Ralph Pirot
(Abt 1165-Bef 1222)
Sir Ralph Pirot
(Abt 1195-Bef 1252)
(Abt 1205-After 1256)
Sir Ralph Pirot
(Abt 1225-Bef 1305)


Family Links

1. Cassandra de Argentein

Sir Ralph Pirot 2 3 4 5

  • Born: Abt 1225 3
  • Marriage (1): Cassandra de Argentein 1
  • Died: Bef 26 May 1305 3

   Another name for Ralph was Ralph Perrott of Radwell+Lindsell+Beeston, Sir.

  General Notes:

Sir Ralph Perot, s. and h. [of Ralph by Joan], was a knight at the time of his succession (g). He served in the 1257 campaign against Llewelyn (h); attended the King in France, 1259, and was summoned for service in Wales, 1263. He was an active partisan of Simon de Montfort in the Barons War, and was captured in a sortie under the younger Simon, when the King took Northampton, Apr 1264. After the royalist victory at Evesham, Aug 1265, Ralph became a captain of the Disinherited in the Isle of Ely, who lived by pillaging the country-side, till they surrendered, with the honours of war, to Prince Edward in July 1267. Ralph thereupon accepted the Dictum of Kenilworth. He was in the Tower of London, 1274-76, upon charges of breaches of the King's peace. In 1277 and 1282 he did personal service in Wales, and he was summoned in 1283; and in 1294 for service in Gascony; for service in Scotland, 1296 to 1398, and in 1303. By writ of 26 Jan 1296/7, addressed 'Radulfo Perot', he was summoned to an assembly of Earls, Barons, and military tenants at Salisbury; and 'cum equis et armis' to a military council at Rochester, 20 Aug 1297; but never as a peer to a properly constituted Parliament.

He m. Cassandra (f), and d. shortly before 26 Apr 1305 (g).

(g) When he was said to be aged 26 and more. He paid a relief of 20 pounds.

(h) Doing, as a member of the household of Ralph le Botiller (of Oversley and Wem) the service which he owed the King, for defence of the March, under John FitzAlan.

(f) Perhaps daughter of Sir Giles de Argentein. In 1279 Sir Ralph and Dame Cassandra his wife were in receipt of a rent from tenements in Cambridge by assignment of Sir Giles; and it was Sir Giles who, with Reynold (his son) and Richard de Argentein, bailed Sir Ralph out of the Tower of London in 1276. Sir Gile's mother was Cassandra, daughter of Robert de L'Isle.

(g) He left younger sons--at his death middle-aged men-- among whom and their sister he appears to have divided the bulk of the Pirot fee, to the exclusion of his heir [Ralph, who dvp.]. Simon, received Lindsell and Sawston for life; Master Thomas, Knowton and the Bucks property; Reynold, Harlington; Alan, Ringleton; and their sister Joan, Windridge, near St. Albans, and Ashingdon, Essex. 3


Manorial Estate, 1252-1301, Harlington Manor, Harlington, Dunstable, Bedfordshire, LU5 6, GB. 5 HARLINGTON MANOR at the time of the Domesday Survey comprised 5 hides of land, and was held by Nigel de Albini, (fn. 3) to whose descendants the overlordship belonged, as pertaining to their barony of Cainhoe. (fn. 4) Ralph Pyrot or his ancestors apparently obtained the manor of Harlington by subinfeudation from the Albinis before the early part of the 13th century, (fn. 5) and held it from them by the services of one knight's fee. A Ralph Pyrot is returned as lord of the manor in 1276, (fn. 6) and in 1302 as owner of the vill, part of which was held by the Abbot of Woburn in frank almoigne. (fn. 7) In 1301 Ralph settled the manor on his son Reginald, (fn. 8) who held Harlington after the death of his father, which occurred circa 1315, in which year Reginald obtained seisin of the manor. (fn. 9) In 1317 (fn. 10) and again in 1320\endash 1 (fn. 11) he was summoned to answer a plea of debt, which in default of payment was to be satisfied by a levy on his Bedfordshire estates. This was evidently the cause of the levying of a fine on his Harlington property in 1321 in favour of Nicholas de Boweles, (fn. 12) though the manor did not pass away from the Pyrot family till some years later.

Some time previous to 1330, in consequence of the death of Reginald Pyrot and the minority of his heir, John St. Amand, his overlord, assumed the wardship and took the issues of the lands, enjoying the same until his own death, when they were seised by the escheator as the right of the king, but were restored on proof being made that the manor was not held of the king in chief, (fn. 13) and on attaining his majority Ralph, the heir of Reginald Pyrot, entered into possession.

In 1336 he alienated the manor to his overlord, Almaric St. Amand, (fn. 14) who held this knight's fee in Harlington in 1346, (fn. 15) and by a feoffment of 1369 settled Harlington Manor on trustees to hold for himself and his issue. (fn. 16) The following year he was compelled to pay a fine of 20 for the alienation made without royal licence. (fn. 17)

Almaric died in 1381, and Harlington Manor, then valued at 10 per annum, passed to his son, another Almaric. (fn. 18)

3. V.C.H. Beds. i, 243.
4. Testa de Nevill (Rec. Com.), 250b; Hund. R. (Rec. Com.), i, 4; Feud. Aids, i, 25.
5. Testa de Nevill (Rec. Com.), 250\endash 6.
6. Hund. R. (Rec. Com.), i, 4.
7. Feud. Aids, i, 8.
8. Feet of F. Beds. 29 Edw. I.
9. Abbrev. Plac. (Rec. Com.), 320.
10. Cal. Close, 1313\endash 18, p. 570.
11. Ibid. 1318\endash 23, pp. 343, 381.
12. Cott. MSS. xxviii, 75; Feet of F. Beds. 15 Edw. II.
13. Cal. Close, 1330\endash 3, p. 41.
14. Cott. MSS. xxviii, 109.
15. Feud. Aids, i, 25.
16. Harl. Chart. 55 F. 52.
17. Abbrev. Rot. Orig. (Rec. Com.), ii, 306.
18. Chan. Inq. p.m. 5 Ric. II, no. 51a.

Manorial Estate, 1252-1305, Sandowne Manor, Worth, Deal, Kent, CT14, GB. 6 SANDOWNE, so called from the sand downs over which it principally extends, is a manor, which lies partly in this parish, and partly in that of St. Clement's, in Sandwich, within the jurisdiction of which corporation the latter part of it is. This manor was antiently the estate of the Perots, who held the same, as the private deeds of this name and family shew, as high as the reign of king Henry III. Thomas de Perot died possessed of it in the 4th year of that reign, at which time he had those privileges and franchises, the same as other manors of that time; Henry Perot, the last of this name, at the beginning of king Edward III.'s reign, was succeeded by John de Sandhurst, who left an only daughter and heir Christian, who married William de Langley.

Inquisition, 19 Feb 1252. 7 241. Ralph Pirot alias Pyrot.

Mandate from the abbot of Pershore to the escheator of Essex, with transcript of writ, 19 Feb. 36 Hen. III.

Ralph Pyrot, knt., his son, aged 26 and more, is his heir.

[Essex.] Extent (undated).

Lindesel manor (extent given), held of the king in chief by service of 2 knights' fees.

Cambridge. Inq. (undated.)

Sauston town, 2 knights' fees, viz.- 175 a. and 1r. land in demesne, 4l. 8s. 1d. rent of free tenants, 14s. from customary tenants and cottars, and 20s. from meadow, held of the king in chief.

C. Hen. III. File 12. (16.)

Manorial Estate, 1279-1305, Pyratts Manor, Sawston, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, CB2, GB. 4 The main estate in Sawston at Domesday, comprising 4 hides, was held before the Conquest by three unfree sokemen from Alfric Campe. William I gave the land to Eudes the steward, (fn. 93) and it presumably became part of his honor, though no overlord was mentioned after 1086, and by 1236 the terre tenant held the estate in chief. (fn. 94) In 1086 it was held from Eudes by Pirot, and it became known as PYRATTS or SAWSTON manor. By c. 1210 it was held by Ralph Pirot, (fn. 95) presumably by direct descent from Pirot. Ralph died in 1222 and his son and heir Richard between 1224 and 1227. (fn. 96) The Sawston manor remained for her life with Ralph's widow Joan, who held 2 fees there with her second husband Richard Attaneston c. 1235, and died after 1256. (fn. 97) Richard Pirot's brother Ralph was lord over Pyratts manor in 1236 and 1242. (fn. 98) After Ralph's death in 1252 his son Ralph succeeded to the manor, which comprised 397 a. in 1279. (fn. 99) Shortly before he died in 1305 Ralph Pirot conveyed his land at Sawston to his younger son Simon; (fn. 100) Simon was alive in 1327, but by 1329 his widow Elizabeth was in possession as joint tenant. (fn. 101)

Manorial Estate, 1285-1305, Knowlton Manor, Goodnestone, Canterbury, Kent, CT3, GB. 8 At the time of taking the survey of Domesday, in the 15th year of the Conqueror's reign, this manor was part of the possessions of Odo, bishop of Baieux, under the general title of whose lands it is entered in it as follows:... was afterwards held by knight's service, by the family of Perot, or Pyrot, as the name was frequently spelt; one of whom, Alanus Pyrot, held it in king Henry III.'s reign, by knight's service, of the countess of Ewe, to whom the seignory paramount of it had descended from William de Albineto before-mentioned; Sir Ralph Pyrot, his successor, was possessed of this manor in the next of Edward I. in the 13th year of which he had a grant, dated at Acton Burnel, October 4th, of free warren in all his demesne lands of Cnoltone, among others in other different counties.

In his descendants, who bore for their arms, Argent, a fess, sable, in chief, three escallops; as appears by the coat, quartered with those of Langley on the font, and in the windows of this church, it continued down to Henry Perot, who was of Knolton, and served the office of sheriff at the latter end of the 6th year of that reign, though before the end of it John de Sandhurst appears to have been lord of it.

Manorial Estate, 1287-1305, Windridge Manor, St. Albans, Hertfordshire, GB. 9 ...The other portion of the manor went to Richard Pirot, whose brother Ralph recovered it in a suit against Ranulph Brito in 1228\endash 32. (fn. 117) In 1287 Ralph Pirot claimed free warren in his demesne lands at Windridge, and in 1277\endash 8 he claimed the right of presenting a leper to the hospital of St. Julian, and on the death of one to present another. (fn. 118) Joan daughter of Ralph Pirot held a fourth and a fortieth part of a knight's fee in Windridge in 1303. (fn. 119) In 1321 Reginald son of Ralph Pirot of Herlingdon conveyed the manor to John son of Robert Pecok of Redbourn, (fn. 120) bringing the two portions of the manor together.

117. Bracton's Note Bk. case 870; Pat. 12 Hen. III, m. 4d.; 16 Hen. III, m. 2d.
118. Assize R. 325, m. 34d.; ibid. 323, m. 28.
119. Feud. Aids, ii, 427.
120. Feet of F. Herts. 14 Edw. II, No. 351.

Manorial Estate, 1305, Ringleton Manor, Woodnesborough, Sandwich, Kent, CT13, GB. 8 THE MANOR OF RINGLETON, or Ringston, as it is sometimes written, is situated at some distance westward from Woodnesborough church, and at the time of taking the survey of Domesday, was likewise part of the possessions of Odo, bishop of Baieux, under the title of whose lands it is thus entered in it:... was afterwards held by the countess of Ewe, and of her again by knight's service, by the family of Perot, one of whom, Sir Ralph Perot, or Pyrot, as the name was frequently spelt, held it as above-mentioned in king Edward I.'s reign, (fn. 7) and Mr. Boteler, of Eastry, has in his possession some deeds of the Perots, of Ringleton, in king Richard II.'s time, having their seals appendant, on which are these arms, A shield with a crescent for difference, in chief, three escallop shells, the legend\emdash Si Johis Perot. From his heirs it descended in like manner as Knolton to John de Sandhurst, who left an only daughter and heir Christian, who married William de Langley, by which marriage he became entitled to it; his heirs passed it away to Robt. White, whose heirs held it in the 20th year of Edward III.

7. Book of knight's fees, in the Exchequer.

Inquisition: Post mortem, 26 May 1305. 10 325. RALPH PYROT alias PIROT.

Writ to the escheator to proceed at once with the inquisition he was lately commanded to make, whether the said Ralph being of sound mind granted to Simon his son for life the manors of Sauston and Lyndesle, as the said Simon asserts, or not &c., 26 May, 33 Edw. I.

CAMBRIDGE. Inq. Wednesday before St. Margaret, 33 Edw. I.

Saustone. The said Ralph ten days and more before his death, being sound in will and memory (in bona voluntate et memoria), gave the manor to his son Simon, who peacefully continued his seisin for fifteen days and more until the escheator took the manor into the king's hand: it is held of the king in chief for two knight's fees, doing however the service of one knight in war.

Ralph, son of Ralph son of Ralph deceased, aged 13 and more, is his next heir.

ESSEX. Inq. Friday before Whitsunday, 33 Edw. I.

Lindesele. The said Ralph a fortnight before his death, being of sound mind and memory, granted the manor to Simon his son and enfeoffed him by his charter, who was in peacefull seisin until the escheator took the manor into the king's hands after the said Ralph's death: the manor (extent given) is held of the king in chief by service of a knight's fee.

Heir as above, aged 14.

Endorsed: Let it be done by a fine of 20l. and the trespass pardoned and let the fine be enrolled in the chancery.

C. Edw. I. File 120. (3.)

Inquisition: Post mortem, 3 Aug 1314. 11 489. RALPH PIROT.

Writ, 3 Aug. 8 Edw. II.

CAMBRIDGE. Inq. 13 Aug. 8 Edw. II.

Sauston. The manor (extent given), held of the king in chief for 1/2 knight's fee, and by service of doing suit at the county (court) of Cambridge, and at the king's hundred of Wytlesford.

Ralph Pyrot his kinsman, aged 21 on the feast of St. Margaret (?) last, is his next heir.

Return from the escheator, that after this inquisition was taken one Simon Pyrot arraigned an assize of novel disseisin of the said manor against Ralph the heir, and against the escheator and others, which has proceeded to the injury of the king's estate (status).

C. Edw. II. File 35. (4.)

Ralph married Cassandra de Argentein, daughter of Giles de Argentein of Melbourn & Wymondley and Margery de Aguillon.1 (Cassandra de Argentein was born about 1240 and died after 1279 1.)


1 George Edward Cokayne, "Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom" (Sutton Publishing Ltd., 2000), 1st Ed., Vol. 10, p 476.

2 Robert Halstead, <i>Succint genealogies of the noble and ancient houses of Alno or de Alneto, Broc of Stephale, Latimer of Duntish, Drayton of Drayton, Mauduit of Westminster, Green of Drayton, Vere of Addington, Fitz-Lewes of Westhornedon, Howard of Effingham and Mordaunt of Turvey justified by publick records, ancient and extant charters, histories and other authentick proofs, and enriched with divers sculptures of tombs, images, seals, and other curiosities </i> (London, GB: W. Burrell, 1685), 21.

3 George Edward Cokayne, "Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom" (Sutton Publishing Ltd., 2000), 1st Ed., Vol. 10, p 475-6.

4 Victoria County History, editor, <i>A History of the County of Cambridge and the Isle of Ely</i>, 10 (London: Victoria County History, 1948), 6: 246-263.

5 Victoria County History of Bedfordshire, Vol. 3 pp 379-382.

6 Edward Hasted, <i>The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent</i>, 12 (Canterbury: W Bristow, 1799), 10: 145-151.

7 J E E S Sharp and A E Stamp, <i>Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem </i> (London: n.p., n.d.), 1 Henry III: 57-61.

8 Edward Hasted, <i>The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent</i>, 12 (Canterbury: W Bristow, 1799), 10: 121-144.

9 William Page, editor, <i>A History of the County of Hertfordshire</i>, 4 (London, GB: Victoria County History, 1912), 2: 392-405.

10 J E E S Sharp and A E Stamp, <i>Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem </i> (London: n.p., n.d.), 4 (Edward I): 220-229.

11 J E E S Sharp and A E Stamp, <i>Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem </i> (London: n.p., n.d.), 5 (Edward II): 275-281.

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