GB. 1 WARMINSTER belonged to the kings of England before the Conquest, and was still in the hands of William I in 1086. (fn. 1) By 1156 it had been granted to William FitzHamon, (fn. 2) a tenant in several counties and constable of Salisbury Castle in the earlier part of the reign of Henry II. (fn. 3) William held it until 1175, (fn. 4) when it reverted to the Crown, probably by his death. It was immediately regranted in fee to Robert Mauduit, (fn. 5) a royal chamberlain and younger son of a family whose chief estates were in Buckinghamshire. (fn. 6) He had succeeded FitzHamon in his constableship of Salisbury, and it is possible that the estate was regarded as appurtenant to that office. (fn. 7) Robert obtained a renewal of the grant when Richard I succeeded to the throne, (fn. 8) but was dead by 1191. (fn. 9) His son and heir Thomas was a minor, and was in the successive wardships of Robert de Tregoze (fn. 10) and Hugh de Bosco (fn. 11) until he came of age by Michaelmas 1204. (fn. 12) Thomas held Warminster, except for a forfeiture when he joined John's enemies, (fn. 13) until his death c. 1244, when he was succeeded by his son William. (fn. 14) William was dead by 1264, leaving a son Thomas, a minor, whose wardship was granted to Warin de Bassingburn, his uncle. (fn. 15) In 1270 Thomas was given licence to let the manor of Warminster while he went to the Holy Land with Prince Edward. (fn. 16) He probably died abroad, for in 1271 the wardship of his heir Warin was granted to Richard, King of the Romans. (fn. 17) In 1275 Thomas's widow Joan held Warminster in dower. (fn. 18) Warin came of age c. 1290 and in 1294 was licensed to let Warminster to Bogo de Knoville, the last holder of his wardship, for six years. (fn. 19) At Warin's death in 1300 he was succeeded by his son Thomas, (fn. 20) who came of age in 1308 (fn. 21) and was executed after the battle of Boroughbridge in 1322. (fn. 22) Warminster was immediately granted to Hugh le Despenser the elder, (fn. 23) but on the accession of Edward III Thomas's widow Eleanor was assigned her dower in it, (fn. 24) and the custody of the remainder granted to John de Kingston during the minority of John, the heir. (fn. 25) John came of age in 1332, and settled Warminster on himself and Juliane his wife in the same year. (fn. 26) He died in 1364 leaving as heir, after the termination of his widow's estate, his granddaughter Maud, daughter of his son Thomas who was already dead. (fn. 27)

Maud took the Mauduit inheritance to a Northhamptonshire family, for she married Sir Henry Greene of Drayton near Kettering. (fn. 28) He was executed in 1399 and succeeded in turn by his sons Ralph, who died without issue in 1417, (fn. 29) and John, who died in 1433. (fn. 30) John's son Henry died in 1467 leaving an only daughter and heir Constance, who married John Stafford, third son of Humphrey, Duke of Buckingham. (fn. 31) Stafford was created Earl of Wiltshire in 1470 and died three years later. His only son Edward died without issue in 1499, and after a long dispute his property passed to the heirs of his maternal grandfather Henry Greene, who were the descendants of Greene's sisters Isabel and Margaret. (fn. 32) Of these, Margaret left by her husband Sir William Huddleston a daughter Elizabeth, who married Sir Thomas Cheney and died without issue in 1502. (fn. 33) The whole inheritance thus passed to the issue of Isabel Greene, who had married Sir Richard Vere. Their son Sir Henry Vere left four daughters; of these one died without issue, so that Warminster was divided into thirds amongst the others. (fn. 34)

Of these three coheirs, Anne married Sir Humphrey Brown of Abbess Roding (Essex), a Justice of the Common Pleas who died in 1562. Their only son George died without surviving issue soon after his father, and this share of Warminster descended to his three half-sisters by his father's second marriage. (fn. 35) The second coheir Audrey married into the same family of Browns, and by her husband John left a son George and a grandson Wistan. (fn. 36) The third coheir Elizabeth married John Mordaunt created Baron Mordaunt in 1532, and her share of Warminster descended to her grandson Lewis, the 3rd baron. (fn. 37)

1. V.C.H. Wilts. ii, p. 116.
2. Pipe R. 1156\endash 8 (Rec. Com.), 57.
3. Red Bk. Exch. (Rolls Ser.), 664 and passim; V.C.H. Wilts. vi. 54\endash 5.
4. Pipe R. 1175 (P.R.S. xxii), 99, and preceeding volumes in the same series.
5. Ibid. 1176 (P.R.S. xxv), 171; Cartae Antiquae Rolls (P.R.S. n.s. xxxiii), 184.
6. The elaborate account of this family in Robert Halstead (pseud.), Succint Genealogies of the ... Houses of ... Mauduit of Warminster ... (1685), was followed by Hoare, Mod. Wilts, Warminster, 2\endash 8, but its earlier part is corrected in R. W. Eyton, 'Pedigree of the Baronial Houses of Mauduit', Herald and Genealogist, vii. 385\endash 94. For a criticism of Halstead's work see Beds. Hist. Rec. Soc. xi. 84\endash 87.
7. V.C.H. Wilts. v. 8.
8. Halstead, Succint Genealogies, 128; Pipe R. 1190 (P.R.S. n.s. i), 121.
9. Pipe R. 1191 & 1192 (P.R.S. n.s. ii), 121.
10. Ibid. 281.
11. Ibid. 1195 (P.R.S. n.s. vi), 136.
12. Ibid. 1204 (P.R.S. n.s. xviii), 247. Halstead printed a deed settling Warminster on Robert's younger son Robert; if genuine it cannot have taken effect, but deeds settling a smaller estate on him are in W.R.O. 490 Hungerford Cart. ff. 112v.\endash 113.
13. Rot. Litt. Claus. (Rec. Com.), i. 285, 315.
14. Ex. e Rot. Fin. (Rec. Com.), i. 418; Eyton, Antiquities of Shropshire, iv. 65.
15. Close R. 1261\endash 4, 339\endash 40; Cal. Pat. 1258\endash 66, 532; Longleat MS. 8971.
16. Cal. Pat. 1266\endash 72, 440.
17. Ibid. 533.
18. Rot. Hund. (Rec. Com.), ii. 276.
19. Cal. Pat. 1292\endash 1301, 177; Longleat MS. 8978. For previous holders of the wardship see Cal. Pat. 1272\endash 81, 253 and J.I. 1/1006 m. 55d.
20. Wilts. Inq. p.m. 1242\endash 1326 (Index Libr.), 249\endash 53.
21. Ibid. 372.
22. T. Walsingham, Hist. Anglicana (Rolls Ser.), i. 165.
23. Cal. Chart. R. 1300\endash 26, 444.
24. Cal. Close, 1327\endash 30, 16.
25. Cal. Fine R. 1327\endash 37, 28.
26. Wilts. Inq. p.m. 1327\endash 77 (Index Libr.), 85\endash 87; Abbrev. Rot. Orig. (Rec. Com.), ii. 74.
27. Wilts. Inq. p.m. 1327\endash 77 (Index Libr.), 371.
28. Cal. Fine R. 1377\endash 83, 136. The pedigree of the Greene family is in Halstead, Succint Genealogies, 153 f., and Bridges, Hist. Northants. ii. 251\endash 2.
29. C 137/20/1; C 138/27/41.
30. C 139/58/32.
31. C 140/23/1; Longleat MS. 9039.
32. Complete Peerage, s.v. Wiltshire.
33. Cal. Inq. p.m. Hen. VII, iii. pp. 408\endash 9.
34. Ibid.; Halstead, Succint Genealogies, 223\endash 4.
35. C 142/135/4; Visitations of Essex, pt. i (Harl. Soc. xiii), 166; George had a son Thomas living in 1557: C 54/528 m. 23d.
36. Visitations of Essex, i. 166\endash 7; Audrey's husband was the nephew of her sister Anne's husband.
37. Complete Peerage.

Manorial Estate, 1270, Grately Manor, Grateley, Andover, Hampshire, SP11, GB. 4 GRATELY is not mentioned in Domesday Book, but in 1130 the sheriff was farming the manor, which had belonged to Robert de Matteom, who was either dead or had forfeited. (fn. 4) William the Chaplain, or as is more probable William the Chamberlain (Camera), that is to say William Mauduit, was holding in 1167 (fn. 5) and the manor remained with the Mauduit family. Thomas Mauduit is named in the Testa de Nevill as holding a knight's fee in Grately of the Earl of Hertford. (fn. 6) As Mr. Round has pointed out under Over Wallop (q.v.) this is clearly an error for the Earl of Hertford, since Grately certainly had the Bohuns for overlords and when the earldom reverted to the Crown the king became overlord. (fn. 7) Thomas Mauduit died in 1270, and four years later his manors of Dean and Grately were in the hands of Sir Alan de Plugenet, who granted them, with certain provisoes, to Sir John de St. Walery from the Thursday after the Feast of St. Peter and St. Paul in 1274. until Michaelmas 1279. (fn. 8) In 1295 licence was granted to Thomas's son Warin Mauduit of Warminster, tenant in chief, to demise Grately and other manors to Bevis de Knovill (fn. 9) for six years. (fn. 10) Warin Mauduit died seised of the manor in 1300, (fn. 11) leaving a son and heir Thomas Mauduit, who is named in the Nomina Villarum of 1316: sed mater tenet in dote. (fn. 12) In 1318 he had a grant of free warren, (fn. 13) but being on the Lancastrian side at Boroughbridge in 1322 he was taken prisoner, his estates were confiscated and himself executed. (fn. 14) Edward III, however, restored the estates to his son John Mauduit, who was lord of the manor in 1332, (fn. 15) and was assessed in the Aid of 1346 as holding half a fee which had belonged to Robert de Bury. (fn. 16) John Mauduit died in 1364 seised of Warminster Manor (though the inquisition makes no mention of Grately), leaving Maud daughter of his son Thomas as his heir, then aged nine. (fn. 17) Juliana widow of John Mauduit was seised of the manor at her death, (fn. 18) after which it passed to the said Maud, then wife of Sir Henry Greene of Drayton (co. Northants.), who had livery of seisin in May 1379. (fn. 19) Sir Henry Greene was a privy councillor to Richard II and high in the royal favour, for which when Henry of Bolingbroke was in the ascendant he lost both his estates and his life. (fn. 20) In the first year of his reign, however, the new king restored the estates to Sir Henry's son Ralph, (fn. 21) who was afterwards knighted and died seised of Grately in 1417. (fn. 22) He was succeeded by his brother John Greene, who is named in the Feudal Aid of 1428 as holding half a fee in Grately, (fn. 23) and in that of 1431 as holding one-sixth. (fn. 24) He died in 1433, (fn. 25) and was succeeded by his eldest surviving son Henry, who was twice married, first to Constance Paulet and secondly to Margaret Ros, but left an only daughter Constance. She carried the manor by marriage to the Lord John Stafford (third surviving son of Humphrey first Duke of Buckingham) created Earl of Wiltshire in 1470.

4. Pipe R. 31 Hen. I (Rec. Com.), 40.
5. Ibid. 13 Hen. II (Pipe R. Soc.), 184, 'Grettelea Willelmi Cap[..].' 'Cap[.]' is possibly an error for 'Cam[..]' and as the Red Book of the Exchequer has 'Walter de Camera' holding half a knight's fee under the Bohuns in 1166 (Red Bk. of Exch. [Rolls Ser.], i, 143) the reference is presumably to William Mauduit, the king's chamberlain.
6. Testa de Nevill (Rec. Com.), 231 b.
7. Inq. p.m. 28 Edw. I, no. 41; 46 Edw. III, no. 10; 5 Hen. V, no. 41.
8. Cal. Close, 1272\endash 9, pp. 123\endash 4.
9. Eleanor daughter of Bevis de Knovill was wife of Thomas Mauduit, Warin's son.
10. Cal. Pat. 1297\endash 1301, p. 177.
11. Inq. p.m. 28 Edw. I, no. 41.
12. Feud. Aids, ii, 312.
13. Cal. Chart. R. 1300\endash 26, p. 374.
14. Hoare, Hist. of Modern Wilts, iii (2), 7.
15. Inq. a.q.d. file 221, no. 2.
16. Feud. Aids, ii, 325. There is apparently some confusion here, for there is no evidence that Robert de Bury ever held in Grately.
17. Inq. p.m. 38 Edw. III, no. 28. Cf. G.E.C. Complete Peerage, v, 272 n.; Dugdale, Baronage, i, 399.
18. Inq. p.m. 2 Ric. II, no. 33.
19. Halstead, Succinct Genealogies, 147; cf. Feet of F. Div. Co. East. 8 Ric. II.
20. Halstead, op. cit. 121.
21. Cf. Cal. Pat. 1399\endash 1401, pp. 328, 335.
22. Inq. p.m. 5 Hen. V, no. 41.
23. Feud. Aids, ii, 347.
24. Ibid. 170.
25. Inq. p.m. 11 Hen. VI, no. 32.

Thomas married Joan de Bassingbourn, daughter of Warin de Bassingbourn and Isabel de Sacy.1 (Joan de Bassingbourn died after 1275 1.)


1 <i>A History of the County of Wiltshire</i>, 17 (London: Victoria County History, 1965), 8: 96-103.

2 William Page, editor, <i>A History of the County of Hampshire</i>, 4 (London: Victoria County History, 1911).

3 William Page, editor, <i>A History of the County of Hampshire</i>, 4 (London: Victoria County History, 1911), 4: 205-207.

4 William Page, editor, <i>A History of the County of Hampshire</i>, 4 (London: Victoria County History, 1911), 4: 369-371.

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