Ramiro Sánchez I de Aragón Rey de Aragón
(Abt 1008-1063)
Gerberge de Foix
(Abt 1015-1049)
Ermengol III de Urgel Conde de Urgel
(Abt 1032/1033-Between 1065/1065)
Adelaida de Besalú
(-Bef 1055)
Sancho Ramírez de Aragón Rey de Aragón
(Abt 1042/1043-1094)
Isabel de Urgel
(-Bef 1071)
Pedro I de Aragón Rey de Aragón y Navarra
(Between 1066/1068-1104)


Family Links

1. Agnès d'Aquitaine

  • Pedro de Aragón
2. Berthe de Savoie

Pedro I de Aragón Rey de Aragón y Navarra

  • Born: Between 1066 and 18 Aug 1068
  • Marriage (1): Agnès d'Aquitaine in Jan 1086 1
  • Marriage (2): Berthe de Savoie on 16 Aug 1097 in Huesca, Aragón, 22001, ES 1
  • Died: 27 Sep 1104, Valle de Arán, Lérida, Cataluña, ES
  • BuriedMale: Monasterio de San Juan de la Peña, Santa Cruz de la Serós, La Jacetania, Huesca, Aragón, 22792, ES

  General Notes:

PEDRO de Aragón ([1066/18 Aug 1068]-Valle de Aran 27 Sep 1104, bur Monastery of San Juan de la Peña). The Gestis Comitum Barcinonensium names "Petrum et Ildefonsum…Raimirum" as the sons of "Sancium", recording that Pedro succeeded his father. His mother´s identity is confirmed by a first testament of Armengol [IV] Comte de Urgell, cited by Monfar, under which the testator bequeathes his county "al infante don Pedro su sobrino hijo del rey d´Aragon" if his own son and brothers died. His birth date is estimated from the Crónica de San Juan de la Peña recording that he died aged 35, but bearing in mind the charter dated 18 Aug 1068 under which "Sancius...Rex filius Ranimiri Regis" donated property to Roda, for the salvation of "mea et uxoris ac filiorum" which shows that the king had more than one child at that date. The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines, in a curious mixture of information about the contemporary kings of Castile and Aragon, names "Sanctium qui aliam matrem habuit, Petrum cognomento Alfunsem sive Hildefonsum et Fernandum" as the three sons of "rex…in Galicia Sanctus sive Fernandus". The Crónica de San Juan de la Peña names "Pedro, Alfonso et Remiro" as the three sons of King Sancho and his wife "muller Doña Felicia", although if Pedro's birth date is correct as shown above he must have been the son of his father's first marriage. His father installed him in Sobrarbe and Ribagorza in 1085: the dating clause of a charter dated 13 Jun 1085, under which the abbot of San Victorián granted " Valle castro de Gradus" to "Bita Garcez de Chavallera", records "iste anno quando...dedit rex ad filio suo Petro Sangiz Suprarbi et Ripacurcia". His father installed him in Monzón in 1089. "Sancius rex Pampilonensium et Aragonensium…cum filio meo Petro" confirmed the rights of the bishop of Pamplona to the town of Pamplona by charter dated 28 Oct [1087]. He captured Estada (1087), Montearagón (1088), Monzón (1089), and Almenar (1093). The dating clause of a charter dated Jun 1091, under which the bishop of Roda confirmed exemptions of Sobrarbe San Victorián, records "rex Sancius in Aragona et in Pampilonia, Suprarui et in Ripacrucia...ambos in Montson...". He succeeded his father in 1094 as PEDRO I King of Aragon and King of Navarre . He captured Huesca (27 Nov 1096), and Barbastro (1100). He allied himself with Don Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar "El Cid Campeador" against the Almoravides in 1097. "Petrus Sangiz…Aragonensium et Pampilonensium rex" granted property "villa de Arguiñáriz" to "Senior Didaco Albarez" by charter dated Dec 1099. The Chronicle of Saint-Maxence records the death in 1104 of "rex Petrus Aragundiæ" and the succession of "Ildefonsus frater eius". The Gestis Comitum Barcinonensium records that Pedro ruled in Aragon for eleven years and died childless in 1104. The Crónica de San Juan de la Peña records the death "III Kal Oct" of King Pedro aged 35 and his burial in the monastery of San Juan de la Peña. The Annales Compostellani record the death "IV Kal Oct" in 1104 of "Petrus Rex". The "Corónicas" Navarras record the death "V Kal Oct" of "Petrus, filius eius [regis Sancii]", in 1104. His place of death is confirmed by an undated charter, which records the sale by "senior Azenar Sans de Ristan" of land to Toulouse Saint-Saturnin, whose dating clause records "in anno quo mortuus est rex Petrus, ultra portos, in terra Gastonis".

m firstly (betrothed 1081, Jaca Jan 1086) AGNES d'Aquitaine, daughter of GUILLAUME VIII Duke of Aquitaine [GUILLAUME VI Comte de Poitou] & his third wife Hildegarde de Bourgogne [Capet] (end 1072-6 Jun 1097, bur Monastery of San Juan de la Peña). The Chronicle of Saint-Maxence records that "filia Goffredo duci" & his third wife, born after her brother Guillaume, was betrothed to "Petrus filius Sancii regis Aragundiæ". The Annales Compostellani record the death "VIII Id Jun" in 1098 of "Regina Agnes".

m secondly (Huesca 16 Aug 1097) BERTA, daughter of --- ([1075]-before 1111). The origin of Berta is unknown. Berta is named in charters in Aragon from 16 Aug 1097 to 1105. Szabolcs de Vajay suggests that she was Berthe de Savoie, daughter of Pierre Comte de Savoie & his wife Agnès d'Aquitaine, although there appears to be no direct proof that this is correct. He further suggests that, when Emperor Heinrich IV captured Tuscany in 1092, Berthe could have taken refuge at her mother's court at Poitiers from where her marriage was arranged, her future husband's first wife having been her mother's first cousin. This suggested origin appears to originate with Zurita who, while in relation to Queen Berta stating that "no se escrive cuya hija fuesse", comments that "en las historias de Castilla...el Rey Don Alonso que ganó a Toledo tuvo...una [muger] llamada Berta que era natural de Toscana" [third wife of Alfonso VI King of Castile], that "el Emperador Henrico avia casado con Berta hija de Otho Marques de Italia", and that "parece verisimil que esta Reyna Berta sucediesse de aquella casa de los Marqueses de Italia". "Berta...regina" donated "tres uno orto" in Huesca to "don Bruno mea magistro" by charter dated Jul [1101]. Ubieto Arteta points out that "Bruno" was "[un] nombre completamente desconocido en la omomástica aragonesa del siglo XI e importado indudablemente de Italia o de Francia" and suggesting that this could suggest an Italian origin for Queen Berta, although recognising that "el argumento...apenas tiene fuerza, pues se da el nombre de Bruno en el Midi y en las poblaciones de francos". Szabolcs de Vajay identifies the grantee Bruno as the son of Friedrich Graf, Herr von Lützelburg and his wife Agnes de Savoie (who was recorded as the daughter of Pierre Comte de Savoie and therefore would have been the sister of Queen Berta if her Savoy affiliation was correct). This may appear unlikely considering that the son of Graf Friedrich cannot have been born much earlier than [1086] and therefore would have been no more than 10 years old at the most at the time of King Pedro's marriage in 1097. Pedro I King of Aragon donated "villa...Buniales" to "abbate don Galindo", at the request of "uxoris mee Berta regina", by charter dated Jan 1103. "Berta regina" granted "in Sangarren...kasas que fuerunt domni Hormat Ibn Motert Ibn Alabe" to "Enneco Banzones" by charter dated 1105, the dating clause of which records "cognatum meum rege domni Antefonso, me sub gratia domnum meum rege domno cum amore...cognatum meum in Auguero et in Moriello, in Arrigolis et in Merquerlo, in Aiierve et in Sangarren et in Kalgen" [Agüero, Murillo, Riglos, Marcuello, Ayerbe, Sangarren and Callén]. "Berta regina" donated "almunia...inter Berbegal et Monte Rog" to the monastery of Alaon by charter dated to [1105], the dating clause of which records "Antefonso cognato meo in Pampilona et in Aragona, in Superarvi et in Ripacurcia, me autem regnante in Murello et in Auvero et in Aierb...". Ubieto Arteta refers to the areas named in these two charters as governed by Queen Berta as "el 'reino' que llamamos de los Mallos", adding that "la existencia del pequeño Estado...fué efimera" and that "antes de 1111...estaba a punto de desaparecer" (he does not cite the primary source on which he bases this date). Szabolcs de Vajay assumes that it disappeared when the queen died. Although the area is called "reino" and "Estado" by Ubieto Arteta, there appears no reason to suppose from the wording of these two charters that the territory was anything other than a señorío granted by King Pedro as dower for his wife, and that it was governed in the same way as any other señorío in the kingdom of Aragon. Berta would have continued to bear the title queen after her husband´s death, and the phrase "me autem regnante" in the second document should not be interpreted other than as the normal way in which administration of a territory by a queen could be described without implying that the area had become a "kingdom".

King Pedro I & his first wife had two children: Pedro and Isabel.

Pedro married Agnès d'Aquitaine, daughter of Guy de Poitou Duc d'Aquitaine (Guillaume VIII), Comte de Poitou and Audéarde de Bourgogne, in Jan 1086.1 (Agnès d'Aquitaine was born in 1072 and died 6 Jun 1097 or 1098.)

Pedro next married Berthe de Savoie, daughter of Pierre de Savoie Comte de Savoie, Marchese di Susa and Agnès de Poitou, on 16 Aug 1097 in Huesca, Aragón, 22001, ES.1 (Berthe de Savoie was born about 1075 1 and died before 1111 1.)


1 Charles Cawley, <i>Medieval Lands</i>.

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